Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language with easy-to-read syntax and is simple to interpret. Today, Python is among the most popular programming languages because of its applicability for various tasks such as prototyping, scientific computing, web development, automation, and much more. 

In addition, the versatility of Python programming has led to the use of Python for data science, machine learning tasks, data analysis, big data, and software development, and its scalability has a considerable appeal in the industry.

Tech industry giants such as Google, Facebook, and many more are dedicated users of Python. Moreover, with Python, many libraries speed up the development process and faster code review, support for multiple operating systems, and flexibility in integrating with other programming languages. 

Therefore, aspiring developers and experienced professionals considering some of the top career choices such as artificial intelligence experts, data scientists, big data engineers, or Python developers must enhance their Python skillset to achieve a career boost with lucrative salary structures and tremendous growth rate.

Related reading: Top 9 Machine Learning Courses

1. Python for Everybody Specialization by University of Michigan – Coursera

Python for Everybody Specialization by University of Michigan – Coursera

This specialization course is available on Coursera. In this training program, the learners will be introduced to fundamental programming concepts such as data structures, network applications, and databases.

The course participants will undergo thorough training and understand how to use the Python programming language to create applications, perform data retrieval tasks, and process and visualization.

In addition, the learners will utilize the core programming tools to build more complex applications throughout the course with various hands-on sessions to guide the process with follow-along examples. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Programming for Everybody
  • Python Data Structures
  • Using Python to Access Web Data
  • Using Databases with Python
  • Capstone: Retrieving, Processing, and Visualization

Instructor: Charles Russell Severance

Level: Beginner

Duration: 8 Months

User Review: 4.8/5

No. of Reviews: 177,222

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

2. Python for Data Science, AI, and Development by IBM – Coursera

Python for Data Science, AI, and Development by IBM – Coursera

This online course is available on Coursera. The training program ensures to build the general programming skills required for beginners using Python. From the fundamental concepts to data analysis, all the concepts are taught with complete hands-on session exercises. By the end of the course, the learners will be comfortable creating basic programs with data and solving real-world Python problems. 

In addition, the essentials of data science and AI-based development experience required for more advanced learning will be provided throughout the specialization program. The course curriculum includes:

  • Python Data Structures
  • Python Programming Fundamentals
  • Working with Data in Python
  • APIs and Data Collection

Instructor: Joseph Santarcangelo

Level: Beginner

Duration: 19 hours

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 22,923

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

3. 2021 Complete Python Bootcamp from Zero to Hero in Python – Udemy

2021 Complete Python Bootcamp from Zero to Hero in Python – Udemy

This is one of the most comprehensive Python courses offered on Udemy. In this tutorial, the learners will begin with the basic syntax and proceed to the most advanced features of Python. In addition, there are multiple quizzes, tests, coding exercises, assignments, and three major projects to build a portfolio for the learners. This program follows a practical approach to provide the programming experience for learners. 

Some of the wide range of topics in the course curriculum includes:

  • Command Line Basics
  • Installing Python
  • Running Python Code
  • Strings
  • Lists
  • Dictionaries
  • Tuples
  • Sets
  • Number Data Types
  • Print Formatting
  • Functions
  • Scope
  • args/kwargs
  • Built-in Functions
  • Debugging and Error Handling
  • Modules
  • External Modules
  • Object-Oriented Programming
  • Inheritance
  • Polymorphism
  • File I/O
  • Advanced Methods
  • Unit Tests

Instructor: Jose Portilla

Level: Beginner

Duration: 22 hours and 13 minutes

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 383,173

Price: $69.6

4. Python Certification Course – Simplilearn

This Python training program is offered on Simplilearn. In this course, the fundamentals of Python are covered in-depth and how to program in Python to build real-world applications. The concepts of operations, strings, conditional statements, error handling, shell scripting, and web scraping are covered with practical sessions and assignments to understand the concepts better. In addition, the learners will learn the commonly used Python web framework called Django to understand how web applications are built using the Python programming language. 

The course contents are:

  • Python Basics
  • Data Operations
  • Conditional Statements and Functions
  • Error Handling and File Operations
  • Shell Scripting and Django
  • Logging Infrastructure
  • Unit Test Infrastructure
  • Networking Concepts

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner

Duration: 90 Days Flexible Online Access

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 1490

Price: Self-Paced: $136/Online Bootcamp: $244.8

5. Programming Applications with Python by Coventry University – Futurelearn

Programming Applications with Python by Coventry University – Futurelearn

The course is offered in collaboration with GitHub on the Futurelearn platform. The online tutorial provides a comprehensive introduction to Python.

In addition, the learners will explore the best practices for reading and create files and directories and learn Python to perform data collection, wrangling, and data exploration. Besides the data analysis concepts, the learners will deep dive into the concepts of GUI for web services and how to use the libraries to create a successful GUI. Furthermore, the hands-on sessions demonstrate the process of creating buttons, sliders, images, dropdown boxes in a practical project.

Finally, the learner will explore core programming concepts in Python and cover concepts such as HTTP requests, web scraping, Python libraries for advanced computation, and other critical elements of the APIs. 

The course contents are:

  • Programming Applications with Python: Working with Files and Directories
  • Data Analytics and Data Collection
  • Data Wrangling and Data Exploration
  • GUI Libraries and GUI Applications
  • Web Development using Python
  • Python Frameworks for Web Development
  • Designing APIs
  • Working with APIs
  • JSON, Error Handling, and Exceptions
  • Web Scraping and its Libraries

Instructor: Jeygopi P

Level: Beginner

Duration: 12 weeks

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $39/Month

6. Introduction to Python Programming by Georgia Tech – edX

This is a professional certificate program offered on edX. In this training, the learners will explore the fundamental design cycle of computer science and programming, such as writing code, execution, interpreting results, and debugging. Furthermore, the learners will understand variables, mathematical and logical operators, and Boolean in programming.

Additionally, the learners will deep dive into Python libraries and control structures for developing dynamic programs using Python code, including some core data structures for creating useful programs. The learners will also explore the fundamentals of object-oriented programming and the creation of algorithms. 

The course contents are:

  • Computing in Python: Fundamentals and Procedural Programming
  • Control Structures
  • Data Structures
  • Objects and Algorithms

Instructor: David Joyner

Level: Beginner

Duration: 5 months

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $541

7. Python for Data Science by UC San Diego – edX

The course is offered on edX. In this training program, the learners will be introduced to the collection of powerful and open-source tools for data analysis for data science environments. In particular, the learners will begin with Python, Jupyter notebooks setup and installations, covering various libraries such as pandas, NumPy, matplotlib, and Git. In addition, the learners will explore how to build data science tools and explore public datasets for evidence-based findings.

At the end of the course, the learners will understand working with large datasets, using Python to import and explore data and analyze it and provide insights through data visualization using Python programming. The course’s prerequisites include prior experience with programming languages such as Java, C, C++ or PHP, and basic data structures.

Instructor: Leo Porter and IIkay Altintas

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 10 weeks

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $353

8. Learn Intermediate Python Nanodegree Program – Udacity

This is a specialization course suitable for advanced learners. It is offered on the Udacity platform. In this training program, the learners will be equipped with the skills to leverage Python capabilities to add functionalities capable of performing complex tasks efficiently. For example, the learners will understand classifying files, data mining tasks, and creating web applications. 

There is also an emphasis on building the portfolio of the course participants to demonstrate their abilities with Python skill set for an industry-oriented job role. However, the course’s prerequisites include basics of object-oriented programming, Python syntax, Python knowledge for creating simple programs, object types, and running basic programming scripts with functions and loops. 

The modules in this program are:

Advanced Python Topics

In the first module, the learners will begin with the foundations of Python methods to describe data and explore different functions and the functional design aspects. Besides, the learners will also understand how to create strategies for problem-solving. Furthermore, the concepts on objects, object-based design, and interconnected ideas with class objects and instance objects are covered in detail. Finally, the learners will understand how to include Python with external files to complete the codebases with the help of a project.

Large Codebases with Libraries

The course’s final module includes concepts on how to write, structure, and extend the codes for supporting the development of large systems at scale. The learners will explore leveraging the open-source libraries to add advanced functionalities to the applications and systems faster. Moreover, there are additional concepts such as packaging one’s own codes into the library and applying object-oriented programming to ensure the modularity of the understandable codes. Additionally, the learners will cover the concepts on how to build easily maintainable and efficient codebases and eliminate the need for writing multiple lines of code for future projects.

Instructor: Sam Redmond and Gabriel Ruttner

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 2 Months

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $310/Month/$528 for 2-Month Access

9. Become a Python Developer – LinkedIn Learning

Become a Python Developer – LinkedIn Learning

This is a Python learning path offered on LinkedIn Learning that comprises various courses in short and easily understandable modules. The course is suitable for beginners to begin from scratch and work their way into mastering the programming skills as experienced developers.

The learners will learn Python programming with multiple hands-on sessions by various industry experts. In addition, the best practices for coding in Python to create clean codes while building an application are covered in-depth. Besides, the learners will cover the essentials for object-oriented programming, data structures and Python libraries, decorators, and Python dictionaries before proceeding with the algorithms and advanced Python concepts. 

Finally, the training program participants will have access to the LinkedIn Python Skill Assessment Test, which can be essential for highlighting the profile on the platform for potential job opportunities. The course contents are:

  • Learning Python
  • Python Essential Training
  • Python Object-Oriented Programming
  • Programming Foundations: Data Structures
  • Python Data Structures: Stacks, Ques, and Deques
  • Python Linked Lists
  • Python Dictionaries
  • Algorithms
  • Python Standard Library
  • Python Decorators
  • 8 Things You Must Know in Python
  • Advanced Python
  • Python Essential Libraries

Instructor: Joe Marini, Bill Weinman, Kathryn Hodge, Erin Allard, Deepa Muralidhar, and Jonathan Fernandes

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 26 hours

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: 1-Month Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

10. Micro Masters Program in Predictive Analytics using Python by University of Edinburgh – edX

This specialization course is designed for data analysts, data scientists to perform various advanced tasks using Python. It is offered on the edX platform. In this online training, the learners will understand how to prepare data for predictive modeling, data mining, and advanced analytics purposes continuously required as a data scientist. Moreover, the learners will explore the concepts of statistical modeling and machine learning methods to work on real-world datasets using Python. 

At the end of the course, the learners will be well-equipped to understand identifying risks and patterns that drive better decision-making with the help of analytical models built using Python. Some prerequisites include prior experience or background in mathematics, statistics, and programming languages such as Java, C, or Basic Python. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to Predictive Analytics using Python
  • Successfully Evaluating Predictive Modelling
  • Statistical Predictive Modelling and Applications
  • Predictive Analytics using Machine Learning
  • Predictive Analytics Final Project

Instructor: Dr. Johannes De Smedt, Dr. Matthias Bogaert, Obinna Unigwe, Sofia Varypati, Dr. Xuefei Lu and Dr. Galina Andreeva

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 8 Months

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $1513.7

11. AI Programming with Python Nanodegree Program – Udacity

The course is available on Udacity. In this online training, the learners will learn the essentials of AI programming and the tools such as Python, NumPy, and PyTorch for developing efficient programs and systems. In addition, the learners will delve into the essential techniques such as neural networks, gradient descent, and backpropagation and how to incorporate them into the model building stages using Python programming.

The final projects are mandatory for obtaining the certifications, and the projects will be offered feedback from experienced reviewers from the industry. In addition, the participants will be provided with technical mentor support to gain mastery of the concepts of AI, Python programming, and model building.

The course’s prerequisite includes basic computer skills of running programs and managing files, including introductory algebra and basic programming knowledge in any language. In addition, the know-how to the operating system is beneficial.

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to Python
  • Jupyter Notebooks, NumPy, Anaconda, Pandas, and Matplotlib
  • Linear Algebra Essentials
  • Calculus Essentials
  • Neural Networks

Instructor: Ortal Arel, Luis Serrano, Jennifer Staab, Juan Delgado, Grant Sanderson, Matt Leonard, Mike Yi, Juno Lee and Andrew Paster

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 3 Months

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 950

Price: $310/Month/$796 for 3-Month Access

12. Applied Data Science with Python Specialization by University of Michigan – Coursera

Applied Data Science with Python Specialization by University of Michigan – Coursera

This is a specialization program that is available on Coursera. In this course, the learners will be introduced to data science through the Python programming language. However, it is ideal for learners with an essential Python programming background. Furthermore, the learners will understand how to apply statistical and machine learning techniques, data visualization, text analysis, and more thought various Python toolkits such as Pandas, Matplotlib, Scikit-Learn, NLTK, and Networkx to gain insights into the data for further analysis. 

The course modules are:

  • Introduction to Data Science in Python
  • Applied Plotting, Charting, and Data Representation in Python
  • Applied Machine Learning in Python
  • Applied Text Mining in Python
  • Applied Social Network Analysis in Python

Instructor: Christopher Brooks, Kevyn Collins-Thompson, V.G Vinod Vydiswaran, and Daniel Romero

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 5 Months

User Review: 4.5/5

No. of Reviews: 23,353

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

13. Text Analytics with Python by University of Canterbury – edX

Text Analytics with Python by University of Canterbury – edX

This course is offered on the edX platform. In this online training, the learners will explore the core techniques for text analytics and performing NLP tasks using Python. On the practical side, the learners will explore how to perform an analysis in Python and create pipelines for text classification and text similarity with the help of machine learning techniques. 

Creating the pipelines for automated workflow and data collection and visualization is implemented using Python, and these concepts are addressed in-depth with various hands-on sessions. 

Finally, the learners explore various case studies and understand the uses of Python libraries for text classification such as Pandas, NumPy, Scikit-Learn, Tensor Flow, Matplotlib, and more. Besides, the learners will also gain knowledge on how to gain meaningful insights from unstructured data.

 The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to Text Analytics
  • Visualizing Natural Language Processing

Instructor: Jonathan Dunn, Jeanette King, Tom Coupe, and Girish Prayag

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 3 Months

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: $452

14. Data Science with Python Certification Training Course – Edureka

This training program is offered on Edureka. The learners will explore the Python fundamentals throughout the course, followed by statistics and machine learning concepts. After that, the learners will delve into advanced programming concepts that will allow them to create models and systems for performing applied data science at scale using Python.

Furthermore, the training includes extensive hands-on sessions to work on multiple real-world projects, understand the various problems in a data science environment, and address them with predictive modeling using machine learning models. In addition, the learners will cover some of the basic concepts of statistics such as mean, median, and mode to explore various machine learning concepts that are implemented in data science such as regression, classification, clustering, Naïve Bayes, cross-validation, random forest, Support Vector Machine, decision trees and more.

Finally, the learners will cover the concepts of Reinforcement learning using Python and understand how to build an algorithm to solve a real-world problem in the industry. Besides, advanced concepts such as Python scripts, sequence, file operations, and various Python libraries are also covered in-depth.

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Sequence and File Operations
  • Deep dive into Functions, OOPs, Modules, Errors and Exceptions
  • Introduction to NumPy, Pandas, and Matplotlib
  • Data Manipulation
  • Introduction to Machine Learning with Python
  • Supervised Learning
  • Dimensionality Reduction
  • Unsupervised Learning
  • Association Rules Mining and Recommendation Systems
  • Reinforcement Learning
  • Time Series Analysis
  • Model Selection and Boosting

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Intermediate

Duration:7 Weeks (Weekend Batches)/ 21 Days (Daily Batch)

User Review: 5/5

No. of Reviews: 95,000

Price: $269.3

15. Advanced Python – Pluralsight

The course is available on the Pluralsight platform. However, this program is ideal for advanced learners.

In this tutorial, the learners will extend beyond the basic techniques and explore various libraries and frameworks that experienced developers use. In particular, the learners will cover the concepts of fine-grained control over attribute access and the uses of intercepting class-object construction.

Finally, the learners will understand the sophisticated framework for advanced and complex industry applications and understand class relationships in-depth. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Advanced Flow Control
  • Byte-Oriented Programming
  • Object Internals and Custom Attributes
  • Descriptors
  • Instance Creation
  • Metaclasses
  • Class Decorators
  • Abstract Base Classes
  • Summary

Instructor: Robert Smallshire

Level: Advanced

Duration:3 hours and 52 minutes

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 132

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)


Python is gradually becoming the most preferred programming language in the industry. Besides, Python developers are in-demand across education, healthcare, the IT industry, multidisciplinary research, statistics, and finance. Therefore, endless opportunities range from software and web developers to data scientists, data analysts, and machine learning for people with Python programming skill sets. 

Currently, the national average salary of a Python developer in the USA is $97,009, with the highest range being above $100,000 a year as per Glassdoor reports. With such salary structures, it is indeed one of the most lucrative career opportunities, and the aspirants and experienced developers aiming to add more skills to their repository must include Python as one of those skillsets. 

Nowadays, there are multiple online courses available for upskilling oneself; however, every course does not cover all aspects of programming. To simplify selecting the courses, this article highlighted some of the top trending courses in Python that offer industry-recognized certification and well-curated content to provide the best curriculum to provide learners with a comprehensive learning experience.


Mind maps help flesh out a concept into details and doing so through a visual diagram. British psychologist Tony Buzan popularized mind mapping. He demonstrated this technique on TV shows using colored pens, which ultimately led to its popularity. 

Conventionally, students are taught to write notes and read linearly—from left to right. Using mind maps challenged the notion of taking linear notes by suggesting that people actually scan a page in a non-linear way, which is why the resulting diagram looks like a tree or a spider web instead of neatly organized notes.

Linear notes look pretty and organized, but visual learners need more details and illustrations to facilitate any sort of learning. Mind maps help add to students’ knowledge by presenting information using fewer words while making connections to the central idea or topic.  

Related reading: What is the PQ4R Method and How to Use it for Studying?

The Science 

Our brain processes information in a non-linear way. Our brain jumps from one concept to the next. This is also how the brain retrieves information—it does not recall notes and texts verbatim. Instead, it recalls and retrieves information through the connections it makes. This is what mind mapping aims to capture. Mind maps create a creative organizational structure of concepts through lives, symbols, and colors. 

Whereas linear notes, no matter how neatly written, might be monotonous and hard to remember, mind maps are more visually enticing and straightforward (using fewer words), making remembering and retrieving information easier. 

Mind Maps vs. Concept Maps 

There are many types of visual organizers such as the outline, Venn diagram, t-chart, sequence chart, and concept map. Each one serves a different function. However, many use the words “mind maps” and “concept map” interchangeably when in fact, these two are quite different. Here’s a quick explanation: 

  • Mind maps – focus on a specific idea. A person has to identify an idea or concept and create links to the main idea. 
  • Concept maps – deals with various concepts and making connections between each one. The end result is a free-form diagram and web of ideas with lots of arrows and lines in between. 

Types of Mind Maps

All mind maps operate on the same principle of starting with one central concept or idea and breaking it down. There are different ways to go about this, and which type you use will depend on your preferences and what kind of topic you’re dealing with. Here are a few examples of mind maps with some descriptions: 

  • Buzan-style map – the main idea is written on the middle part of a piece of paper. From the central idea, draw some lines and write words that are directly associated with the topic. For each of those words, proceed to add more lines and write related words or topics. Do not hesitate to use colors and pictures—the goal is to stimulate the brain. 
  • Flow map – this is perfect for information that needs to be organized sequentially. This is most beneficial for students who are doing scientific and academic research. 
  • Bubble map – one of the most basic and easiest to use, the bubble map requires students to write a concept on a sheet of paper and write short descriptions of the main topic. This is perfect for those who wish to build their vocabulary on specific topics. 
  • Tree map – this type of mind map is helpful with categorizing large volumes of data. Whereas the other mind maps encourage the use of words and short phrases, the tree map allows longer sentences and explanations. This might be helpful for those who are into creative writing and wish to organize their thought and information. 

How to Make a Mind Map 

  1. Take a piece of paper and write the central idea in the middle. Oftentimes, visual aides are incorporated, as in the case of a central image. Not all mind maps require the topic to be written in the middle (i.e., tree map). 
  2. Make associations. First-level associations are those that are directly related to the central theme. This will be followed by second-level and third-level associations. Use only keywords. 
  3. Curved lines. Use curved lines when making associations. 
  4. Use colors. Assigning colors to certain associations helps deepen the learning and understanding of the concept.  

The end result of a mind map is a visual representation of a given concept, fleshed out and explored for further understanding. So do take advantage of using images and illustrations to help you remember the words.

Mind Mapping Software and Apps 

Mind mapping websites, apps, and software are available to make the process faster. The main advantage to using these is that it organizes the information for you. All that’s needed is for students to enter the main idea and the keywords and indicate the association level. Users can take advantage of the tools to customize the colors and symbols to fit their preferences. 

Some apps also allow groups of people to work on mind maps together. This is a good approach when brainstorming and developing ideas for a project with a group of people. 

Why it Works for Students 

Mind mapping works for students because it facilitates the learning and understanding of concepts. By making visual diagrams, students can flesh out a concept and draw out as much information about it as they can. In addition, it encourages a deeper understanding of concepts by breaking them down and creating a visual organization of concepts. 

When studying and preparing for an exam, students can create a mind map of a concept to see how much of it they understand; if there’s anything that they can’t explain or do not fully understand, they can go back to the source material (textbook or lectures) and review. 

When to Use Mind Maps

Mind maps can be used for purposes other than studying. Here are some examples: 

  • Individual study. Mind maps are versatile visual organizers that can be used for various purposes. As previously mentioned, it can be used when studying—breaking down a concept and understanding it down to the little details. Moreover, it can help students create study plans as it helps identify aspects of an idea that need further studying. 
  • Group work. Mind maps can also be used in group settings, such as explaining complex concepts to a group of people. Picture this: you are studying with a group, and you’re assigned a topic to explain to your peers. During preparations, you can create a mind map to understand the concept. When describing the idea to the group, you may use a whiteboard and colored markers to illustrate the concept and its inner workings. 
  • Planning. Mind maps are helpful in planning sessions. If you or a group are assigned a major project, you can use a mind map to break down the details of such tasks into smaller, actionable tasks. 
  • Learning languages. Put the language as the main idea, then create an index of topics with the first level of associations. For the second-level associations, put specific categories under each first-level association. From there, you can indicate particular words that you wish to learn. This tactic is perfect when traveling to a foreign place. It might not be a comprehensive course, but those essential words can help people get around.


Creating mind maps has benefits that reach far beyond mastering concepts and studying. Here is a list of some notable benefits of using mind maps:

  • Structure and organize information – a central idea is identified at once and followed by associations. It helps students determine which parts to focus on as they flesh out the concept to learn more efficiently. 
  • Boost comprehension – complex concepts are broken down in simple terms and connected using lines and arrows. This helps students draw some meaning and connections between the words. 
  • Helps improve memory – using just keywords and arrows allows students to collect and retrieve information more efficiently. 
  • Supports creative thinking – creating mind maps encourages students to think in a non-linear way and to understand concepts from a broader perspective 
  • A guide to writing essays – Instead of using outlines, create a mind map of the topic and the topics and subtopics you wish to explore. 
  • A helpful learning tool for visual learners – visual learners learn best when notes are colorful and dynamic. Mind maps are an excellent example of this. 


Before committing to any sudden changes that relate to one’s study methods, consider the following: your goals, how you learn best, and what is needed. Mind maps, although practical, are but an alternative to the usual note-taking methods. Mind maps are not necessary for everything—if you find that you manage well with linear notes, then there is no need to change that. 

Final Thoughts 

Mind maps are versatile. In previous sections, we discussed the benefits of using mind maps and how they can help improve a students’ education inside and outside the classroom.

Use it to help you understand concepts. Use photos, illustrations and colors, but do not get too caught up in it as the most crucial part is the ability to flesh out broader concepts. 


Feeding your brain is about much more than just eating superfoods, listening to NPR, and getting enough sleep. It’s about challenging yourself to learn new skills. 

Fortunately, in today’s day and age, you don’t have to sign up for a full-fledged college degree in order to flex your cognitive muscles. Taking online courses is one of the best ways to embark on a brand-new learning experience that will sharpen your skills, enhance your understanding of new concepts, and allow you to learn new things

There are plenty of online learning platforms that will allow you to take online courses and learn new skills for free – or for very little money. From Udemy to Coursera, LinkedIn Learning and beyond, there are plenty of online learning communities you can join.

Skillshare courses are among some of the best. The Skillshare platform is a relatively new online learning community that makes online learning easy, affordable, and effective. 

If you’re new to this concept and want to know what Skillshare classes have to offer, you’ve come to the right place. In this Skillshare review, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about this learning platform, from Skillshare membership details, Skillshare pricing, available class offerings, and other key features of this unique resource.

Here’s what you need to know. 


What is Skillshare?

Skillshare is a US-based online learning community for people who want to learn in a self-paced, self-guided setting. The majority of Skillshare’s content consists of educational videos, with most courses available by subscription. 

Focused more on community than on lecturing – something that’s unique to Skillshare when compared to other online learning platforms – Skillshare offers the goal of learning by completing a project. There are several main course categories you can gain skills in, such as entrepreneurship, arts, design, and technology. 

The platform was founded in 2010 by Michael Karnjanaprakrn and Michael Ong, making it one of the youngest websites of its kind. Many courses are taught by industry leaders, with more than 30,000 free and subscription-based classes for you to choose from. 


Who is Skillshare For?

Skillshare is truly a platform for anyone and everyone. This online learning community is open to anybody who wishes to take a class, create a class, or teach a class. You can create your own projects, learn new skills, or become a teacher.

However, Skillshare is best for people who are interested in learning creative skills, particularly those in fields like creative writing, photography, leadership, and analytics. 


How Does Skillshare Work?

If you are interested in becoming a lifelong learner, Skillshare is the platform for you. This website will allow you to learn just about any skill, simply by engaging in video lessons and online workshops.

Most online courses have traditional lectures as well as supplementary resources like readings, worksheets, and even interactive online learning communities where you can interact with other students about your work.

Skillshare is a platform that covers a wide variety of subject matter, although its focus primarily rests on creating online courses for creative categories. You’ll find all kinds of topics that can help you benefit your career or simply indulge your hobbies. 


Features and Functionality

Shared Learning Experiences

Skillshare is unique in that it offers a shared learning experience similar to what you’d enjoy in a regular classroom, either online or in-person. You’ll be able to work with other students to impair your level of experience and point of view and to provide feedback based on classes you’ve already taken. 

Seamless Instructional Features

If you’re a teacher hoping to create and sell courses on Skillshare, you’ll find the process to be more or less straightforward. Skillshare’s team will walk you through every step of the process, from making and publishing classes to advertising and even getting paid. 

As an instructor, you can upload videos directly and then add interactive project steps. These steps will make it easy for you to display information exactly how you want it to appear.

Technical Specifications

Skillshare is offered on the web as well as on mobile devices like Android and iOS. There is also an app. You can take classes both on a computer as well as on your phone. It’s integrated with several companies and technologies, too, including Adobe, MailChimp, VS, Bigcartel, inVISION, Shapeways, Quirky, and more. 

Skill Tags

Another unique feature of Skillshare is the “skill tags” setting. Skill tags allow instructors to mark their courses based on which skills they teach. Plus, they help students find those courses as you can drill your search down to specific skills and browse classes accordingly.


What Type of Classes are Offered on Skillshare?

Skillshare Classes

Skillshare offers classes that are categorized into three main subjects: Thrive, Build, and Create.

The Thrive category has only two subtopics – Lifestyle and Productivity. Build includes classes related to business topics, such as leadership and management, marketing, analytics, and freelance and entrepreneurship.

Create has subtopics for – you guessed it – creators. You’ll find subtopics covering skills in creative writing, filmmaking, art, illustration, graphic design, photography, web development, animation, UI and UX design, and more.

It’s important to note that these categories seem limiting, but Skillshare has many other courses that simply aren’t included in the categories mentioned above. While the aforementioned categories cover a vast majority of the classes on Skillshare, there are plenty of other classes – like those in cooking – that simply don’t fall into a neat genre or classification. 

Because of this, Skillshare makes it possible for you to find classes in two ways. You can search the categories, or you can type what you are looking for into the search bar.


How to Choose Skillshare Courses?

When you’re ready to start taking courses on Skillshare, you’ll likely find that the biggest challenge is choosing the right class to begin with. There are thousands of courses to choose from, which can be downright overwhelming when it comes to making the final cut. 

There are a few different ways you can find a class. You can browse a topic or a category or look at trending or recommended classes. Of course, the simplest way to find a course, if you already have something in mind, is to just use the search bar.

Once you find a class that looks interesting, go ahead and bookmark it to watch it later. You will need to have a Skillshare account to do this, which is recommended anyway, as it will allow the site to suggest classes for you based on your preferences. Once you’ve created an account, you can bookmark classes you’re interested in and you can then organize those classes into playlists.

Once you enter the course, you’ll notice that there’s an enlarged video player along with a list of videos to the right. You’ll also find a description of the teacher, class, and course resources below the video player. You’ll be able to see how many students took the class and how many were interested in it.

You can even access ratings so you can determine whether the class is appropriate for you and your experience level (the courses are ranked based on their suitability for beginners, people with a bit of experience, or people at all levels). 


Review of Skillshare Pricing & Costs

Skillshare Pricing

There are several options for you to look at when it comes to Skillshare pricing. The most basic plan is the free membership. The free version is ad-supported and does not allow you to access all of the video classes available on Skillshare. It also restricts you from accessing related content or supporting documents like PDF workbooks or community discussions.

The next step up on the Skillshare pricing ladder is the Premium Membership. This Skillshare membership removes all ads and opens up the entire catalog of courses.

You’ll also be able to download cases to the mobile apps so that you’ll have the freedom to watch online. The Premium Skillshare Membership costs $19 per month or just $99 per year.

Not only that, but signing up for a Premium Membership will enable you to tap into a long list of other “freebies,” including discounts for Squarespace, Adobe Creative Cloud, Shutterstock, and more. 

A final option is the Team’s account. This subscription costs exactly the same as a Premium Skillshare Membership, but its features are a bit different. With this membership, designed for organizations who want to give their staff members Skillshare accounts that are administered under one single account, you’ll pay just $99 per month

There’s one caveat, however, to this Skillshare membership. In order to qualify for this Skillshare pricing model, you’ll need to have fewer than 20 people on your team. If you have more than 20 team members, you will need to get in touch with someone at Skillshare to discuss your options.

Skillshare is much more affordable than many other online learning platforms. For example, if you want to sign up for MasterClass, a similar service, you’ll pay $180 per year. You can choose to take just one class, but it will cost you $90 or more.

LinkedIn Learning also charges an annual subscription fee but it’s only available to LinkedIn Premium members. You’ll pay at least $29 per month. 

Of course, there are other platforms that offer free classes or pay-as-you-go online courses. Khan Academy, Udemy, and Coursera are all examples. Remember, though, that you get what you pay for – just because you’ll find free classes, that doesn’t mean they are always better.


The Advantages (Pros) of Skillshare

There are several benefits to using Skillshare to expand your skills and explore new topics. 

Easy to Use and User-Friendly

Skillshare’s courses might vary a bit between instructors – after all, they’re all going to have different teaching styles and modalities -but for the most part, Skillshare is an online learning platform that is consistent and easy to get used to. You’ll know what to expect for each class. 

There are all kinds of technological resources you can tap into that make using Skillshare more comfortable and convenient. For example, you can turn on closed captioning services or slow down the video playback speed – a helpful feature if you need to relisten to something that you already heard. 

You can also pause a video, skip sections, or go back. Since you’ll be able to see each video’s title and description listed off to the side, you’ll know what you’ve already covered and what’s next. You can also jump to new sections without having to playback hours of content.

Community Interaction

Another wonderful feature of Skillshare is its ability for you to actively participate by interacting with the community. You’ll be able to post your projects and work and then open it up to comments from other Skillshare users.

This sounds, at first mention, like it could be opening up a can of worms. What if the other students don’t like your work? What if they’re overly brutal? Fortunately, this tends to not be the case with Skillshare – other users tend to be friendly and offer constructive feedback. 

There are other ways you can continue to engage with the Skillshare community, too, something that’s unique to this platform and not something you’ll find with other online course platforms.

Skillshare Workshops, for instance, are courses that have more structure and community involvement, running between set calendar dates and including a timeline of projects that students must follow.

These have deadlines and a more interactive community that is similar to what you’d experience in a traditional college course. 

Of course, you’ll be able to work on projects regardless of whether you’re taking a Workshop class or not. Most classes have projects so you can gain some expertise while you’re taking the class. 

Great for Learning Creative Skills

Although there are plenty of other online course platforms out there, Skillshare is by far the best if you’re hoping to build your skills in a creative area, like writing or photography. 

Open to Anyone

Skillshare is unique in that it’s open to absolutely anyone. You don’t have to have a college degree to teach a class, and you don’t have to enroll as a student or pay steep tuition prices in order to take one. It’s truly open source.


The Disadvantages (Cons) of Skillshare


Lack of Depth

One complaint about Skillshare courses – and one that’s echoed when it comes to other online learning platforms, too – is that they lack depth. You won’t find a Skillshare class with a discussion board that delves deep into the crux of an issue or goes into the theory of any kind. 

Other online courses you may have taken at traditional colleges tend to foster collaboration and deep conversation between students, but whether it’s Udemy, Coursera, or Skillshare, this isn’t something you’re likely to find with these more common open-source course platforms.

Poor Instructor Interaction

Some Skillshare users complain that it’s hard to get feedback from an instructor or to interact with him or her via the platform. Unfortunately, that seems to be a common trend across all online learning platforms and it’s not exclusive just to Skillshare.  


The Learner’s Perspective

As a student on Skillshare, you’ll find a clear, clean-cut learning platform that’s pretty easy to get used to. Classes are structured in a consistent manner so you don’t have to worry about adapting to a new format whenever you log into a new course. 

The one thing that does vary significantly among the classes is the length. Some Classes contain 50 or more short, one- or two-minute videos, while others contain only 10 videos that are each 10 minutes each. There are no restrictions or requirements on how long or short a class can be. 

Similarly, some classes have assignments, while others do not. In most cases, you’ll be invited to share your work with other students who are taking the class. Some instructors continue to give feedback on student work – in fact, this is a good way to tell if a Skillshare class is worth your time or not – while others do not. 

There are essentially two main categories of classes on Skillshare – Skillshare Originals and individual-created classes. 

If you are an individual creating a class on Skillshare, you’ll make money from the class and sell it yourself. A Skillshare Original, on the other hand, is one that is produced by Skillshare, often in conjunction with partners like Patreon and Mailchimp. These classes might be taught by celebrities and they are generally of a much higher quality. Most of these classes will include several videos that are about ten minutes long, meant to be completed sequentially, and very easy to follow. 

These classes are some of the best to take if you really want to gain mastery of a subject. You’ll know exactly what you’re getting and the videos are short enough that you can watch them in bits and pieces, pausing and restarting them as needed, for a truly self-paced course. 

User-created (or individual-created) classes also tend to be of a high quality, though they aren’t quite as consistent. These tend to be a bit shorter and are less likely to be taught by familiar faces that you already know and love. However, Skillshare is unique among other online learning platforms in that its team will consistently and regularly go through courses to audit them, removing ones that aren’t of the highest quality. 

As a student on Skillshare, you’ll love the large array of courses available. There are plenty of options to choose from and most classes are taught by skilled instructors. Of course, there are some that are clearly taught by instructors who don’t know much about what they are trying to teach. However, it’s pretty easy to weed these out by reading reviews from other students and taking a quick preview of the course. 


The Instructor’s Perspective

As an instructor on Skillshare, you’ll experience several advantages to posting your class here, particularly when compared to other course platforms. 

The beauty of Skillshare is that anybody can be an instructor – you don’t have to have a degree or any other kinds of specific credentials. Not only that, but you’ll have complete autonomy when it comes to your course. It’s up to you to decide how to structure the course, how to design it, and even to handle all the day-to-day minutiae, like uploading materials and videos.

As a Skillshare instructor, you’ll earn money from the course royalties. Unfortunately, figuring out exactly how much you will earn can be a bit difficult to decipher at first, although it’s a pricing structure you will eventually get used to.

According to Skillshare, your royalties will become part of a pool of money every month. This is 30% of the Premium membership revenue. Also, Skillshare will add up the number of minutes that Premium members watched your videos, and that’s not just members who are paying. The calculation also takes into account unpaid subscribers who watch the videos. 

Interestingly, the speed and length with which each student watches your video also impacts your royalties. For example, when a student increases the playback speed on a video, it decreases the time watched and lowers the royalties you get.

You’ll get a payment that includes all of the Premium minutes watched for the month and then calculate a percentage for each teacher. It’s important to note that you must have at least 30 minutes watched across all of your videos to earn royalties every month or you don’t qualify.

This payment structure is a bit overcomplicated for many Skillshare teachers, a factor that leads many to take their classes to other online learning platforms. However, the beauty of Skillshare is that you don’t have to worry about paying any sort of membership fee and you can figure out how much you’ll earn each month so that you can more or less plan on the income.



Ready to learn new skills? If so, Skillshare might be the way to go. This online learning platform provides training in a wide variety of skills, and with a free version available, there’s really no reason not to give it a try. 

Hopefully, this Skillshare review has been helpful to you as you search for the best online courses and career development opportunities. Sign up and start learning today!




How Much Does Skillshare Cost?

There are several Skillshare pricing options you can choose from. You can sign up for free with just your email address. A free account will give you access to any free classes that are available.

You can also choose to upgrade to a Premium Membership, which will give you access to more than 20,000 classes in the Premium catalog. The Premium Membership costs $99 a year or $19 per month. There is also a seven-day free trial for Premium Memberships as well as a Team Membership.

Does Skillshare Have a Monthly Fee?

Skillshare only has a monthly fee if you choose to sign up for the Premium Membership and to be billed on a monthly basis. Otherwise, you will pay just once a year.

Is Skillshare Free?

Skillshare does have a free version. However, you’ll have access to more courses if you choose to sign up for the Premium version, as well as other features like the ability to download courses to your mobile device so that you can view them offline.

Is Skillshare Legit?

Skillshare is legit, and for the vast majority of people, it’s well worth the money you might pay for a Premium Membership. Not only will you get the chance to learn a wide variety of skills online from expert instructors, but you’ll be able to do so from high-quality videos that you can watch at your own pace.

Is Skillshare Accredited?

Unfortunately, Skillshare is not accredited. If you’re just learning to pick up a few skills here or there, that’s not an issue. However, if you’re hoping to take courses with the goal of transferring credits to a university program, that can be problematic. You will need to enroll in a full-fledged college program of study if you are looking for an option that is accredited.

Does Skillshare Give Certificates?

Unlike other online learning platforms, Skillshare does not offer certificates. You can, however, post your class project to show that you have completed a class, and you’ll have a fun new project to add to your professional portfolio, too.

Does Skillshare Offer Money Back Guarantee?

Skillshare doesn’t have a money back guarantee, per se, but it does offer refunds for annual Premium Membership payments if you contact Skillshare within seven days after the charge has been processed. There are no refunds on monthly payments and you can only get one refund per customer.

How Do You Cancel Skillshare Subscription?

To cancel your Skillshare subscription, you will need to log on to the account settings for your Skillshare account. Click “payments,” which can be found in the left-hand navigation menu. Then click “cancel membership.” You’ll be able to follow all the steps for cancellation there.

Is Skillshare Worth it?

If you want to build your skills in a certain area and don’t mind dedicating a few hours here or there to do so, Skillshare is absolutely worth it. With a free trial and a totally free version available, it’s a great way to learn more without having to spend a ton of money.


Vue.js is an open-source progressive JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces and single-page applications. The Vue.js framework is popular among frontend developers as it includes an easy learning curve. Vue.js offers versatility, modularity, and reusability of codes that allow faster development of complex applications from managing libraries and other components to ensure the easy extensibility of the functions.

With an active and vibrant community, developers’ tutorials, and well-supported documentation, Vue.js is fast-growing into a full-fledged application development ecosystem supported by industry leaders such as Xiaomi, Alibaba, Adobe, and Grammarly.

It is one of the most sought-after skills set in frontend development that can fetch a competitive salary for developers with the know-how of Vue.js. Therefore, one must upskill themselves with some of the most popular online courses and expand their knowledge base for a lucrative career opportunity.

Related reading: Top 10 Online JavaScript Courses

1. Vue – The Complete Guide (Router, Vuex, Composition API) – Udemy

Vue- The Complete Guide (Router, Vuex, Composition API) – Udemy

Vue.js provides the best of frameworks like Angular and ReactJs. However, learning Vue.js with advanced concepts such as Composition API has become more straightforward with this course offered on Udemy. The course participants will be provided a comprehensive curriculum, beginning from the basic concepts and moving on to more complex topics. 

The learners will work with real-world projects and demo projects. However, it may be more suitable for learners with fundamental knowledge of JavaScript or experience working with other frontend frameworks.

At the end of the course, the learners will gain experience building Vue.js applications ranging from smaller projects to large enterprise level applications and understand how to leverage Vue for multi and single-page applications, the theory behind Vue, and the latest composition API. 

Some of the key concepts that are covered includes:

  • Introduction
  • Basic and Core Concepts: DOM Interaction with Vue
  • Rendering Conditional Content and Lists
  • Project
  • Vue: Behind the Scenes
  • Introducing Components
  • Moving to a Better Development Setup and Workflow with the Vue
  • Component Communication
  • Diving Deeper into Components
  • Animations and Transitions
  • Vuex and Authentication
  • Optimization and Deploying Vue Apps
  • Vue Advanced Concepts

Instructor: Maximillian Schwarmuller

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 48 hours and 50 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 49,258

Price: $69.6

2. Learn Vue.js – Codecademy

Learn Vue.js – Codecademy

Vue.js is an upcoming frontend framework, and it is now possible to learn Vue.js online. This is a course that is available on Codecademy. In this training program, the participants will learn all the aspects of the Vue framework and its packages and libraries. In addition, there are hands-on sessions that will guide learners to understand how to create and style forms to handle dynamic data alongside the Vue.js setup. 

The essential features to tackle the complex industrial problem will be covered with the help of multiple projects in the course. The prerequisites include an understanding of object-oriented programming using JavaScript and HTML, and CSS. 

The course contents are:

  • Introduction to Vue
  • Vue Data
  • Vue Forms
  • Styling Elements with Vue

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner

Duration: 3 hours

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Signup

3. Become a Vue.js Developer – LinkedIn Learning

Become a Vue.js Developer – LinkedIn Learning

This learning path includes multiple online courses on Vue.js ranging from essential training to advanced concepts. It is offered on the LinkedIn Learning platform. The learners will explore the concepts on how to build robust web applications using Vue.js and the wide range of possibilities and components that allow building a framework-driven application with structures, templates, data binding, and much more. Furthermore, the learners will understand various aspects of secured applications and how to combine Vue.js with other technologies. 

The course contents are:

  • Learning Vue.js
  • Vue.js Essential Training
  • Vue.js: Building an Interface
  • Building Vue and Node Apps with Authentication
  • Vue.js: Full-Stack Applications with Firebase
  • Learning Vuex

Instructor: Michael Sullivan, Ray Villalobos, and Alexander Zanfir

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 14 hours

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: 1-Month Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

4. Vue.js Fundamentals – Pluralsight

Vue.js Fundamentals – Pluralsight

This course is ideal for learners seeking to upgrade their skill set with Vue.js fundamentals. It is available on Pluralsight. First, the learners will delve into the modern web application development concepts, followed by the frontend development frameworks. Next, the learners will deep dive into the basics of Vue.js and gain knowledge about developing robust production-ready Vue.js apps with various components from scratch. In addition, the concepts on Vue CLI and associated functions that allow effective communication between components are covered in-depth. 

Finally, the learners will learn to create routes for navigating between pages and manage the state, and communicate with the server using Vuex with custom directives. Besides, the learners will also work on the deployment phase of an application in the production environment. 

The course contents are:

  • Getting Started with Vue.js CLI
  • Creating Vue.js Components and Using Template Syntax
  • Enabling Inter-Component Communication
  • Routing Page to Page
  • Managing State and Server Communication with Vuex
  • Creating Custom Directives and Filters
  • Deploying Vue Application to Production

Instructor: Jim Cooper

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 5 hours and 40 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 275

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

5. Vue.js Essentials with Vuex and Vue Router – Udemy

Vue.js Essentials with Vuex and Vue Router – Udemy

This course is available on Udemy. In this online learning program, the learners will build their fundamental skills and then proceed with Vuex and Vue router concepts. 

Additionally, the learners will understand the uses of the state management framework and how it helps fetch, store, and move data around the application. Furthermore, the learners will understand the Vue router to navigate users in single-page applications. 

Finally, the concepts on the inner working associated with Vuex and the Vue router will be explored with multiple practical examples. 

Some of the critical takeaways include:

  • Ability to produce dynamic and responsive applications using Vue.
  • Gaining knowledge about uploading images to a remote server with drag and drop functions.
  • Uses of OAuth2 Authentication for the users.
  • Vue CLI and reduction of codes using Template Directives.
  • Communication between various components with Props and Events.
  • Updating Vue components using reactive data properties.
  • Programming to navigate users with Vue Router.
  • Modeling application data.
  • Local storage and developer tools.

Instructor: Stephen Grider

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 10 hours and 23 minutes

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 2314

Price: $69.6

6. Single Page Applications with Vue.js – Pluralsight

Single Page Applications with Vue.js – Pluralsight

This online training program on Vue.js is available on Pluralsight. The learners will explore the concepts on a single page application and learn to build them using flexible components of the framework. 

In addition, the learners will understand the setup environment, the build processes required for developing the applications. Furthermore, there will be concepts covering single file components, routing, and API communication functionalities, including the plugins for efficient development. 

The learners will learn about state management and the server-side rendering requirements for faster and more manageable applications. Besides, the testing and deployment concepts will be covered thoroughly for learners to understand the entire production process in a real-time development environment. 

The course contents are:

  • Environmental Setup
  • Single File Components
  • Routing
  • State Management, Mutations, Communication Through Events and Triggering Actions
  • API Communication and Authentication
  • Server-Side Rendering
  • Testing and Deployment
  • GitHub

Instructor: Bill Stavroulakis

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 3 hours and 10 minutes

User Review: 4.0/5

No. of Reviews: 113

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

7. Learn Vue.js – Full Course for Beginners – Lead Academy

This is one of the comprehensive courses on Vue.js among several online learning platforms. It is available for enrollment on the Lead Academy platform. In this training program, the learners will begin with the essentials of JavaScript and deepen their knowledge with various concepts on Vue.js. 

The course is easy to follow, and it includes high-quality study materials and follow-along practical sessions. Besides, there are no prerequisites and the emphasis on building solid foundation and developer skills for application development using the Vue.js framework. The participants need to sign up to obtain the information for more details on the certification, pricing, and the detailed curriculum.

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner

Duration: 3 hours

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 462

Price: Pricing details available on the signup

8. Vue.js: Testing and Debugging – LinkedIn Learning

Vue.js- Testing and Debugging – LinkedIn Learning

This course is offered on LinkedIn Learning. In this tutorial, the learners will understand the testing and debugging requirements for the applications before the deployment. In addition, the concepts such as Jest, ESLint and browser dev tools are covered in-depth to test the applications’ frontend interfaces. 

Moreover, the learners will learn about well-tested codes and their importance and delve into the setup of the testing tools. Furthermore, unit testing using testing strings, organizing tests, and testing asynchronous code are important concepts covered with hands-on sessions. 

Finally, the concepts to test Vue.js components and the uses of Chrome-based Dev tools and Vue.js Dev tools are practically demonstrated with follow-along examples to test the applications. There are also specific concepts on functional and automated testing in Cypress and CircleCI that provide learners with a comprehensive idea of the debugging process in production.

 The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Setting up Testing Tools
  • Unit Testing
  • Testing Vue Components
  • Debugging with Vue and Chrome Developer tools
  • Functional and Automated Testing
  • Conclusion

Instructor: Fikayo Adepoju

Level: Intermediate

Duration: NA

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: 1-Month Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

9. Build Web Apps with Vue JS 3 and Firebase – Udemy

Building Web Apps with Vue JS 3 and Firebase – Udemy

This online program is available on Udemy. In this course, the learners will get started with full-stack application development with Vue.js and Firebase. 

The learners will build the fundamental skills with the basics and work towards creating a full-functional Vue application. There are advanced concepts on Vue router and single page applications alongside the uses of Vue CLI for running the larger applications much faster. In addition, the learners deep dive into the latest features of Vue, including the Composition API and functions. Finally, the concepts of Firebase are covered to provide knowledge on how it acts as a feature-packed backend for Vue applications.

Moreover, the learners will gain insight to approach web development with a different perspective and include new features such as real-time data retrieval and advanced authentication to the applications. In addition, multiple projects will be created with a follow-along hands-on session to build the programming experience of the learners. The prerequisites of the course include a basic understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. 

The course content includes:

  • Introduction and Setup
  • Vue Basics
  • The Vue CLI
  • Project
  • Forms and Data Binding
  • Vue Router Basics
  • Fetching Data
  • The Composition API
  • Async Code and Routing using Composition API
  • Firebase Databases
  • Building and Deploying
  • Firebase Security Rules
  • Projects and Extra Lessons with More Resources

Instructor: The Net Ninja (Shaun Pelling)

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 29 hours and 48 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 5374

Price: $69.6

10. Building Web Apps with Vue – Pluralsight

Building Web Apps with Vue – Pluralsight

This is the suggested learning path for Vue.js that includes multiple courses to gain expertise. It is available on Pluralsight. The learners of this course will cover various aspects of Vue.js, such as user interfaces and single-page applications. 

In addition, the learners will explore various features, the architecture, and the core libraries that ensure the application’s efficiency. The concepts like routing and state management are covered in detail, including the packages for allowing developers to create faster and reliable applications. 

At the end of the course, the learners will gain mastery with the setup of the Vue environment, Vue CLI, Vue Forms, Router, Vuex, and testing and debugging requirements. Besides, the learners will have hands-on experience and knowledge to build applications with exciting animations and include authentication and authorization for more security of the applications. The prerequisites of the course include working knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The course contents are:

Course 1: Vue. js-Big Picture

The first course provides an overview of Vue and its subtopics. In this tutorial, the learners will understand the features, uses, capabilities, and limitations. Furthermore, the concepts on the libraries in the Vue ecosystem are covered in-depth, and learners are provided with how to use Vue for prototyping.

Course 2: Getting Started

The learners will explore various design components, display data, present lists and inputs in this course. In addition, the learners will understand how to handle user interactions, navigate views, manage data, and the essential tools for efficient development using Vue. The concepts on creating and running an application with the help of Vue CLI, data binding features, and the building blocks of the applications are provided in-depth.

Course 3: Developing Faster with Vue CLI

The course provides the essential concepts on developing faster with Vue CLI and developer tools. From installation to understanding the various outcomes of Vue CLI for building apps, libraries, and web components are mainly the focus areas of the course. In addition, the learners will understand unit testing and extending Vue apps with plugins.

Course 4: Building Forms with Vue

The fourth course of the learning path includes the concepts on building forms with Vue. The creation of forms for accepting user inputs, composing forms from multiple components, and the uses for building complex and enterprise-ready Vue applications are covered in the entire tutorial.

Course 5: Vue Router

As modern applications continue to evolve, the complexity of these applications requires multiple components for a seamless experience. This idea is the primary theme of the course, and the concepts on the Vue router, the configurations using the Vue router for applications are covered essentially. Next, the learners delve into managing components state using the router and the uses of props to components. Furthermore, access route parameters and route change events for updating the component state are some critical areas explored with hands-on sessions for a deeper understanding of the concepts. Finally, the learners will work on interacting with Vue Router API programmatically using JavaScript.

Course 6: State Management with Vuex

This course in the learning path is primarily focused on managing and storing the client-side application state and handling the interaction with the service using APIs. The learners deep dive into the concepts of Vuex and learn to use it for managing the application state in Vue.js apps. Additionally, the learners will understand how to safely retrieve data and change the data in the store with mutation functionalities. Besides, the concepts of integrating external APIs for retrieving and storing data on the backend server, including some advanced state management concepts, are provided in this course.

Course 7: Testing Vue Components with Jest

The course focuses on providing the critical concepts on the Vue application, testing existing components with Jest, integrating mocks and snapshots, and async tests to create a reliable testing suite. At the same time, the learners will also undergo various practical sessions to understand how to integrate Jest enabled projects for reducing the effort and time for deploying the applications.

Course 8: End-to-End Vue Testing with Cypress

This part of the learning path proceeds towards some advanced concepts and leverages Cypress to test web applications written with Vue. 

Course 9: Creating Animations with Vue

The course transitions into more advanced animation concepts to create engaging websites and web applications using the Vue JavaScript framework. Additionally, there are key animation features and transition components that are demonstrated with hands-on sessions. Furthermore, the learners delve into concepts such as animation notifications, keyframes, list transitions, and creating and leaving transitions. Finally, the learners will understand how to create reusable animated Vue components.

Course 10: Vue Authentication and Authorization

This course explores the critical concepts of securing applications with authentication and authorization to prevent malicious activities. The learners will explore various authentication methods and how to add them to the Vue applications with the help of an identity provider. There are additional concepts on Octa, AuthO, and Firebase that are covered in-depth.

Course 11: Preparing a Vue App for Internationalization

This course aims to provide some of the crucial factors for preparing a Vue app for adjusting to different locales. In addition, the learners will cover various packages and customization for translation options, allowing more scope of the applications by internationalizing the applications.

Course 12: Deploying Static Vue Applications: Playbook

The final course is targeted at providing learners with the best approach towards deployment. The learners will understand the deployment of static Vue applications and explore AWS options and Azure for deployment. Finally, the learners will dive deep into publishing their applications using Vercel.

Instructor: Daniel Stern, John Papa, Shawn Wildermuth, Nertil Poci, Jim Cooper, Marko Vajs, Eduardo Freitas, Yaser Mehraban, Mateo Prigl, and Jeremy Morgan

Level: Intermediate/Advanced

Duration: 23 hours and 7 minutes

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 621

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

11. Complete Vue.js 3 (Inc. Composition API, Vue Router, Vuex) – Udemy

Complete Vue.js 3 (Inc. Composition API, Vue Router, Vuex) – Udemy

The course is offered on Udemy. In this online program, the learners will cover the fundamentals of Vue.js 3 and understand the difference between the traditional way of creating Vue apps and the new available features. The concepts of Composition API are covered in-depth, and the learners will learn how to mix it with the Options API. Furthermore, the learners will explore the concepts on Vuex and Vue Router and their uses for making development faster. Various use-cases are provided in the course for gaining deeper insights into the uses of the new features for building applications. Finally, the learners will learn about communication, data storage, and statement management of the applications. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • User Signup Forms with Validation
  • Composition Fundamentals
  • Vue Router Fundamentals
  • Vuex Fundamentals
  • Projects
  • Final Capstone Project

Instructor: Lachlan Miller

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 5 hours and 44 minutes

User Review: 4.5/5

No. of Reviews: 478

Price: $30.4


The web and mobile application development market is rapidly evolving each year. With such immense demand for applications, it is evident that modern applications have become complex. To provide all the functionalities and features to meet the user demands can become burdensome for developers.

Frameworks like Vue.js ensure easy and faster development with primary animation features, interactive web interface, animations, and security while maintaining a shorter deployment time. Additionally, the ease of use, learning, and quality documentation and tutorials have made Vue.js one of the latest trends in the development market. Vue.js allows for easy integration into more significant projects for frontend development without any complications.

Vue comprises the necessary qualities and features that developers thrive for to achieve a smoother development phase with easy debugging methods to create high-performing applications.

It is no surprise that Vue remains one of the most sought-after skill sets as per the recent market trends. Therefore, aspiring developers and experienced professionals looking for good career growth should upskill themselves with Vue.js skills to achieve some of the best job roles in the application development industry for a fruitful and successful career.

The Leitner system is a learning technique proposed by Sebastian Leitner. It involves using flashcards to help students learn and memorize new and challenging information. Students have to use various study methods or try a few to see which ones work for them. 

This method is perfect for subjects that require the memorization of terms and their definitions. The Leitner system is an example of the implementation of spaced repetition using flashcards. 

Much research has been conducted to determine how spaced repetition improves the learning process of students. Many experts agree that using flashcards helps boost memory capacity and cognitive function as it requires learners to retrieve information from memory.

The usual flashcard system, which involves creating a stack of cards and just going through them every once in a while, is a valid study method in itself. However, doing this is not a guarantee that a student will memorize all of the terms. There are words that will be easier to remember compared to others.

Related reading: How to Use the Feynman Learning Technique to Study more Effectively


Before getting into the system, students have to do a few steps to prepare. First, choose a topic or concept to study. Next, create a stack of flashcards. Write a concept or term on each one. Prepare 3 to 5 boxes with study periods (every day, every other day, once a week, etc.). You can use fewer boxes, but for the purposes of this article, we will use 5.

How it Works 

All flashcards start at Box 1. On the first day of study, go through each flashcard. Every time you get a flashcard right, move it to the next box, and if you get it wrong, move it to Box 1. If at any point during this study period, you feel the need to add a flashcard, create one, and put it in Box 1.

Box 1 – everyday

Box 2 – every other day

Box 3 – once week

Box 4 – once bi-weekly

Box 5 – review before the test

This means, every time you get one wrong, you will encounter it more frequently, and if you get a flashcard right, you will see it less often. This system is an application of spaced repetition and gives the student a chance to prioritize the card they got wrong. Based on the schedule above, students can create a weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly schedule.

What makes the Leitner system unique is the schedule that determines how frequently the flashcards need to be reviewed. The idea is to practice by quizzing oneself over and over until the term or concept is memorized. Putting flashcards in specific boxes determines which words you should focus your attention on.  

More difficult flashcards and newly introduced ones need to be encountered frequently; less difficult flashcards should be shown once in a while. Overall, each flashcard should be encountered a couple of times before an exam.

The Leitner System, Spaced Repetition, Active Recall 

Reading the same set of words on a sheet of paper over and over a couple of hours a day is a passive approach to memorizing. Spaced repetition is an active approach and is the core principle of the Leitner system. Students go through each box over a given period of time in spaced intervals.

Essentially, when students utilize the Leitner system, they are doing spaced repetition and active recall. A double whammy of sorts in terms of maximizing a student’s learning opportunity.



The Leitner system is just one of many study tools and techniques that is out there—each one having their own pros and cons. Here is a rundown of the benefits of the Leitner system, with a brief explanation of each:

    It is a systematic approach to using flashcards. Flashcards have always been an effective study tool, especially for memorization. In fact, it’s one of the reasons why preschool and early childhood teachers use it when teaching students basic things like the alphabet, numbers, and colors. However, one of its disadvantages is that it is time-consuming to make (you have to prepare flashcards one by one unless you’re using digital flashcards), and students are expected to go through each one at random.  

    Students will be forced to focus on the difficult items first, prioritizing which ones to devote additional study time to. A student has to keep encountering the same flashcard repeatedly until they get it right. This is where spaced repetition comes in. Because this system requires students to follow a schedule and engage certain words often, they are given ample time to forget before they’re tasked to recall again.

    Good for exam preparation. When students use flashcards, they are essentially quizzing themselves. This makes for good exam preparation.

    It allows students to become more efficient with their study time. One disadvantage of going through flashcards randomly (without a system) is that you may end up getting cards that you already know the answer to. The Leitner system filters out the flashcards based on the level of mastery.

    Increase the rate of learning. People learn through repetition—this is precisely what is happening with the Leitner system. By going through flashcards over and over and quizzing yourself, it keeps the brain very active.

    Covers all topics. Although the frequency of encountering flashcards varies, this system guarantees that each card is encountered at least a few times.

    Well-paced learning. Their mastery of it determines the pace with which a student encounters terms.

When to Use the Leitner System 

The Leitner System is best used when trying to memorize facts and learn new information. This is particularly useful for subjects that require students to remember. However, it’s also recommended for topics where students could use more help.

Start preparing the flashcards as early as possible in the semester. Prepare some flashcards every time you move to a new chapter. Teachers usually give students advance notice regarding exams (usually written in the syllabus). Use this to your advantage. Prepare your boxes and your deck of flashcards early.

Students need to practice the Leitner system over several weeks, so this is definitely not appropriate for cramming. However, if you have a lot to study for, it’s worth putting in the extra effort, especially for a subject that you find difficult. If it’s too much work, then use this method for specific subjects and topics only.

This system is perfect for memorizing, so it’s good to use it in conjunction with study methods that help build comprehension. The Leitner system is very promising. The beauty of this system is that it is very thorough. No flashcard will go uncovered.

Use Technology 

Making flashcards and finding physical boxes can be time-consuming and wasteful of resources. Some apps and websites create flashcards such as Anki, Tiny Cards, Flash Cards Deluxe, Memrise, and Mnemosyne Project. 

Common among these apps is their customizability. For example, you can make a set of flashcards, create your own designs, and create a schedule so that you can review them on specific days. In addition, some apps allow users to customize the time between flashcards, which adds another challenge to students. Anki, in particular, will enable users to rate the difficulty of a card, which will influence the frequency of encountering that card. 

On a practical note, using apps and websites is a paperless option. Some websites have apps and can be synced across devices. Students can review anywhere. It’s efficient, it saves on paper, and it’s space-saving. No need to lug around stacks of flashcards if you’re on the move!

A Case for Active Learning

When students use the Leitner system, they are effectively using a cocktail of the best active learning methods known today. Much has been said about finding the best notetaking methods and which techniques to utilize to read faster, but it takes particular strategies to ensure that learning takes place. It takes a lot more than pretty, pastel-colored notes to ensure that a student has learned the course content and is prepared for an exam. 

As tempting as it is to spend endless hours hunched over textbooks and notes, the best way to encourage learning and understanding is through active learning methods.

Perfect for Older Students

The Leitner system is ideal for students taking further studies—law, medicine, MBA, etc. These courses demand a lot of time for studying and memorization, and mastery of concepts. I have seen many students lose sleep because they read books and notes word-for-word, memorizing the jargon and other facts. 

At this level, students have to have a solid study routine that prepares them for actual practice so that they can quickly recall information. Having a set of flashcards and using the Leitner system will constantly test them. Even if they don’t have exams to prepare for, they will have the tools and strategies to keep information fresh in their brain. 

Final Thoughts 

Using the Leitner system helps students meet their learning goals by having a study routine and utilizing the appropriate techniques to master a topic. This method includes a lot of steps and can be quite tedious, but it is rewarding because if students commit to it, they can reap the many benefits of using the Leitner system.


Smartphones and tablets have become ubiquitous. From office tasks to education, music, fitness, and entertainment, all are available through the applications for the users at the palm of their hands. The inclusion of innovative features provided by various applications ensures multiple benefits for the users and dramatically transforms how several tasks are performed today. As a result, the need for Android developers has surged in the industry and is likely to maintain the upward trend for a long time to come. 

Besides the tech leaders, many startups are emerging in the Android development market that offer competitive salaries to the most skilled Android developers to capture a large chunk of the market share in the application development for the Android platform. Such companies are looking for adept programmers who can design, build applications and embed them with advanced features and functionalities to draw the users’ interests with exciting features. 

Today, the Android development industry is proliferating and expected to be worth a staggering $6.3 trillion in 2021, leading several exceptional app developers to stand out and enter the elite millionaire clubs. For those looking for a switch in their career or brainstorming career prospects, now is the most opportune moment to upskill themselves with Android development skills and deep dive into an exciting and future-proof career.

Related reading: Top 13 iOS App Development Courses

1. Android App Development Specialization by Vanderbilt University – Coursera

Android App Development Specialization by Vanderbilt University – Coursera

This is an Android developer specialization program offered on Coursera. The course enables learners to implement core Java programming languages and various features and software patterns required for developing and maintaining mobile applications. 

In addition, the concepts of core Android components and the fundamentals of Java I/O and persistence mechanisms are covered in depth. A capstone project in the final module requires learners to build an Android application using Java programming features, Android studio tools, Android activity components, material design, unit testing, and software pattern concepts covered throughout the course. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Java for Android
  • Android App Components- Intents, Activities, and Broadcast Receivers
  • Android App Components- Services, Logic IPC, and Content Providers
  • Engineering Maintainable Android Apps
  • Capstone for Android App Development

Instructor: Dr. Jerry Roth, Michael Walker, Dr. Jules White, Dr. Julie L. Johnson, and Dr. Douglas C. Schmidt

Level: Beginner

Duration: 5 Months

User Review: 4.5/5

No. of Reviews: 2572

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

2. Programming Mobile Applications for Android Handheld Systems: Part 1 and Part 2 – Coursera

Programming Mobile Applications for Android Handheld Systems- Part 1 and Part 2 – Coursera

This is a two-part online course offered by the University of Maryland on Coursera (part 1/part 2). In the first part of the training program, the learners will delve into the design and implementation of Android applications for mobile devices. 

The concepts on app development, the Android studio setup, and various activities associated with a user interface to make apps run smoother and enhance user experience are covered precisely with hands-on sessions. However, it is expected that the learners have basic knowledge of Java for this course.

For the second part of this certificate program, the learners will build upon the previous concepts and learn about handling notifications, multimedia and graphics, and the inclusion of touch and gestures in the applications. Furthermore, critical GUI elements, user interface concepts are covered comprehensively. There are practical sessions for each module to build the programming experience of the learners. 

The course curriculum includes:


  • Android Platform and Development Environment
  • Application Fundamentals and the Activity Class
  • Intents, Permissions, and Fragments
  • User Interface Classes
  • Build from Scratch Assignment


  • Threads and Networking
  • User Notifications, Broadcast Receivers, and Alarms
  • Graphics, Touch, and Multimedia
  • Sensors, Location and Maps, and Data Management
  • Build from Scratch Capstone Project

Instructor: Dr. Adam Porter

Level: Intermediate

Duration: Part 1:28 hours/Part 2:20 hours

User Review: Part 1: 4.6/5, Part 2: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 638 and 170 respectively

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

3. Android Certification Training Course – Edureka

This Android certification training is offered on Edureka. Among various online courses, this training program stands out as it is certified by Google. The certified program aligns with Google’s vision of training high-quality mobile developers for the industry.

The learners will cover various aspects of Android development, from basics to the most complex topics. In addition, there are interactive sessions and hands-on projects that are mandatory to be completed.

Moreover, the learners will understand the Android Studio setup, Android architecture, the Android development tools and learn about the integration of mobile apps with social media networks and various Google features such as Google Drive and Google Maps.

Finally, the learners will explore the concepts on how to optimize the app user experience. However, there are prerequisites for the course’s participants that include proficiency with Java basics and core Java knowledge. 

At the end of the course, the learners will gain mastery over the concepts such as:

  • Activity Lifecycle, DDMS, Android Studio, Drawables, Listeners, and Android Development Tools
  • Various Layouts and Widgets and Event Receivers in Android Applications
  • Communicate between Fragments and Activities
  • Creating Interactive Applications with Audio, Video, and Animation
  • Dynamic Web Application with JSON and SOAP
  • Displaying Current Location in a Google Map
  • Creating Applications using SQLite Database and Third-Party Libraries
  • Integrating Facebook, Dropbox, and Google Drive in Existing Android Application
  • Publishing Application in Google Play Store

Instructor: Industry Professionals and Google Developers

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 21 hours (Including Self-paced and Instructor-led Sessions)

User Review: 5/5

No. of Reviews: 62,000

Price: $165

4. Android App Development for Complete Beginners – Skillshare

Android App Development for Complete Beginners – Skillshare

The course is offered on the Skillshare platform. In this training program, the learners will explore the user interface, Android Studio setup, and the essentials for building interactive applications. There is also a session on installation and testing the application on Android devices. Besides, there is no prior programming experience required. 

For learners interested in gaining more knowledge of mobile application development with advanced concepts, they can enroll for the extension of this course, which can be accessed from this link

The course contents are:

  • Introduction
  • Installing Android Studio
  • Creating the User Interface
  • Testing the App with the Stimulator
  • Adding Behaviors
  • Testing the App with a Real Device
  • Making the App Interactive and Look Better
  • Conclusion

Instructor: Lee Falin

Level: Beginner

Duration: 38 minutes (Self-Paced)

User Review: Over 80% positive reviews

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

5. Advanced App Development in Android Specialization by Imperial College London – Coursera

Advanced App Development in Android Specialization by Imperial College London – Coursera

This specialization is offered on the Coursera platform. The course is intended for learners with fundamental knowledge in Android app development and the programming language developers use for building mobile applications. T

here are various modules on computer graphics, software development, and virtual reality in Android in this certification. Throughout the course, the learners will cover computer graphic theories, the practical implementations, 3D graphics, OpenGL ES, and the integration of virtual reality features on Android applications to build an immersive app.

 In addition, there are multiple lab sessions provided to build strong programming knowledge of the learners for advanced app development requirements. 

The course modules are:

  • Introduction to Android Graphics
  • Android Graphics with OpenGL ES
  • 3D Graphics in Android: Sensors and VR
  • Advanced App Development
  • Android Capstone

Instructor: Benny Lo

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 4 Months

User Review: 4.0/5

No. of Reviews: 39

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

6. Android Architecture Masterclass – Udemy

Android Architecture Masterclass – Udemy

This is a hands-on course with no prior programming experience required by the learners. It is available for enrollment on Udemy

The learners will explore clean coding concepts and avoid duplication and other associated problems such as random structure packages and singletons that slow down Android projects. In addition, the learners will cover best practices to ensure the long-term quality of Android applications. The essentials of clean architecture, model view X architectural patterns, dependency injection, packages, and logic reusability are covered in-depth.

 At the end of this course, the learners will understand writing clean and readable codes, incorporating features in small and decoupled classes to be organized as a meaningful package, and discovering the roles of activities and fragments in Android applications. 

The course contents are:

  • Architecture
  • MVx Architectural Patterns
  • Review of Android Architecture Blueprint
  • MVx in Android
  • MVC Basics
  • Dependency Injection
  • Controller
  • Packages Structure
  • Nested MVC Views
  • Nested MVC Views through Inheritance
  • Nested Controllers
  • Dialogs and Runtime Permissions

Instructor: Vasiliy Zukanov

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 7 hours and 5 minutes

User Review: 4.8/5

No. of Reviews: 953

Price: $69.6

7. Become an Android Kotlin Developer Nanodegree Program – Udacity

Mastering Android app development with modern programming language has become easy with this course on Udacity.

Another critical benefit of this certification is the collaboration with Google, which guarantees learners to build top-industry level skills to build more concisely. Besides, the learners will gain insights into the best practices, the Android studio, Android Jetpack, and Kotlin programming language to build applications for mobile devices running on Android OS. Furthermore, the video lectures are designed to be easy for learners to follow in terms of the theoretical aspects and practical sessions with a follow-along approach. 

Finally, the learners will cover essential concepts on Android UI components, navigable interfaces, use of APIs, enhancing app functionality with robust notification features, and adding location and Google features such as Google Maps in the applications. 

The course contents are:

  • Developing Android Apps Part 1 and 2
  • Advanced Android Apps with Kotlin Part 1 and 2
  • Capstone Project

Instructor: Dan Galpin, Aleks Haecky, Sean McQuillan, Murat Yener, Chet Hasse, Meghan Mehta, Caren Chang, Lyla Fujiwara, Asser Samak, Joshua Donlan, Kevin Moore, Jesus Valdez, Aida Issayeva, and Mohamed Habib

Level: Intermediate/Advanced

Duration: 4 Months

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: Monthly Access: $310 and 4-month Access: $1056 (Approximately)

8. Android Basics by Google – Udacity

This is a nanodegree program on the Udacity platform. With the curriculum developed by Google, this online course is ideal for aspiring Android developers that have no prior programming experience. 

The learners will build real-world skills to build and accelerate the performance of the apps and understand the Android user interface, the functionalities for user inputs to add more interactivity, and discover the power of APIs in development. Besides, the learners will also delve into the concepts of multi-screen applications and add images, audio and animations to the applications to enable visual changes in case of touch events. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Android Basics: User Interface
  • Android Basics: User Input
  • Multi-Screen Applications
  • Networking
  • Capstone

Instructor: Katherine Kuan, Jessica Lin, Jennie Kim Eldon, Asser Samak, Lyla Fujiwara, Joe Lewis, Vicky Tu, and Chris Lei

Level: Beginner

Duration: 3 Months

User Review: 4.8/5

No. of Reviews: 1850

Price: Monthly Access: $310 and 3-month Access: $792.6(Approximately)

9. Leveraging the Power of Android Platform – Pluralsight

Leveraging the Power of Android Platform – Pluralsight

The course is offered on Pluralsight. This advanced certification program focuses on enabling learners to understand modern Android application development and their background behaviors that extend beyond the user interactivity. The training program offers concepts that allow understanding how to use powerful features of the Android platform to incorporate such advanced behaviors. 

First, the learners will cover the concepts related to the Android threading model, Async tasks, handlers, and StrictMode to perform long-running tasks in the background without impacting the user experience. Next, the learners will discover various Android services for background activities that can be performed safely despite exiting the application.

Furthermore, specific concepts on the Android job scheduler for creating background jobs and networking requirements are covered in depth. In addition, job delegation in the Android system for efficient management and execution and the uses of Android broadcast and the broadcast receivers for publishing information is explored for comprehensive knowledge building. 

Finally, the learners will delve into time-sensitive tasks, and their scheduling with the help of Android Alarm Manager is also covered. 

The course contents are:

  • Understanding the Android Threading Model
  • Performing Background Work with Services
  • Scheduling Background Work with Job Scheduler
  • Working with Broadcast Receivers
  • Using Alarms for Time-Sensitive Tasks

Instructor: Jim Wilson

Level: Advanced

Duration: 3 hours and 2 minutes

User Review: 5/5

No. of Reviews: 43

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

10. Become an Android Mobile App Developer – LinkedIn Learning

Become an Android Mobile App Developer – LinkedIn Learning

This Android development learning path includes eleven courses and is available for enrollment on LinkedIn Learning. In this program, the learners will begin from the fundamental concepts on Android development and progress ahead to advanced concepts, including the tools, Android Studio setup, the Google Play app store, and more. 

The learners will explore storing data, connecting to web services, testing the applications, and distributing the Android app. In addition, the learners will work on various hands-on assignments that will build essential skills on adding features for navigation and the user interface. Furthermore, the learners will also work with modern programming languages such as Kotlin for Android development. 

Finally, the learners will deep dive into the concepts of the Android app development lifecycles, the Android architecture required for high-quality Android applications, animations, managing data, APIs, and connecting Android applications to the cloud. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Android Studio Essential Training
  • Android Development Essential Training: First App with Kotlin
  • App Architecture with Kotlin
  • Data Management with Kotlin
  • Distributing Apps with Java
  • Fragments API with Java
  • Animations and Transitions with Java
  • Building an Android App with Architecture Components
  • Android Development: Retrofit with Java
  • Advanced Android Espresso Training

Instructor: David Gassner, Jon-Luke West, and Chiu-Ki Chan

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 23 hours (Self-Paced)

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: 1-Month Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

11. Certified Android App Developer Training – Simplilearn

The course is available on Simplilearn. This is a Google authorized Android development training program that includes key concepts on the Android environment, its architecture, user interfaces, activities, controls, layouts, services, multimedia, APIs, and more. 

The learners will gain development experience over practical sessions and complete six Android applications during the entire course. Besides, this certification program trains learners for the official certification exam for Android App Developers conducted by Google called the “Associate Android Developer Exam.” In addition, the learners will be provided with a single practice test that is in line with the actual certification exam for preparation. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to Android Development
  • Android Activity and Intents
  • Layouts and Controls
  • ListViews and SQLite
  • Services
  • Content Providers
  • UI and Fragments
  • Location and Sensors
  • Multimedia Audio, Video, and Camera
  • Introduction to Google Play
  • Application Development
  • Certified Android App Developer Expert
  • Java Essentials

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: Self-Paced Learning

User Review: 4.6/5

No. of Reviews: 395

Price: Prices available on Sign-Up

12. Developing Android Applications with Kotlin – Pluralsight

Developing Android Applications with Kotlin – Pluralsight

The course is offered on Pluralsight. The primary emphasis of this program is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the concepts on Android views and widgets in Android app development. In addition, the learners will explore customized components to maximize the app’s potential for more outstanding performance. Furthermore, the learners will gain the ability to combine any Android views into compound components and extend the existing views to provide unique styles for the applications. Finally, the concepts on extending view class will be covered in detail. 

The course contents are:

  • Getting Started
  • Creating Compound Components
  • Extending views
  • Creating Custom Views with Kotlin
  • Custom View Positioning and Sizing
  • Making the Custom Views Interactive

Instructor: Brendan Wanlass

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 2 hours and 10 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 18

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

13. The Comprehensive 2021 Android Development Masterclass – Udemy

The Comprehensive 2021 Android Development Masterclass – Udemy

This online course is available on Udemy. The tutorials cover a wide range of current Android development topics, including tools and new features. 

The learners will begin from the foundations of Android development, the Android Studio, and object-oriented programming concepts. All the participants in the course will build applications from scratch using Android Studio and Java programming throughout the modules.

While covering the Java learning fundamentals, the differences between the App development environment and web development will be highlighted for more clarity, alongside the concepts and how Android apps can be connected to the web using JSON and network services. 

In addition, the learners will understand the building blocks, leveraging APIs, Android app design essentials, and Android data binding. Besides, the newest concepts on Android APIs such as ROOM persistence, Firestore Realtime Database, and the ML-Kit for face recognition will be covered in detail. 

The course modules are:

  • Installation
  • Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming with Java
  • Java Inheritance, Data Structure
  • Android Development
  • Android Layouts and MVC Architecture
  • Connecting the Apps to the Web
  • Build a Trivia App
  • Running Android Apps on Physical Devices
  • Persistence in Android and Database
  • SQLite and ROOM Library
  • Android App Architecture and Persistence Layer
  • Android Listviews and Recyclerview Widgets
  • Android Locations, Maps, Sounds, Video, and Animations
  • Android Material Design and Themes and Fragments
  • Monetizing the Android App
  • Publishing the App on Google Play

Instructor: Paulo Dichone

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 49 hours and 33 minutes

User Review: 4.5/5

No. of Reviews: 2789

Price: $69.6

14. Android Java Masterclass – Become an App Developer – Udemy

Android Java Masterclass – Become an App Developer – Udemy

This is another outstanding course on Android development offered on Udemy. In this certification training, the learners will explore the concepts of the Android development tools and the support libraries used to make apps built with newer versions work seamlessly with older versions. 

The learners will understand how to write clean codes for the latest Android version, the configurations, and the Android framework. Moreover, the learners will gain insights into the testing phases of Android applications on an actual Android mobile or tablet. There are concepts on Java programming, including all the latest programming techniques used by top developers. The learners will also understand how to evaluate if the application is working with current and older Android versions on the devices. 

In addition, the concepts on database use, web services, constraint layouts, drag and drop features, and powerful libraries for integrating videos, website data, images, and animations are covered with thorough hands-on sessions. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Download and Setup
  • The Button Counter App
  • Java Tutorials
  • Multiple App Creation Hands-on Sessions
  • Databases and the Fragment Lifecycle
  • Multiple Tables
  • Source Codes and Resources

Instructor: Tim Buchalka and Jean-Paul Roberts

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 60 hours and 23 minutes

User Review: 4.4/5

No. of Reviews: 9644

Price: $69.6

15. Testing and Debugging with Android Studio and Gradle – Pluralsight

Testing and Debugging with Android Studio and Gradle – Pluralsight

The training program is offered on Pluralsight. Android apps require to support a wide variety of devices and Android SDK versions while maintaining the performance and stability of the applications. Therefore, this course aims to provide the testing and debugging fundamentals with Android Studio and Gradle. The learners will understand how to leverage debugging tools across various developmental cycles to shorten the overall development time. 

In addition, the learners will explore how to automate testing for the apps to find the bugs early in the development phase itself. Furthermore, the learners will explore configurations, create multiple build variants for the apps, and include external libraries using Gradle. 

Finally, the learners will learn about the uses of Logcat and debugger tools in Android Studio to resolve various development issues and add The course contents are:

  • Creating and Configuring a Project with Android Studio
  • Configuring Build Variants and Dependencies Using Gradle
  • Using Logcat for Debugging
  • Using Android Studio Debugger and Breakpoints
  • Implementing Local Unit Tests
  • Implementing Instrumented and UI Tests

Instructor: Nitin Singh

Level: Beginner

Duration: 2 hours and 12 minutes

User Review: NA

No. of Reviews: NA

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

16. Enhancing the Android Application Experience – Pluralsight

Enhancing the Android Application Experience – Pluralsight

The course is available on Pluralsight. In this online certification program, the course participants will explore the concepts of providing a high-quality user experience for Android applications. The contents of this course will serve as a guide for developers aiming to add new features to the applications without disrupting the user experience. 

First, the concepts on card-based lists using Recyclerview and Cardview are covered in-depth. Next, the learners will explore how to improve the options menus and app bar actions. In addition, the options to expand the application navigation using NavigationDrawer are covered with the help of practical sessions.

Additionally, the learners’ deep dive into application reliability concepts, including creating automated UI tests and enriching the application appearance with the help of resources, styles, and themes. 

Finally, the learners will discover how to include user-customizable behavior with Shared Preferences and setting screens. The course curriculum includes:

  • Designing and Planning the App
  • Working with RecyclerView and CardView
  • Binding Data to RecyclerView
  • Using Option Menus
  • Working with Navigation Drawer
  • Testing Menu, Navigation Drawer, and Recycler View Behavior
  • Using Drawable and Values Resources
  • Customizing App Appearance with Styles and Themes
  • Creating Settings Screens

Instructor: Jim Wilson

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 4 hours 5 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

No. of Reviews: 111

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)


Android developer roles are highly technical and require proficiency over programming languages to write efficient codes for development. Besides the coding requirements, Android developers must be trendy to provide better design language to the apps to make them more appealing.

Developing top Android applications, requires that developers stay abreast of the latest technology trends in the industry and upskill themselves. In addition, aspirants looking to gain entry into the industry require top-level technical and programming skills with clarity of the relevant concepts.

As the smartphone industry continues to proliferate, there are endless opportunities for Android developers and continuous demand. Therefore, in the quest to achieve a highly competitive job role with a lucrative salary, it is essential to enhance the skills with the latest development standards and best practices and the know-how of modern programming languages.

Thus, existing developers and aspirants aiming for Android app development as a career prospect should add advanced skills from some of the top courses listed in the article that act as value addition to an individual’s career to climb the hierarchical ladder in the shortest time possible.


The Feynman technique is a 4-step study method that aims to help students understand any concept. This method puts emphasis on the active process of learning through inquiry.

It breaks the notion that a person must be an expert when using fancy words and jargon when talking about something.   

The technique is attributed to the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. He was known for his contributions to the field of physics and quantum mechanics. His former students and associates often talked about his ability to explain complex topics in simple terms, making it understandable and less intimidating. He was also known to frequently ask his colleagues to explain concepts in simple language to test their comprehension.

Related reading: How to Study Using Spaced Practice

4 Steps Study Method:

1. Choose a concept to learn:

Take a piece of paper and write the topic on top. Study as much as you can about the subject. Read books, listen to podcasts and lectures. To keep track of your progress, write everything you know on a piece of paper.

2. Teach it to yourself or a person who is not knowledgeable about the subject:

Try to emulate a teacher who is explaining a lesson to a class. Explain the concept from beginning to end. Aside from definitions and explanations, work on sample exercises. If, at any point, you lose your train of thought or your description becomes too wordy, take a pause. This is a sign that there is a knowledge gap.

Try to use simple words. The point of this step is to make the explanation as simple as possible. Being able to explain complex topics in simple terms displays comprehension. A person’s level of understanding can be gauged by their ability to effectively explain something using simple language.

Brevity. Pay attention to how much you spend explaining a concept. Try to imagine yourself explaining this to a child. Children and people who do not know much about a topic have a short attention span—using jargon that does not make sense of them will further distract them from listening. Try to keep your explanations simple and

Reminder: do keep in mind that at this stage, your delivery will not be perfect. There might be factual errors in your explanations, and your “audience” might lose interest sooner than you expect. At this stage, the critical part is to identify your areas for improvement and be aware of what you know and what you don’t know.

3. Identify knowledge gaps, then go back to the source material:

Knowledge gaps are the areas where you struggled to explain concepts wholly and correctly—where you might have gotten information wrong or did not understand as much.

These gaps are not meant to highlight incompetency and weakness; instead, identifying these gaps is intended to be the starting point in correcting your explanation. After identifying gaps, go back to the source material, and use other sources if needed. This step will probably take the most time. You will know it’s time to move on when you can explain the concept in simple terms, from start to end without or with minimal use of jargon. 

4. Organize, simplify:

Organize. By this stage, you will have a lot of notes containing explanations of the concepts. Organize it so that it tells the “story” of the idea, from beginning to end. This time around, you will use simple words and explain the concepts correctly. Should you find yourself using jargon, it will be because it’s the correct term to use. You will be able to explain in simple terms should any questions arise.

Simplify. After collating all your notes, streamline everything. Review your explanations. Identify areas when you got stuck or used highfalutin language, and try to break it down. By this point, you will have a set of neatly organized notes and study materials.  

Impart this knowledge with someone else, preferably to someone who does not know much about the subject. Better yet, discuss this topic with a child. Again, use simple terms and avoid using jargon when explaining to help them understand the concept.

This time around, you can use your own notes as a guide. If your “student” asks questions, take it in stride, as this will illuminate areas where you may need further understanding (which will require you to go back to step 3). Students might ask questions they did not think of asking themselves while studying using this technique.

Why the Feynman Technique Works

Aside from being a highly regarded scientist, Richard Feynman was said to be a great teacher. He could explain incredibly complex concepts using simple language. But, of course, not all subject experts are great teachers.

It takes special skills for an expert to explain complex ideas to a college freshman. This learning technique was named after him because it is how he learned and mastered equations and concepts.

The Feynman technique works because it requires students to break down concepts into simple terms and reconstruct them while staying true to the ideas. Complicated vocabulary and jargon are meaningless if a student can’t explain it in their own words; it would seem like they just memorized those words and concepts without really understanding anything.

To present an idea to a casual listener or a child, students have to force themselves to understand it at a deeper level and make connections so that they can make it understandable to others.

This technique improves students’ learning habits because instead of simply absorbing information, students are forced to engage with the material—study, explain, make mistakes, research, and refine until they finally master the concept.

Why It Is Useful

The Feynman technique can be used at any point during the learning process. It can be used when you want to learn something new, but it can also be helpful if you want to have a deeper understanding of concepts. It is particularly useful when studying for an exam.

Students can test their comprehension of a topic and challenge their assumptions about a subject. It is one thing to understand all the details of a topic or concept in one’s head, but quite another to explain it to someone else.

1. Improving the Learning Process

The Feynman technique promotes active learning by encouraging students to engage with the study material. Students are often asked questions that require them to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of concepts, and this is what happens when students attempt to discuss ideas and topics in simple terms. This level of understanding cannot be achieved through reading, notetaking, and memorization.

The problem with reading and taking notes is that students might unknowingly transcribe words from a book or a lecture without context. Some subjects demand a good amount of memorizing and reading.

For example, subjects like math and science require students to memorize formulas and apply these in exams. Students should incorporate this method into their study sessions to test their understanding of concepts.

2. Awareness Goes A Long Way

One unique feature of the Feynman technique is its ability to shed light on what students have yet to fully understand. During steps 1 and 2, students will get a sense of how much or how little they know of a topic. In a way, the Feynman technique forces people to be aware of what they don’t know, which then encourages students to engage with the concept and content in a way that can fill those gaps—and to do so repeatedly until they understand it.

Students shouldn’t fool themselves into thinking that they’re an expert in the field just because they know a few things about a topic.   

3. Curiosity is Key 

This technique encourages students to ask questions and to find answers themselves using a systematic approach. Once students can identify things that they don’t know, they can start seeking answers to these questions. This method is also applicable to all types of topics.

Final Thoughts

The Feynman technique forces students to engage in learning materials at different levels. Students have to study a concept, explain it well, and consolidate everything so that the student can master a concept.

In the process, students will be forced to confront the areas in which they are still lacking so that they can improve continuously. In the long run, students can build their confidence about their knowledge of a topic and their ability to learn from others.  

Learning is a many-faceted process, which is why it is best to have a systemic approach. Gone are the days when rote memorization and copying notes was enough.

To be able to master a concept one has to continuously engage with the material in various ways. The Feynman technique is a good technique to use for those who wish to gain full understanding of a topic.


In the ever-evolving technology landscape, portability is of prime importance. Today, most people look for accessibility on the go. The demand for accessing information, online business, shopping, communication, and education is at its peak, giving rise to the need for portable devices.

Among the industry leaders, Apple’s products such as iPhone and iPad are used by millions worldwide. As Apple continues to dominate a significant share of the market amid competition from the Android market, the popularity of Apple products continues to increase over time due to their seamless user experience.

According to Glassdoor reports, out of various types of mobile application developer roles, iOS developers command a lucrative salary structure of average base pay of $98,986, and senior positions are estimated to receive as high as $200,000 in the US. However, there are some reservations among the developers’ community regarding iOS development due to specific requirements such as Mac desktops or MacBook in the development phases, which is expensive compared to Android or Windows-related counterparts. 

Nevertheless, with Apple continuing a consistent growth in the market, it is the opportune moment for aspirants and experienced developers looking for a switch into the Apple industry to gain knowledge of the Apple ecosystem and the programming languages by opting for some of the highly-rated courses to upskill themselves to become one of the leading iOS app developers in the industry.

Related reading: Top 16 Android Development Course

1. Swift 5 iOS Application Developer Specialization – Coursera

Swift 5 iOS Application Developer Specialization – Coursera

Learn Quest offers this course on the Coursera platform. In this iOS development course, the learners will begin with the basics and progress towards deploying their applications on the app store. 

The course is perfect for learners looking to advance their mobile application development careers with expertise in Swift programming language and iOS applications. Throughout this course, the learners will be exposed to a wide range of practical sessions to master their programming skills and understand the Apple ecosystem. The learners will understand how to create user interfaces and interact with user and system data, including tables and concepts on data persistence. 

By the end of the course, the learners will understand the functional applications and their deployment, alongside additional features such as in-app purchases and subscriptions. The learners will be required to showcase their proficiency with programming languages by implementing all the concepts for the final capstone project to achieve the professional certificate. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to Programming in Swift 5
  • Introduction to iOS App Development with Swift 5
  • Tables, Data and Networking in iOS
  • iOS App Store and In-App Purchases

Instructor: Mark Price

Level: Beginner

Duration: 4 Months

User Review: 4.5/5

Price: Free Enrollment (Additional charges for certification may apply)

2. The Complete iOS 12 and Swift Developer Course – Build 28 Apps – Udemy

The Complete iOS 12 and Swift Developer Course – Build 28 Apps – Udemy

The course is available on Udemy. This course covers all the essential concepts of iOS app design and development with clear and concise explanations. First, the learners will cover various aspects of modern iOS app development, including CoreML models’ concepts for image recognition or text passages. Next, the learners will cover the new ARKit for 2D and 3D objects, including Siri Shortcuts to perform complex tasks and other features such as dark mode inclusion in the new versions of macOS. 

At the end of the course, the learners will gain clarity over important concepts for iOS development, such as:

  • XCode and Interface Builder
  • Inputs, Buttons, and Reactive Interfaces
  • Writing Code using Swift Programming Language
  • Variables, Arrays, Tables, and Loops
  • Navigation, Storage, and Live Content
  • Images, Maps, and Music
  • Accelerometers and Motion Feedback
  • Core Data and JSON
  • Online Storage with Parse
  • Games and the Sprite Kit
  • Instagram and Snapchat Clones
  • App Store Submission
  • Marketing Own Applications

Instructor: Rob Percival and Nick Walter

Level: Beginner

Duration: 44 hours and 26 minutes

User Review: 4.5/5


3. How to Make an iOS App: From Drawing Board to App Store – Udacity

This is an advanced course on iOS application development on Udacity. The course provides the essential concepts of building applications from scratch, including brainstorming ideas for publishing on the app store. In addition, the learners will cover the concepts on the UI elements of the design, web APIs, and libraries required for becoming an efficient iOS app developer. 

The course also provides learners with additional information on how to pursue their ideas for building an application and the tips necessary for dealing with events when the code doesn’t perform as intended. Moreover, the learners will understand how to submit on the app store, the challenges in developing iOS applications, and essential tips on monitoring app store feedback. There are prerequisites for this course that includes basic knowledge of iOS persistence and Core data, fundamentals of UIKit, and iOS networking fundamentals with Swift. 

The course contents are:

  • Research App Ideas
  • Build Your App
  • Reflect on the App Development Process

Instructor: Jessica Uelmen

Level: Advanced

Duration: 3 Months

User Review: NA

Price: Free

4. Build an iOS Application – LinkedIn Learning

Build an iOS Application – LinkedIn Learning

This iOS application development learning path comprises three courses that are offered on LinkedIn Learning. First, the course covers essential programming concepts for building iOS applications, including the core design principles and distributing the first iOS application. 

In this course, the learners can cover the basics of iOS development and understand the iOS development environment in-depth. Furthermore, the learners will cover the Swift programming language with hands-on sessions throughout the course. 

In addition, the learners will gain knowledge about the tools, language choices, and high-level concepts for iOS app development. Besides, the learners will explore the frameworks and best practices for building simple native iOS applications and cover the critical concepts of Xcode and UI development. 

The course modules are:

  • iOS App Development: Essential Courses
  • Building your First iOS 13 App
  • iOS 14 Development Essentials

Instructor: Mike Wong, and Todd Perkins

Level: Beginner

Duration: 4 hours

User Review: NA

Price: 1-Month Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

5. Becoming an Xcode Power User – Pluralsight

Becoming an Xcode Power User – Pluralsight

The course is available on Pluralsight. In this course, the learners will build the necessary programming experience to become efficient iOS developers by leveraging Xcode. 

First, the learners will begin with the core concepts of Xcode and the high-level features for more clarity over the programming concepts for building iOS applications. 

Next, the learners will understand the Xcode workflow and learn various features used by experienced iOS developers to be more productive such as refactoring, quick access, code folding, and much more. 

Finally, the learners will cover the concepts of Git with Xcode while developing the software. In addition, the learners will understand customizations and configuration in the workflow by understanding the concepts of custom behavior, code snippets, and code themes required during developmental stages. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Managing Projects and Workspaces in Xcode
  • Building Xcode Projects: Configuring Schemes and Targets
  • Navigating through Xcode
  • Productivity in Xcode
  • Source Control in Xcode
  • Configuring and Customizing Xcode with Key Bindings and Behaviors
  • Making Xcode Work with Code Snippets and Documentation

Instructor: Jonathan Wang

Level: Beginner

Duration: 2 hours and 34 minutes

User Review: 4.7/5

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

6. Build iOS Apps with SwiftUI – Codecademy

This course is available on Codecademy. In this course, the learners will explore the concepts of Swift and the SwiftUI for iOS mobile applications. The learners will cover hands-on lab sessions to enhance their app development skills by implementing every concept from start to finish. In addition, the learners will be provided with guidance on how to publish their apps on the app store. 

The course will allow learners to master the fundamentals and the newest features such as the declarative UI framework, the latest software architecture and design patterns of the Apple ecosystem, and the configuration of the iOS applications. The course will include three major projects besides the hands-on assignments across modules. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • iOS and Swift Foundations
  • Wireframing and Creating a Project in Xcode
  • Building Code History: The User Interface
  • The Question Model
  • The Game Model
  • The Final App
  • Publishing to the App Store

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner

Duration: 10 Weeks

User Review: NA

Price: Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

7. iOS App Development for Beginners – Zenva Academy

iOS App Development for Beginners – Zenva Academy

The course is offered by Zenva Academy. In this course, the learners will cover the fundamentals of iOS development and beginning with the basics of Swift programming language to understand how to build, run and test applications in Apple’s IDE Xcode. Furthermore, the learners will explore how to make faster applications in the Apple development environment. 

At the end of the course, the learners will gain mastery over Swift programming fundamentals, setting up and preparing Xcode, building and testing iOS apps, creating interactive applications with buttons and user input options, and object-oriented programming. 

Furthermore, the course lets learners interact with a large community in this online platform consisting of developers and instructors who participate in elite developer programs and contests across the world. In addition, the learners will be offered source codes and additional resources and notes for a better understanding of the concepts. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Downloading Xcode
  • Exploring Xcode
  • Variables
  • Optional Variables
  • Operations
  • Displaying Text in Apps
  • Arrays
  • Dictionaries
  • Using Multiple Views in Apps
  • If Statements
  • Loops
  • App Logic
  • Functions
  • App Interactivity
  • Classes and Objects
  • User Input – Part 1
  • User Input – Part 2
  • Conclusion  

Instructor: Industry Professionals

Level: Beginner

Duration: 2 hours and 30 minutes (Self-Paced Learning)

User Review: 4.6/5

Price: $50

8. Programming Apps for iPhone – Domestika

Programming apps for iPhone – Domestika

The course is available on the Domestika platform. This course offers the learners how to program iOS applications natively. The course provides step-by-step follow-along concepts with a hands-on session using Objective-C programming language. In addition, the learners will understand the concepts of the software development kit of Apple and learn to build applications from scratch.  

Furthermore, the learners will program and test the applications using Xcode and explore the concepts of the iPhone simulator and the interface builder. Finally, the learners will understand how to create buttons, text boxes, images, and labels for interactivity in the application.

The course also explores some fundamentals of web development to let learners understand how to include menu options and additional features to compose the application using the front-end to make the application publication-ready.

Moreover, the learners will cover the technical details and the publication interface required for publishing the apps on the app store. The project for the course requires learners to build an application with a lower menu consisting of three buttons that will provide access to a list, a map, and a profile screen. There is no prior programming experience required for the course. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • First Tests with Xcode
  • Create the App
  • Upload the App
  • Final Project

Instructor: Valentí Freixanet Genís

Level: Beginner

Duration: 2 hours and 4 minutes (Self-Paced Learning)

User Review: 77% Positive Reviews

Price: 39.90

9. iOS App Development for Complete and Utter Beginners – Skillshare

iOS App Development for Complete and Utter Beginners – Skillshare

The course is offered on the Skillshare platform. This course offers learners the fundamentals of programming for iOS app development, such as variables, functions, and methods.

In addition, the learners will understand the building blocks of iOS development to create applications and software and the plugins available for the applications. Besides, the learners will understand the requirement of interactivity in applications and cover these concepts with hands-on sessions to build an application with submit buttons from the users. 

The learners will also implement the skills and concepts learned from the course to build a fully functional calculator for the Apple app store. The course has advanced concepts that are focused on enabling learners to test their applications using Xcode and to gain comprehensive development experience in the Apple ecosystem.

The learners will explore various setup and iOS simulators for a wide range of Apple products, namely the iPhone, iPad, and the Apple Watch. Moreover, the learners will cover the concepts of connecting iOS graphics to code and additional functionalities to improve the user experience. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction and Setup
  • Setting up Xcode and iOS Simulators
  • Introduction to Programming
  • Using Xcode
  • The Basics of Programming
  • Creating and Running the First App
  • Connecting iOS Graphics
  • Practical Assignments for App Building
  • Calculator App
  • Adding Buttons
  • Final code

Instructor: Grant Klimaytys

Level: Beginner

Duration: 2 hours and 19 minutes (Self-Paced Learning)

User Review: 77% Positive Reviews

Price: Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

10. iOS Debugging Fundamentals – Pluralsight

This course is offered on Pluralsight. In this course, the learners will cover the concepts of debugging iOS applications. The learners will begin with the fundamental concepts, followed by Xcode’s fundamental tools for fixing various iOS applications’ flaws. 

This course emphasizes debugging concepts as these skills will enhance the app development skills to provide bug-free and making them publication-ready on the app store.

The learners will also explore various debugging situations and understand the principles for strategically solving the problems. In addition, the learners will cover the concepts on configuration breakpoints and inspect view hierarchies effectively. 

Finally, the learners will explore the concepts of interpreting a backtrace, glean valuable information from the Xcode debug and console, and learn how to locate changes in the codebase and simulate conditions. 

By the end of the course, the learners will gain mastery over debugging applications, including the cause of defects, with a methodical approach at runtime. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Debugging as Strategic Problem Solving
  • Correcting Unmet Expectations
  • Addressing App Crashes
  • Alleviating Anomalies

Instructor: Andrew Bancroft

Level: Beginner

Duration: 1 hour and 24 minutes

User Review: 5/5

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

11. Building iOS User Interface with SwiftUI – Pluralsight

Building iOS User Interface with SwiftUI – Pluralsight

The course is offered on Pluralsight. This course offers learners essential concepts to build iOS applications with an engaging user interface with the help of Swift, SwiftUI, and Xcode.

The learners will explore the concepts of designing efficient and dynamic applications and the uses of SwiftUI to create flexible user interfaces that perform efficiently across multiple devices.

The learners will cover the concepts of adding user input functionalities and keeping the user interface to sync with user interactions. In addition, the learners will understand how to implement drawings, animations and respond to various gestures.

Finally, the learners will understand the uses of SwiftUI to integrate with Apple frameworks like UIKit. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Designing Interfaces with SwiftUI
  • Handling User Input
  • Bringing Apps to Life with Drawing, Animation, and Gestures
  • Integrating SwiftUI and UIKit

Instructor: Andrew Bancroft

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 3 hours and 15 minutes

User Review: NA

Price: 10-Day Free Trial (Charges may apply after trial. Prices available on Sign-Up)

12. The Complete ARKit Course – Build 11 Augmented Reality Apps – Udemy

The Complete ARKit Course- Build 11 Augmented Reality Apps – Udemy

The course is available on Udemy. In this course, the learners will cover augmented reality concepts and build these apps for the Apple iOS platform.

It provides learners with concepts on creating mobile applications with new experiences with exciting new features.

The course allows learners to understand textures for 3D models, animation and display, camera views, world tracking features, and placing 3D objects on horizontal surfaces, and more for iOS applications. 

This course also offers the source codes of each practical session covered alongside resources for an in-depth understanding of the concepts.

The prerequisites include a basic understanding of Xcode and Swift; however, no ARKit experience is required for the learners. In addition, the learners will require one of the devices ranging from iPhone 6- iPhone 8 or higher. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction to ARKit
  • Xcode and Swift Beginner Crash Course
  • ARKit- Getting Started
  • AR Drawing
  • Textures and Surfaces
  • 3D Models and Hit-Testing
  • Planes
  • Vehicular Physics
  • Distance Measurement
  • AR-Portal
  • Projectiles
  • Collisions

Instructor: Rob Percival, Rayan Slim and Jad Slim

Level: Intermediate

Duration: 9 hours and 28 minutes

User Review: 4.8/5

Price: $100

13. Become an iOS Developer Nanodegree Program – Udacity

This is one of the most comprehensive online courses on iOS development on Udacity. In this course, the learners will master the Swift programming language to build applications for various Apple platforms such as iPhone, iPad, macOS, and much more. 

The learners will begin with the basics of iOS app development, followed by Swift programming concepts and the relevant tools. Furthermore, the learners will also explore the Apple development environment and understand various concepts on layouts, views, UIKit, and other associated platform concepts. In addition, the learners will progress to build complex and advanced iOS applications using features such as networking, Apple’s Grand Central Dispatch, and Core Data. 

Finally, the learners will build ready-to-publish applications as part of the capstone project for the App store. The prerequisites of the course include a basic understanding of programming. In addition, the learners will include their projects on the GitHub profiles, which will be taught separately in this course. 

The course curriculum includes:

  • Introduction
  • Learn Swift Programming
  • Intro to iOS App Development with Swift
  • UIKit Fundamentals
  • Network Requests and GCD
  • Data Persistence
  • Final Project

Instructor: Jarrod Parkes, Gabrielle Miller-Messner, Kate Rotondo, and Owen LaRosa

Level: Beginner/Intermediate

Duration: 6 Months

User Review: 4.6/5

Price: Monthly Access: $308.7 and 6-month Access: $1574.5 (Approximately)


Mobile application development is evolving at a staggering rate. From tablets, mobile phones to smart wearable devices, the market trends highlight the increasing demand for such products with the fast-paced lifestyle. 

At the same time, the market competition between Android and iOS products continues to have an equal demand. However, iOS products have created a distinct name for themselves and are known for excellent user experience and reliable software and applications. Thus, Apple is among the most popular brands, and they continue to benefit from a loyal customer base that does not opt for products besides Apple products. Therefore, Apple continues to evolve as a company, and each year, they aim to provide something new that becomes trendsetters in the industry. 

Such efforts have led to the demand for highly experienced developers to build high-end products and applications to remain competitive in the market. Today, there is a wide range of opportunities for iOS developers with challenging and exciting job roles and career growth. 

Various industry leaders often describe it to gain entry into a market that is at its peak to achieve greater satisfaction, competitive salary, and growth as an individual. Therefore, with tremendous demand for iOS developers, aspirants must look to upskill themselves with proper resources, guidance, and top industry-recognized courses to join the ranks of top iOS app developers in the industry.


Spaced practice is a learning technique wherein a learner studies a given topic over an extended period so that in the long run, the information gets stored in the long-term memory.

Building good study habits is essential because it helps students become better learners. While it’s necessary to prepare for exams well and have high scores, it’s more important that learners develop and expand their learning capacity. It’s a complex process that involves building a healthy daily routine and deploying the necessary strategies to focus, acquire information and retain that information.

Effective studying has a lot to do with content (the material to be studied) and the time spent learning it. One way to do that is through a process called spaced learning.

Related reading: How to Effectively Use Retrieval Practice to Improve Your Learning

How it Works 

Spaced practice is a process that involves planning and following a regular schedule. It is the exact opposite of cramming. Spaced practice means taking that same amount of time and spreading it out over a span of a week or a couple of weeks.

To do this, students have to plan ahead, like months before the start of the school year. The rationale behind starting early is that students have to get used to this pace so that they already have this routine in place by the time the school year starts. Take advantage of the syllabus/course outline that teachers provide at the start of the semester, then make a study plan.

When using spaced practice, students will still study intensely on the weeks leading up to the exam, but it won’t have to be as intense as a 6-hour all-night study marathon. By then, all the information is properly stored in the long-term memory. This means that on the days before the exam, students will be spending most of their study time reading through notes, going over material that they have difficulty with, and taking practice tests. That time will be devoted to exam preparation.

Using spaced study as a strategy is definitely more sustainable and better for student’s mental and physical health. When students study a little bit over a long period, they give their body and their brain sufficient time to recover from that activity. Studying may involve a lot of sitting down, but the brain is active throughout the study session.

Rest is important because as students let the information simmer, it is also the time when the brain forms connections, builds understanding, which is necessary for critical and higher-order thinking.

With continuous practice, learners will become better at remembering. It may be a little challenging at first to memorize new terms and key concepts. Still, as students keep retrieving this information, the information will come out more naturally and easily.

Sample Learning Schedule:

Day 1: Class. New information is introduced. Students take notes, read chapters and listen to lectures.
Following day: Review what was discussed on Day 1.
After 3 days: Review
After 1 week: Review
After 2 weeks: Review

What to do during a study session:
• Always review older material first.
• Incorporate it with new information by making connections between the chapter you’re currently studying and the one before that. In real life, students are studying multiple chapters in 1 semester. When reviewing, find a way to incorporate even the topics from the start of the semester
• Create summaries and use these when reviewing

A Simple Yet Effective Approach 

The spaced practice seems simple enough, especially when it’s discussed in terms of coming up with a study schedule and following it. However, this simple approach can open doors for a better learning experience and the formation of good habits.

Since learning sessions are spread out, one hour may not seem to be enough if any substantial learning can take place.

Retrieve, Don’t Review

How a student spends “review” sessions plays an important role in the process of learning. When people think about reviewing, the things that come to mind are going through notes and going through parts of a chapter they highlighted. This is technically not a bad strategy, but it’s not the best technique either.

Reviewing entails pushing information into the brain, whereas retrieving has to do will pulling information out from memory. A person may not be able to remember all the details perfectly, but this is precisely what we want. Pulling information out reveals gaps and holes, which the brain then attempts to “fill in.” It’s a little more mentally exhausting, but it can be rewarding if done repeatedly.

Many studies have also discussed the benefits of adequate spacing between learning sessions, especially when preparing for exams. In addition, having that retention interval optimizes learning through retrieval.

Spaced practice is best used in conjunction with another learning method, like retrieval practice. For example, use flashcards, quiz yourself and your friends, do practice tests—these are some techniques to do to help keep the information “fresh.”

Forget it, Seriously

Cognitive psychology studies have discussed how easy it is to forget information from the time it is acquired. It happens so quickly, which is exactly why people put so many alarms and reminders on smartphones and planners.

Studies have suggested that when people forget information, it’s not because the information is lost; it’s because the brain can’t retrieve that memory. It’s also because that information is just lingering in the short-term memory.

When it comes to studying, forgetting seems counterintuitive. However, giving that short break to forget the information gives way to another facet of learning, which is retrieving. 

This is precisely what the brain needs to learn to do and be good at. It almost seems paradoxical, but you are training yourself to forget to develop the skill of retrieving and remembering.

Forgetting is an integral part of this learning technique because students and, in the process, train their brains to retrieve information. Unlike what fictional tv series will tell you, learning or reading something once isn’t enough to understand and retain that information. Students need to constantly revisit, review, and practice their learnings continuously to make it stick.  


The act of using spaced practice seems simple enough to do. Still, it is tied with complex cognitive processes that are geared toward long-term learning and increasing the brain’s capacity to retain information. The minor adjustment of creating a study plan that prioritizes 45-minute study sessions done a couple of days a week is more helpful to the brain than having all-nighter cramming sessions the night before an exam.

Below are other benefits:

  • Spaced practice helps store information in long-term memory.
  • Develop the skill of long term retention
  • Formation of good habits by having well-paced study sessions
  • Keeps information fresh
  • Teaches students to be proactive
  • Students learn to focus.
  • Prevents burnout and exhaustion
  • Helps students remember and understand as opposed to just plain memorization
  • Spaced practice allows students to have time for everything—other subjects, personal plans, while not compromising the learning process.

Cramming Works… But Not Really

Cramming works only to the extent of preparing for an exam. However, it is not efficient. For example, you will devote six hours for two days, studying for the final exam for one subject.

While it might help you get through the exam the following day, you forget it all soon enough because all of that information is filed in your short-term memory. Thus, no authentic learning will take place.

Spaced practice helps students become better learners. For example, instead of studying six hours on the night before an exam, it’s better to have a one-hour learning session every day for two weeks before the exam. In this way, the information is slowly but gradually added into the long-term memory.

Another downside of cramming is the tendency to forego sleep and meals. Sleep and rest are necessary elements of learning. However, students also need to take care of their well-being too. What is the point of studying if, on the day of the exam (or worse, during the exam), a student gets get overwhelmed and anxious to the point of losing focus?

Final Thoughts 

Learning does not happen in one sitting. Like any good and healthy habit, it has to be done repeatedly over time at a steady pace. The best part about spaced practice is that it is easy to incorporate into a student’s daily schedule. It does not require special tools or tricks. Simple adjustments like these can make a world of difference in a student’s journey toward building good study habits.