Are you looking to step foot into the world of programming? Do you want to build your SQL skills to have a career in analytics? If you are an undergraduate or a beginner and non –programmer willing to learn to program, then you must start your career path with learning online.

There are various courses available today, however, it is essential for a beginner and a non-programmer to start from the foundations. The clarity of the beginner concepts is a must that builds the knowledge required to master coding skills in further stages of the learning path. The need for theoretical and practical knowledge is of utmost importance and finding the right combination in an online course tends to be confusing especially for beginners and people without a technical background.

With the increasing technical course offering on the online platform, competitors try to outdo one another, thus the type of courses vary from what is being mentioned in the course content. Some platforms provide a lot of theory or a lot of practical information without covering the foundations and this creates a lack of clarity among beginners and many learners don’t find the right motivation to complete the course and stop.

If you are looking for a course that builds solid foundations, then look no further as this course called Free SQL 101 Class Bootcamp Beginners Intro to SQL NYC on Udemy is the one that stands out among other offerings for a beginner course on SQL 101.  This course is designed as a Bootcamp that targets beginners and non-programmers. The foundational course introduces concepts of group by, joins, and in-built functions. Since this course is focused on hands-on experience, you can expect to master your skills in quick time.


What to Expect from the Course?

SQL 101 Bootcamp course is a beginner-oriented course that is based on the SQL classes conducted for analytics in New York City (NYC). The course is designed by Shivgan Joshi, who is an experienced professional and has taught various boot camps in NYC.

The major topics are covered that will let you gain deeper insight into the field of analytics using SQL. This is the foundation you should be looking to build if you are aspiring for a career in analytics. With the knowledge of SQL, you can be assured to understand the concepts of data analytics that are common in R and Python programming as well. Here is a general outline that will help you understand what concepts will be covered in the entire duration of the course.

  • Able to create DB design for daily tasks from data used in Excel.
  • To be able to understand how to perform analytical steps in SQL.
  • Clarity of concepts on data wrangling using Group, joins, and Union and how to acquire data in the appropriate format.
  • Learn to use new tools to derive meaningful insights from data.
  • Excel-based functions for SQL commands.
  • Common terms used in data analytics remain similar for languages like Python, R, and SQL.
  • Understand how SQL is required as a solution and overcoming the limitation of excel for analytics.
  • Learn the concepts of SQL server database.
  • To understand how search conditions are used in a simple query.
  • Organizing the data from a query before being displayed as output.
  • Usage of New York City data for compiling on SQL.
  • Learn how to use various functions for computation.


About the Instructor

The course is designed and taught by an expert tutor, Shivgan Joshi who is based out of New York City. He has developed several courses for boot camps in the field of data analytics. The courses that have been created have a unique approach and centers around portfolio or themes related to work in Manhattan. It varies from the repetitive mode of courses that are being offered by tutors with a fixed set of a syllabus that is being followed.

The possible outcome of such a format is producing capable professionals that can also have an opportunity in the NYC employment market. There is a focus on letting learners build their GitHub portfolio. He has also been a part of the Python SQL Bootcamp coding classes in New York that focused on affordable and cost-effective machine learning technology.

The instructor runs free classes across New York and India. He has been associated with several online courses such as SQL 101, Python 101, Big Data Science for beginners. Shivgan Joshi is an active blogger on two platforms, namely learnpythondatasciencenyc.site and bigdatascienceblockchainnyc.site.

Related: Udemy Review 


What are the primary contents of the course?

Section 1. Introduction

Introduction and Outcome of the Course

This is the first section of the course with a general overview of what will be covered. The tutor specifies the need for running the codes as per the examples in every lecture.

The primary task to get started is to design a very simple table for understanding purposes. On the completion of how to create a table, it further focuses on what can be done with the data. The idea behind this approach is to make the learners adapt the most basic operations in SQL such as the creation of a table. Furthermore, the concepts of what can be done with the data, and what should not be done are explored.  The need for understanding data wrangling using group, joints, and union for having the data in the appropriate format is covered.

The factors related to linking different things in the framework and reasons for automating and non-sequel are also introduced. The similar concepts that are related to Python and SAS are also explained well.

Versions and Flavours of SQL available

The second part of the introduction section delves into the different versions and flavors of SQL that is available in the market today. It is explained how companies like Microsoft and other private companies and open source companies are using SQL. The most common SQL distribution comes from Microsoft and has successfully built their SQL software and management studios along with GeoEye. You are then introduced to Oracle which is a private company that has its own Oracle SQL. Although SQL is managed by Oracle, it is open source and free.

The popularity of SQL has been because of its availability in the open-source community. The growing usage of postscripts SQL is equivalent to the competitor’s offerings in the market. It is further explained that MYSQL and post-collapse is open source and managed by Microsoft. Several companies in the market need analytics and the supply chain has a huge demand for such professionals. Such companies prefer SQL by Oracle for their mode of operations. MySQL is mostly used for web development

SQL Job Roles and Job Available

This section explains the different job roles available in the SQL job sector. The job roles vary from dedicated positions as data warehousing and data mining experts, business intelligence analysts, etc. Although there are increasing job roles in the field of analytics, the tutor focused on data analytics and business intelligence roles being the first path of an analytics career.

Section 2. Database Fundamentals and Hands-on

Run SQL Online at Fiddle and other Ephemeral Websites

The second two begins with the implementation of MySQL followed by sharing links to three websites to run the codes and have support for SQL Server. It is demonstrated how to create a table and switch between different databases. The possibility of selecting different languages and certain limitations of Oracle SQL. There was a description of how SQL can minimize the cost of storing data that results in having efficiency in the business.

Creating your First Table

This section follows the process of creating a database and determining the structure of it. There is a necessity for ensuring what you want at your table. After the creation of the table, it is explained how to perform analytics and do predictive analysis from the data. It is explained with an example of people who are attending his session and how to add their details to a table.

The example is simplified as it is demonstrated how to write the code and even allows them to copy his code and pasting his code for better understanding.  It is followed by adding schema and the relevant process. Overall, the chapter touches upon the concepts of creating a database.

There was a need for small database attendees, which was followed by copy and pasting a code from the resource available. The command allows us to see what is there inside the table and in the UPI. It was also clarified that a semicolon is a must when there are multiple statements. Another common mistake is related to copy some data.

Create Table

This is the third part in section two of the course. It is an example to practice your skills. You need to code to create the table with the instructions provided. The instructions are to play with the code, remove columns, add columns, skip values for columns, and put in Nulls. There is a video that follows in the next section that also demonstrates how to code for this example. It starts with creating a database for attendees, deciding the data and columns to be added, how many tables needed, and normalization. Finally, to perform analytics, preferably predictive analytics, and to study the errors.

Language Basics, Color Coding, and Table Structure

The final part of section two is related to language basic and two types of data. An explanation of what is a Boolean integer and character Boolean. It is highlighted how single quotes and double quotes can be used and how to convert into a number. The meaning of color conventions namely blue for important parts being capitalized, resolved keyword in green is explained in detail to understand how it works if there is an error.

Section 3. Data Analytics in SQL

Filtering and Selection

The topics on filtering and selection are explained with an example that needed to follow along and code to practice the skills. Other topics were covered with a quick introduction of casting, concatenation, and case statement.

Group by, Joins and Union

The remaining parts in section three covered the topics on Group by, joins and union. The GROUP BY clause is used for collaboration along with the SELECT statement to arrange data into identical groups. It is important to note that a GROUP BY clause always follows the WHERE clause in a SELECT statement.

A join clause is used for combining rows from other tables based on a related column between those tables. On the other hand, the UNION clause combines the results set of two more SELECT statements. These were some of the important concepts that were covered in this section with a follow-along example to enhance the coding skills.

Section 4. Takeaways from the course

SQL vs Excel

  • SQL is a language whereas Excel is a program. It is essential to understand this basic difference.
  • Excel can be used only after the icon is clicked and the program runs. SQL is used to interact with database programs such as Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft SQL Server.
  • Excel is used as a spreadsheet tool that allows you to save your data on the computer. It can be organized in a tabular format including columns and rows. The location of the file is locally stored on your computer. It is involved in direct interaction with the user of the file. You can make changes as per your requirements, however, the result is the inconvenience of tracking those changes made if multiple users are collaborating.
  • SQL is a programming language that is responsible for interaction with the database. The queries are written and sent in SQL to the relevant database. On receiving the queries, the database sends the results of the request or the changes made. The convenience of performing a query is easy collaboration and traceable. It is possible to track to see who has made the changes and to which table. Users can share useful information about the queries with one another for collaboration. It is easier and faster to work with SQL when you are aware of the syntax. Data manipulation is faster as compared to Excel. Another important aspect is the availability of syntax in the form of the English language, thus making it the easiest to learn.

Features of SQL and Excel


  • The datasets are smaller in comparison with SQL. It ranges between one million rows and anything beyond will likely slow down your computer.
  • The entry of data is done manually.
  • The structure is entirely flexible. Any cell can consist of any data type.
  • The data can be graphically visualized.
  • Spell-check options are available.
  • To work on projects independently is highly possible.


  • The datasets are larger and mainly depend on the software and database. It does not slow down as Excel does.
  • SQL is very strict on the types of data and users are restricted if any wrong entry of the type of data entered. This makes the structure more rigid in comparison to Excel.
  • Collaboration with other users is possible.
  • The data can be processed for further analysis in other software,
  • Sharable queries.
  • The data is traceable and auditing is possible, hence it is more secure.

Additional information about SQL and Excel have been provided. There are important questions that have been provided that are essential for a beginner to understand. Some of the questions that have been listed out by the instructor are discussed in the following section.

  •  Which function in SQL performs similarly to Vlookup?

Joins and more specifically left Join.

  • How can we perform Group by in Excel?

By using Pivot table commands.

  • What does the Pivot table mean?

A pivot table provides the summarization of the data of a more extensive table such as sums, average, and other statistics results.

  • What is Power BI and Cubes?

Power BI and Cubes let us perform all the join and Group by functionalities. It is mainly used as a holistic approach for performing analytics for company data in a complex environment.


Important Interview Questions by the instructor

Firstly, the tutor emphasizes remembering important terms such that if anyone asks a question, you should be able to identify the function that will be used for that particular question.

For example, if a person asks about the average salary, you should know which function to be performed henceforth. The importance of understanding the difference between join, Group by, and union which is among the most used functions in SQL. The queries to perform filtering and remainder are essential and need to be understood correctly.

The final section of the course covers future work and a project that needs you to calculate the average salary of the class, calculate the average salary of all financial sectors, calculate the average age of all the sectors, put across every name in the rating, take columns and create new columns. Additional resource files have been provided on ten queries for SQL 101 and the SQL quiz.


Benefits of this course

Learning Path

The major advantage of taking this course on SQL 101 is the learning path for a beginner and non-programmers. It is a difficult step especially for a non-programmer to find the right learning path when an individual is willing to switch careers. Hence, this course is well-suited for them as well as beginners who are looking to enhance their skills with some background knowledge about computer science. The course is well-crafted as it introduces all the core concepts in SQL and differentiates between SQL and Excel and related options in each that performs the same functions.

The benefit of having hands-on experience is essential to build your coding skills and it always begins from the core concepts. There are simplified examples and a follow-along approach. Another added advantage is the duration of each of the sections being short and easy to understand. The instructor also provides key questions and references to practice your skills and a final project at the end of the course.  There is also additional information on interview questions and the primary difference between SQL and Excel.


The course will also provide certification of completion. The course is a free tutorial available on Udemy. However, you can have access to online content, certification, and direct access to the instructor for Q&A, and direct reply from the instructor.

It is important to note that access to online content is available for the free version and remaining options from the paid version are not offered. There are additional courses provided by the instructor that are extensive and advanced level. You can have paid access to it on mastering the beginner skills.

Learning Community

You will get access to the learning community on Udemy that comprises students and tutors. The benefit of the community is that important resources and tips are being shared on the forum. Additionally, you can post your questions and get support from experienced personnel which will enrich your learning experience.

Hands-on Approach

The course specifically follows a hands-on approach. This course is designed to provide sufficient exposure to writing queries and understanding the concepts that are being taught theoretically. A hands-on approach lets you grasp the concept much faster.

If you are looking to step foot in the world of technology, then having hands-on experience is the most desired skill set that an employer looks for in an individual. Thus, you are guaranteed to build them in this course. The course is a perfect balance of theory and practical knowledge and provides crucial information on interview questions and additional resources as well.


Who is the course most suited for?

The course is well-suited for absolute beginners and non-programmers. It is well-designed with a strong focus on building a hands-on experience. If you are looking to begin your career in the field of analytics and look to step into data science in the future, then set the right foundations is crucial. SQL is closely related to the business analytics field and you can be assured of a career as a business analyst if you master the skills of SQL.

The knowledge of SQL is helpful to understand the concepts of data science much easily as certain terms are similar to that of SQL.It is a valuable investment of your time if you take up the course and get your first exposure to the world of analytics.

Are you an undergraduate or a rookie in the programming world? Curious to know why is Python the buzzword in the field of technology? Do you want to have a career as a programmer?

If you are looking for a career in the most exciting domains with challenging job roles, then the coding expertise using Python is a must. A career as a data scientist, machine learning engineer, or simply a Python programmer offers you ample opportunities. These are some aspiring careers with the highest pay scale in the technical industry. The critical point is to identify the best way to get started.

There are various online courses. However, it is not easy to choose from them. It can be unclear for aspirants who have minimal knowledge of how to proceed and select the courses that are either too advanced or don’t offer what is being proposed. Therefore, navigating through the ideal beginner’s course is mandatory.

A very useful course is available on Udemy for beginners looking to hone their skills in Python. It’s called Introduction to Python Programming: A Quick and Easy Intro into Python Programming. This online course is designed with a simplistic approach while covering all the foundations of Python. Many aspirants have found it useful to build a solid foundation in Python programming with this course.

The course is equivalent to a one-stop solution for all the foundation concepts you need to learn to get started with Python. The course begins with Python’s basics along with the concepts of strings, variables, and the various data types that are available. The lessons further extend to covering the topics related to loops and conditions used in Python and know-how of file manipulation and functions. This will cover the entire basics of Python thoroughly.


What is Python Programming?

Python is considered one of the fastest-growing programming languages that allow you to work quickly and integrate systems effectively. It is a high-level, object-oriented language that will bring down your developmental time. It is user friendly and easy to learn and use that can be used for both small tasks and complex computations.

Today, Python programming has found its implementations across industries such as scientific computing, research, web development, data science, medical imaging, system automation, automotive industry, finance, computer graphics, and astrophysics, among several other domains of prominence. The list continues to add more sectors preferring Python for its problem-solving purposes. There are a broad scope and diverse opportunities for all the aspirants aiming for a successful career in these industries.

In the introductory course, you will uncover important information on how to run Python and the installation guide, followed by Python’s basics and essential concepts that are very easy to follow. There are no prerequisite programming skills required for the course. All you need is access to a computer and get started to climb the ladder of success.

Python Innovations

There is support for cross-platforms. The vast majority of plugins from different sources or third parties have considered Python a powerful platform for software development in multiple industries. The scope of a Python developer has broadened with multi-disciplines requiring Python for their business operations. In today’s environment of rapid growth technologies, enterprises have adapted and included these technologies to conduct their services successfully.

Industrial innovations with the likes of search engine recommendations, risk analytics for the finance industry, forecast of demand for sales and marketing to the Internet of things, big data, machine learning, natural language processing, smart electric grids, robotics to healthcare, Python forms the core of the programming language involved behind these innovations.

This is a list of popular products and services developed using Python.

  • Netflix
  • Dropbox
  • Instagram
  • Spotify
  • Uber

Python powers tech giants like Google search engine, Mozilla, YouTube, Reddit, and many others. A career in Python broadens your ideas and skills as a developer as you deep dive into a world of innovations. Thus, enhancing your coding skills with an online course is essential. An online coding course on Python introduces the major concepts and basic coding examples to get started.

It is worth noting that, being a skilled Python programmer, you are likely in line to be hired by such top companies seeking Python programming skills.

Related reading: Udemy Review – Is Udemy Worth It?


What kind of Content Does the Course Offer?

Welcome and Jumpstart Python Programming

The course begins with a quick introduction of the instructor and his journey into the programming world. The introduction is always helpful as it gave insight into the instructor’s background and what to expect in the course’s upcoming lectures. At the end of the section, some resources are provided related to Python’s additional help from his platform called TheCodex. While the course on Udemy covers only the fundamentals, the Codex platform offers a more comprehensive study along with beginner-friendly projects for further practice.

Getting Started with Python

There was a smooth transition from the introduction to the first section that deals with Python’s installation and an additional explanation of Python IDE and its alternative, such as PyCharm. It was also mentioned how you could avail the PyCharm free premium version for students only. For those who are not students, it was informed that there is a possibility of downloading the community version.

The PyCharm interface and starting a new project is displayed stepwise. A simple project with “Hello World” was shown. The reason for selecting PyCharm as a choice of IDE by the instructor is because Python IDE is very functional, as stated by him. On the contrary, PyCharm provides many productivity features and provides intelligent code completion, on the fly error checking, quick fix possibilities, and easy navigation of a project.

Variables and Multiple Assignment

The second part introduces variables. This section defines variables and their initialization. It begins with defining variables as memory locations to store values. It was further shown by compiling an easy- to follow the example. The example is a basic example of keeping the matter in a variable. The value in this example is related to the age of a person. The example is further extended by showing how to store a sentence in a variable. Another additional part is defined as how to create a new variable for multiple assignments in a single line. The compilation was displayed on the console while guiding where to type the code.

Arithmetic Operators and Strings

This section dealt with arithmetic operators’ concepts that allow performing addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, and modulus functionalities. How they can be applied to variables was explained with a follow-along example. Strings are known to be very popular in Python programming that has been discussed as well. It is possible to create strings by enclosing the required characters in quotes.

The examples demonstrated the implementation of addition and multiplication to strings. The concept of splicing was introduced along with the possibility of obtaining the segment of strings and characters using a format. Splicing, referred to as splice function, is the part of several in-built functions in the Python library. The purpose of splicing enables to partition an image in width and height. The space that remains after the partition is filled by the available background color. The concept of splicing was also shown with an example.

Placeholders in Strings

Placeholders in strings are used to refer to a variable that needs to be used. Each placeholder signifies a data type, and a percent is used to indicate what type of string it is in command. The concept was demonstrated using an example for single and multiple variables, respectively.

Lists in Python

Generally, what do you think of a list? It is a set of items placed in order with a set of values assigned to it from a given index. The same concept is used for the Python list, which is covered in this lesson. Lists are considered similar to arrays that contain different types of variables without a limit. It is a comma-separated value between square brackets that provides access to any of the index items. The concepts of lists were covered that included what plans are and how to create them. Although several usages of the list, a quick introduction of the list was provided with a simplified example.

Introduction to dictionaries

The lesson focuses on the introductory concept of a Python dictionary that includes a key and value when dealing with sorting. The dictionary definition is explained as the data type that works similarly as arrays, but it consists of keys and values instead of indexes. It is also explained that the values stored in a dictionary can be accessed with a key that can be in any object, such as a string or a number.

The related concepts on associated values, updating the values, using a key, and performing deletion in the dictionary were covered. An important idea was highlighted, stating that repeating a dictionary is not considered a proper programming practice in a dictionary.


A tuple consists of a collection of objects that are ordered and immutable. Tuples act as sequences similar to the concept of lists with a significant difference that a tuple can’t be changed. Tuples must be in parentheses, whereas lists must be in square brackets.

Other relevant concepts associated with tuples such as deleting items in a tuple, updating items in a tuple, and creating a tuple are covered. It was explained that tuple is the data structure in Python and the core feature is they are immutable.

Conditional Statements

The lesson touched upon the conditional statements such as if and else when some conditions are to perform a function else. The six types of relational operators were discussed, along with examples. The use of multiple if statements and elif are also covered in this lesson.

For Loops

The core concepts of loops and range are covered in this section. It has been explained effortlessly with more straightforward examples that are easy to implement and practice even later for better understanding. The functionality of for loop is expressed as executing a sequence of statements that several times.

While Loops

The usage of while loop statement in Python programming is discussed along with its functionality, which allows repetition of statements or a group of statements when a given condition is TRUE. The condition is checked before the execution of the body of the loop. The explanation of conditions being true or false is covered. The use of break as a control statement and continue statement is being introduced along with the while loop concepts.

Try and Except

The explanations of how to test block allow to test a block of code for the errors and except block for handling the error has been covered in this lesson. The try () is used for error exception handling. The errors include syntax error and exception-based error. The errors are the problems in Python codes that result in stopping the execution of the program.

Exceptions arise when an internal event occurs, causing changes to the program’s regular flow, such as keyboard interruption due to the wrong key being pressed. The import error occurs due to the inability to find the module, and a value error occurs because of receiving a false argument by an in-built function. 

The examples were compiled and shown for better understanding in this section. The use of commenting when writing multiple codes are explained as well.


The lesson covers function and is defined as a block of codes that are reusable to perform a single action. The use of functions in a code is to provide better modularity and code reusability. Additional tips have been offered, such as using the def keyword for function blocks, defining the parameters inside the parentheses, using the docstring, and using colon while calling a function along with brackets parameters.

In-built Functions

There are several in-built functions in Python, and the instructor focused on specifying some of them. The mathematical function, Boolean functions, uppercase, and lowercase were discussed more precisely. It is also important to note that Python allows you to create your user-defined functions as well.

Object-Oriented Programming and Inheritance

The final two sections of the course focus on object oriented programming concepts such as class and object. The basic definition is explained and a discussion on how it is different from other programming languages.

On the other hand, the inheritance section defined the use of parent and child class with examples as the concepts could be confusing initially. The parent class is known as the base class. It is the class being inherited from. The child class inherits from another class therefore it is termed as the derived class. Any class can be considered as the parent class but the child class must inherit the functionalities from another class.

About the Instructor

The course is created and taught by Avinash Jain, CEO of TheCodex.me. He is a sophomore at UC Berkeley, pursuing majors in electrical engineering and computer science. The number of students that the instructor is teaching stands at over 600,00 with over 59,000 reviews is an exceptional achievement and speaks volumes of his caliber as an instructor.

Although a sophomore, his programming journey started at the age of 10 with simple Python programming scripts related to crawling the weather. Since then, his career has been on the rise and worked for numerous tech companies with Python, iOS development, to name a few. Among his achievements, he has won several hackathons and has several applications credited to his name with multiple downloads in the app store.


Takeaways from this Course

Learning Path

The primary benefit of taking this course on Python programming language is the learning path. It is exceptionally well-crafted Content that contains the introduction and all the essential concepts for a beginner. It is not full of theory but explained concisely such that a beginner with no background in technology will also grab the concepts quickly. The follow-along format of the coding examples is simplified for a better understanding.

This is extremely important as a theory is followed by an immediate example that helps understand how it is implemented. The simplified examples are suitable for beginners and differ from most courses where the examples are not easy to comprehend and create confusion. Another added advantage of the Content is the short duration of each lesson as longer explanations of a specific concept may not be suitable for a beginner.

Certification and Instructor Support

The course provides full access to online video content with lifetime access, certification of completion, and direct access to Q & A with the instructor. Additionally, the instructor provides direct messages to your Q & A in your profile. However, this is available for the paid version, whereas the free course allows access to the Content without access to the remaining options.

It is essential to be informed that Udemy courses are very affordable, unlike many online platforms that charge a considerable amount. It is important to note that the reasonable amount doesn’t lead to compromise on the quality of the Content.

Access to Learning Community

The course offers access to the Udemy learning community. It comprises students and instructors involved in discussions about several topics and providing assistance and additional information. Several resources are being shared by a different individual, thus enriching the learning experience.

Setting the Right Foundations for Advanced Courses

The introductory Content that is covered in this course forms the foundations of being capable of capturing more advanced explanations further. There are many preparatory courses, but they don’t start with Python’s introductory sections as there are pre-requisites for such classes. However, this course is built upon Python’s core concepts that are the most essential to writing complex codes for solving advanced problems and being considered for more significant projects.

Hands-on experience

All the technical courses on Udemy have the right balance of theory and practical. The most important part of learning a programming language is understanding the theoretical aspects of a particular function or operation.

However, the most crucial factor that will highlight your career is hands-on experience with your coding skills. It is essential to have a course that strikes a balance between theory and plenty of practical examples, that helps to understand and have an idea on how to implement it right away. This course achieves that required balance, and each concept is explained with a simple example practically.


Who is the Introduction to Python Programming: A Quick and Easy Intro into Python Programming Course on Udemy Best for?

If you are someone with a technical background or an individual looking to switch careers as a Python developer, acquiring the right foundational concepts is extremely useful to build your career as a programmer.

This course is the right fit for those aiming to begin their journey in the world of programming and technology. Even if you have never come across programming, it won’t be a concern. This course is an easy stepwise series of lectures that will give a quick guide to all the essentials for learning to code in Python. The lessons let you get accustomed to Python and the relevant syntax associated with it.

For graduate or undergraduate and job seekers, you will find this course valuable to invest your time and gain the maximum of all the concepts covered in the course. The examples are simple and let you explore and practice them until you gain expertise. This approach will ensure to master the coding skills in Python in the shortest time.

The course is excellent for beginners who want to learn from scratch and gain additional tips and resources to get acquainted with Python and its console. So, don’t wait for allowing yourself to embark on the journey of wonderful opportunities in the programming world. It is the ideal time to cash in on the greatest career prospects that await you in the rapidly evolving digital era. 



Amazon web services, commonly known as AWS, is a dynamic cloud environment that has served the business necessities of companies of all sizes across the globe. In today’s technical evolution, companies have shifted their focus on their business and services being conducted through a cloud-based infrastructure platform.

The fast adoption of cloud computing technology has transformed the industries and provided them with a broader business expansion scope. A deep insight into the recent trends reveals the growing demand for AWS experts.

With tech giants like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon ruling the charts in almost every technical domain, Amazon has built a cloud fortress in the market in terms of the cloud computing platform.

Astonishingly, around 33% of the businesses running on the internet prefer AWS as their first choice of a cloud computing platform. From the world’s leading enterprises to startups and public and private sectors have opted for AWS solutions. Thus it is highly likely that the growing demand for AWS professionals will continue to increase in the future.


A Brief Summary of AWS History

Amazon expanded its technical horizon with the state of the art technology offering in the year 2000. Amazon’s primary goal was to provide third-party retailers the means to have their online website for shopping with the support from Amazon’s e-commerce engine. However, it didn’t achieve critical success in the initial stages without the necessary support system.

Amazon needed a centralized platform to make the business idea into a well-developed service. Thus, the emergence of AWS began with an organized environment that had well developed APIs. It was identified that there is a need for the development of applications in a faster manner with room for reusability.

This was the tipping point when Amazon realized the need for a more robust platform to allow companies to run their application in the AWS cloud infrastructure in a cost-effective approach.


Why is the AWS job market famous among IT professionals?

The demand for cloud computing is growing each year. According to Gartner’s report, the cloud computing industry’s projected growth rate will witness a three times increase than the overall IT market by 2022. As the enterprises shift their focus to AWS due to its benefits offered for ease of business,

AWS’s market domination is prominent, thus offering considerable potential for professionals looking to make a mark in this industry. Gartner presents the market share reports that lists Amazon’s share in the cloud market at 47.8%, followed by Microsoft at 15%. This shows the job prospects are not slowing down soon. Some of the critical factors that have made AWS a popular career choice are the following.

The strong potential across the global market

The growing demand for newer technologies and the evolving startup markets have increased the job potential in the technology industry globally. The shift towards cloud computing by companies of all sizes has seen a rise in cloud technology.

AWS, being the leader in this market segment, offers tremendous career opportunities with certifications that can be completed at one’s convenience. The right combination of theoretical knowledge and hands-on experience are sure to provide some of the finest careers in AWS.

High demand with limited professionals

Technical professionals look to evolve in their careers as the world embraces advanced specialized offerings in the market. The need for a change in their job roles demands a competitive market that is not slowing down at the earliest. With the rapid use of AWS services, trained professionals are increasing, which opens up the possibilities to level up in the skill set and plunge in for a newer opportunity.


How to Choose the Career Path in AWS?

There are many aspiring students and professionals of the technology industry who are considering an AWS career. However, the willingness to pursue a job in AWS is often linked with a lack of guidance as per the required specialization and skill set that one must possess.

There are numerous certified courses, but it is not easy to choose the right one among them. This article delves further into the prerequisites and the opportunities that are existing in the AWS industry.

AWS Learning Structure and Education

A technical background is a must for gaining entry into the AWS industry. A clear understanding of cloud computing is an absolute necessity, along with a specialization in cloud computing, which is considered an added advantage.

There is a need for understanding the hardware and software configurations and good knowledge about the computer networking domain, setting up servers, application development, database, and its relevant configuration.

It is not a prerequisite to have an advanced skill level in each area, but a clear understanding of them will help be familiar with AWS much easily. It is essential to follow a well-structured process of acquiring a comprehensive knowledge of AWS.

a)  The knowledge of core AWS services and tools like Cloudwatch, Route53, RDS, and CloudFormation. The core services include the likes of EC2, S3, and IAM.

b)  Hands-on experience is a must, ensuring all the AWS requirements for your account are set up correctly.

c) A clear understanding of the AWS certificate exam structure is a necessity. Generally, the AWS exam has different categories, such as the associate exam is considered the entry-level exam.

The remaining professional exams are built upon the foundations of the associate course with more advanced topics. There is a provision for following a specialization for the exams such as networking or security. Another vital factor to be mindful of is the set of guidelines for each certification exam.

d)  Many professionals overlook the need for reading whitepapers. Aspirants and experts must continue evolving by reading more whitepapers as it will help evaluate and understand from a research point of view and follow upcoming research. This allows us to keep updated with current research trends in the market.


AWS Certification

Currently, some certifications range from absolute beginners to the most advanced, including specializations. The list of the available certificates is highlighted below.

a) AWS Foundation – Level

Certification options: AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner.

Scope of the course: Introduction to cloud computing concepts and AWS and to lay the foundations for further specializations.

b) AWS Associate – Level

Certification options: AWS Certified Sysops Administrator (Associate), AWS Certified Solutions Architect (Associate), AWS Certified Developer (Associate).

Scope of the course: A more in-depth insight and knowledge and skill-building covering topics such as AWS architecture and its development and related operations. These certifications will enable professionals to know the developmental role of AWS cloud app, system administrator roles for deployment and management of the AWS process, and creating cost-effective and highly scalable systems that are fault-tolerant.

c) AWS Professional

Certification options: AWS Certified DevOps Engineer (Professional), AWS Certified Solutions Architect (Professional).

Scope of the course: An advanced system that covers the concepts of AWS architecture and engineering thoroughly. The possible roles include operating and managing the AWS environment.

d) AWS Specialty

Certification options: AWS Certified Big Data (Specialty), AWS Certified Advanced Networking (Specialty), AWS Certified Security (Specialty), AWS Certified Alexa Skill Builder (Specialty), AWS Certified Machine learning (Specialty).

Scope of the course: A in-depth certification that covers the most advanced levels of specialization. The roles vary from big data operation using AWS, complex networking based tasks, security workloads of AWS, build and testing Amazon’s Alexa skillset and design and employing machine learning solutions and maintaining them. 


Preparing for the exam

It is essential to understand the preparation for the AWS exam. The completion of the course itself will not avail a certificate, thus understanding and following the learning path as per the AWS website is crucial.

Showcasing the certification in the right manner

AWS certification brings recognition in its own right. However, it has been reported by top recruiters that there is a large number of junior-level cloud developers who have completed some of the AWS certifications but fail to be recruited due to the lack of soft skills.

It is essential to highlight technical expertise and soft skills that many professionals don’t stress in their resumes to stand out. The individuals who lack soft skill requirements may enhance them with certified courses from reputed institutions.


Technical Skills


Python, Java, and C#

Most professionals in the AWS industry have good programming skills. They are usually from a software background and have good knowledge of popular programming languages such as Java, Python, and C#. It is necessary to keep upgrading the technology industry skills, and proficiency in a minimum of two programming languages is essential in getting started in the AWS industry.

Computer Networking

The cloud platform is dynamic and along with it arises the need for multi-dimensional professionals who are not limited to a specific skill set. To succeed in the cloud computing industry, one must create scalable solutions with high security. This is not achievable without understanding networking concepts such as DNS, TCP/IP, VPNs, CDN, etc.

Virtual private cloud is yet another concept that is of importance. Although achieving mastery in every technical skill is not possible. However, knowledge about the relevant terminologies and their usage will be beneficial.

Data Storage

A primary skill of an AWS architect is to understand how to work with databases. There are provisions for multiple data storage in AWS, and it is imperative to know how to use them as per the need. With big data forming a crucial part of the cloud platforms, the knowledge of relational database service until big data concepts is one of the primary requirements for a company’s successful functioning in the cloud environment.

Data Security

In the AWS platform, several companies conduct their business operations that involve sensitive information of a company and its clients. In such cases, security is of utmost importance. AWS follows strict guidelines on account setup, and the accessibility of data is specific to authorized personnel, and codes are being used to perform tasks in the platform. Therefore, it is necessary to understand security concepts and enhance identity and access management skills.


Related AWS Concepts

The technologies related to cloud architecture and services are crucial for a professional to understand thoroughly. Each year Amazon introduces a new service in their offering, thus keeping track of the upgrades and understanding the necessities such as simple queuing, notifications, and relational database services is vital to know.

The newer technologies in the AWS line up, such as AWS IoT, may need more upgradation of skills and have an idea about how IoT works are required. Interested professionals may opt for an update in this domain as more challenging roles are likely to be open in these specialty roles.

Serverless Architecture in the cloud

Today, the cloud industry has transformed businesses. The focus has been on moving serverless applications from one cloud to another. The possibility of scaling up applications has made serverless applications a necessity.

It is easier to perform patches to applications and services in the AWS cloud. Amazon’s serverless products, such as EC2, Container service, and AWS Lambda, are the most sought after by clients in the past few years. The identified skill set that an AWS architect must know is.

Knowledge of API and microservice architectures.

  • Orchestration of the workflow.
  • Lambda environment for computation and model designing.
  • Monitor the identity management and handling the serverless   authorization and authentication processes.
  • Important end to end security techniques.
  • Management of the overall functionality of an application and its architecture.

Amazon Kinesis Data Streams is a scalable and durable real-time data streaming service. It is capable of continuously processing gigabytes of data per second from several sources. These sources vary between website click, database related event streams, financial transactions, IT log data, social media feed etc.

The Amazon Kinesis data stream also allows real-time data analytics with the provision of real-time dashboards, real-time anomaly detection are some of the options available. It is a very important feature for businesses conducted on the online platform  The knowledge about Amazon Kinesis Data stream is considered as a bonus among other relevant skills.


As per recent trends, one of the most sought skills for a professional in the AWS industry is containers. The experience with Docker, Jenkins, and Kubernetes is considered high, and leadership roles are offered to such experts. The containers are their usability in packing an application’s code and configuration and related dependencies into a single object.

This allows for creating hybrid applications that are in high demand for businesses. Another essential feature of using containers is creating scalable machine learning models in a faster manner. Amazon’s EC2 is the most popular among the container tools existing in the market today. The familiarity with containers will be helpful for professionals to find more high paid job offers.

Multi-cloud environments

As more and more companies look to make the most of the cloud platforms, they look at the possibilities of adding multiple applications in the cloud. A market survey on multi-cloud management was conducted among 300 US-based companies. It was found that nearly 93% of the companies preferred multi-infrastructure cloud for their business.

The use of multiple public clouds and a private cloud stood at 81%, whereas numerous private clouds or dedicated clouds. The remaining 10% vary between a combination of one public and one private cloud or multiple public clouds only. Therefore, cloud migration experience is one of the top skills in demand for AWS cloud professionals.

Non-Technical Skills

To start an AWS career, there are essential non-technical skills highly preferred in the job market today. As per the experts, a higher degree and communication skills, problem-solving ability is an added advantage, especially for professionals seeking to grow in AWS’s career. The pricing of the models may add more to a professional’s skill set, as the leadership roles demand the need for interaction with clients and engineers.

Understanding the pricing structure will allow us to interact with clients and provide them with useful information and supervise the engineers as per the AWS contract instances. Some of the cases are listed below.

On-demand instances with no contract required and charges are as per the seconds of use of the service.

Schedule instances that require to pay on a recurring schedule with the options being daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly basis.

Spot instances allow for paying up to the amount of usage and save up to 90% for the AWS system’s unused compute instances.

Dedicated instances involve a virtual private cloud on hardware that is offered to individual customers. This option is expensive and most companies are not keen on this offer.


Possible Job Roles with an AWS Certification

AWS certificates are globally recognized, and acquiring one will open the doors to a wide range of opportunities. In recent times, some of the job roles have become very popular in the cloud industry, discussed in the following sections.

Operational Support EngineerAn IT professional with an operational support engineer’s role will be involved with the monitoring and resolving operation-based issues related to a company’s tooling. They are also responsible for maintaining any AWS environmental upgrades.

Average Yearly Salary: $59,000-$92,000


Cloud Engineer (Software): Cloud engineers related to software development and implement various software services and systems associated with the process. They also act as mentors to junior level engineers and are involved with the discussion of the outcomes with shareholders. These professionals are generally well-equipped to know programming languages such as Python, C++, JavaScript, and Ruby, among several other languages.

Average Yearly Salary: $63,000-$93,000


AWS Solutions Architect: They are primarily involved with cloud computing and its architectures. The AWS solution architect must be aware of the AWS toolset. The job includes designing and maintaining cost-effective solutions and applications that are highly scalable on the AWS cloud.

Average Yearly Salary: $130,883-$150,000


AWS DevOps Engineer: DevOps engineer roles revolve around designing AWS cloud solutions. They are also involved with server related implementations and overseeing the maintenance and debugging.

Average Yearly Salary: $93,000-$144,000


AWS SysOps Administrator: The key responsibilities include installation and configuration, operation and maintenance of system, software, and other infrastructures that may be virtual or non-virtual. They also manage reporting dashboards and analytics-based software.

Average Yearly Salary: up to $160,000


AWS System Integrator (Cloud): The system integrator role requires working as a team for supporting the deployment and troubleshooting of matters of complex nature. This job role requires a comprehensive understanding of cloud computing and its related systems.

Average Yearly Salary: $81,000


AWS Cloud Developers: The development of software services and applications on an enterprise-level are performed by a cloud developer. The knowledge of cloud orchestration tools is a must.

Average Yearly Salary: $95,000


Senior AWS Cloud Architect: The role is a traditional role that requires working with customers and engineers while providing supervision for operations efficiency. They monitor the interface involving client-side stakeholders. It is a senior position with years of experience and proficiency in the cloud environment functions and tools. Senior Cloud architects work in developing the technical architecture and ensure successful implementation and integration in the customer-related cloud environment.

Average Yearly Salary: $165,000



The surge in demand for AWS has risen in recent years. The continued innovation and companies’ willingness to offer multiple services across the cloud platform have created several job opportunities. While the cloud industry looks to meet the right balance of demand and hiring of the right professionals for the jobs, it is to note that there is a massive gap in meeting this demand.

The cloud computing industry is booming, but the skills shortage calls for more opportunities for aspirants who have been doubtful about making the plunge in this sector.

Amazon continues to offer multiple services on the cloud platform yearly. Thus there is a constant demand for professionals throughout.

The words from wiser innovators and experts have expressed the opportune moment for any individual to delve into a new career choice is when the market is at its peak. It is of utmost necessity to be able to follow the right certifications and build upon the learning path to reach the most advanced levels gradually.

One must understand that the specialty may depend on an individual’s choice or interest, and mastering every skill is not necessary. However, keeping a keen eye on the recent trends and understanding the related concepts and advancements is an added advantage. The most promising times of the technological era have just begun. This is the right moment to capture this growing opportunity to dive into an AWS career.

Job-hunting is never easy, so the fact that you were invited to an interview was bound to cause a leap of excitement. Let’s say, after your thorough preparation, the interview seemed to go well. You were on time, answered all the questions the panel threw at you, asked intelligent interview questions in return, and overall presented yourself as a professional and motivated candidate.

You leave the interview feeling slightly elated, but also cautious. Maybe two of the three interviewers seemed friendly, but the third sat, stony-faced and hardly talking. They didn’t give you any hints as to whether you were suitable, just said they’d be in touch.

So, there’s nothing to do now, except wait and see. Or is there? In this guide, we’ll take a closer look at how the recruitment process typically works, and take you step by step at what you can do to navigate it successfully, and how to go about job interview follow up.


Understand the hiring process

It’s perfectly understandable to want an answer immediately. It’s simple: do they want you to join, or not? Did you perform well and answer the interview questions correctly, or not?

However, unless you have applied to a small company where such decisions are typically in the hands of the owner, it rarely if ever happens in that way.

The key is to look at the situation from the point of view of a recruiter.

In a medium to large company, recruitment will probably be handled by a team, dedicated to sourcing, selecting and on-boarding new recruits. It is never in the hands of one individual.

The person who dealt with your application will have been liaising with the hiring manager, i.e. the person who is recruiting someone for his or her team. They may have interviewed you together or separately.

After the interview, various others may become involved: possibly the HR manager or HR Business Partner; the hiring manager’s manager. All of these people have multiple priorities so the decision making process can be placed on the back burner.

In addition, you may not have been the only candidate. Some companies will only interview the top two or three, others will work their way through a list of ‘possibles’. If you were the first of, say, six candidates to be interviewed, and two had to postpone their meeting for any reason, the interview process could take weeks before all candidates were seen.

All members of the hiring panel have to be available, ideally at the same time, and their schedules may not be easy to synchronize.

An additional factor that sometimes needs to be taken into consideration is the possibility of one or more internal candidates applying, even after interviews have started. Most companies tend to prefer appointing from within, so that existing employees have the opportunity to develop their careers.

An internal candidate will understand how the company works, and already have built their reputation, so represent less risk than an outsider. So, additional interviews will need to be scheduled, and this takes time. So you need to keep in mind all these aspects while you’re thinking about job interview follow up.

After that, maybe second interviews for the top one or two candidates will take place before job offers are made to them.

If you happen to be the third choice, it is unlikely that you will be contacted with a definitive answer until the post is definitely filled. If neither of the ‘first choice’ candidates accepts the company’s offer, they may want you to still be available and waiting patiently.


A fast response is not always a good sign

So, although it’s not a hard and fast rule, a prolonged period of silence after you’ve been interviewed is to be expected, and is not always a bad thing. If you’re unsuccessful, you’re more likely to be informed immediately.

If, after your interview, a decision is made that you’re clearly not the person to fill the role, you’ll probably receive what is known in the HR world as a ‘regret letter’, typically via email, thanking you for your interest. And they will explain that your application won’t be taken further. This will probably arrive within a few days.

This quick response is partly made out of courtesy, and partly so that you won’t keep following up with the recruiter and asking them for feedback. This door is closed, and now you can move on.

Now that the internal hiring process is clearer, let’s move on to consider what steps you should take for job interview follow up.


Step One: Analyse your performance

Let’s consider what you should do, ideally one to two hours after the interview, when you’ve had time to get over your initial response to the experience. Take some time, sit somewhere quiet, and carry out your personal job interview follow-up by reflecting on what happened. This is equally valid as phone interview follow up. Make notes as you go along.

There are three reasons for doing this:

  • You’ll be more objective about how the interview went.
  • You’ll be able to remember more of the questions, and your responses
  • You’ll be able to use your notes to improve any areas where you didn’t perform so well, in the next interview

Ask yourself:

  • How did I present myself? Confident, over-confident, motivated, professional, unprepared?
  • What did I do well, that impressed the panel?
  • Did I make sure I highlighted the hard or soft skills they listed in their job advert or position description?
  • When they asked: “Do you have any questions you’d like to ask us?” Did I have relevant questions prepared for them?
  • What impressed you about your potential employer? What concerns do you now have?
  • Did I ask them: “When can I expect to hear from you?” (In reality, few candidates actually ask this important question):
  • If I had the chance to repeat this interview, what would I do differently?

With this self-reflection you can learn any lessons you need, in preparation for the hoped-for second interview. Or, if that doesn’t happen, it can provide some interview tips, leading to an improved performance in your next interview with another potential employer.


Step Two: Send a follow up email

The second step you should take, as job interview follow up is to send a brief email to the recruiter, thanking them for giving you the opportunity, and confirming your continued interest in the position. This should be done within 24 hours:

  • Use the name of the person you’re emailing
  • Mention the names of the other people on the interview panel
  • Thank them for the opportunity
  • Say how much you enjoyed meeting them
  • Express your excitement at the possibility of joining the company
  • Let them know you’re available for any follow up

Say you’re looking forward to hearing from them soon.

For example:

“Dear Mette,

I just wanted to send this quick note to thank you for giving me the opportunity to attend the interview yesterday, for the position of Drilling Engineer.

It was a pleasure to meet you, Lorena and Hans. I was fascinated by the discussion, and I am now more excited than ever at the prospect of becoming part of such a professional team.

Should you require any more information from me at this stage, please don’t hesitate to let me know. 

Thank you once again and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Sincerely/ Best regards

The same approach can be used as follow up after a phone interview.

It’s not advisable to follow up by calling the recruiter or hiring manager at this stage, as until the decision-making process is complete, there is really nothing they can tell you.

In the same way, if you ask for feedback on your performance in the interview you will place the recruiter in a difficult position. You may only want to know so you can improve your interview skills. However, if they praise your performance, you may mistakenly get the idea that the job offer will be yours. I

f they were to offer suggestions about where you could have improved, it could open the door to a pointless discussion about what you really meant to say. It is better to understand that it is not a recruiter’s job to give you career advice.

There are three possible responses to your ‘thank you’ email.

  • A brief acknowledgement
  • An update on the next steps, when you’re likely to hear something
  • Silence

If you received either of the first two responses, you could reply in turn. For example:

Dear Mette,

Many thanks for the update. Do you have an idea yet of when the decision-making process will be complete? Since my interview I’ve been highly motivated to join your team. However, I understand that these things take time, and I don’t want you to feel I’m chasing you for news.

Regardless of which response you received, take action and move to Steps 3 and 4.


Step 3: Continue your job search

Until the day you sign a job offer, you should continue with your job search.

Even if you’re confident about how well you performed in an interview, and are sure that a job offer will be on its way to you, be cautious.

Many things can happen before that offer is made. After the decision-making process is complete, it may be that:

The position will no longer be filled, due to financial constraints.

An internal candidate has been selected.

The position is put ‘on-hold, so no decision is made.

So, while waiting for news, it’s the time to contact other potential employers. Your recent interview should have given you lots of interview questions which can help you with your job search.


Step 4: Follow Up again

Even if you didn’t receive a response to your follow up email, it may be worth getting in touch again after 1 -2 weeks. This will let the recruiter know that you’re still interested, and prompt them for an update.

If you don’t receive a reply, although it’s hard, the best thing to do is be patient. Repeated follow-ups won’t make the decision-making process move any faster, and you may just give the impression that you are needy and desperate.

Perhaps you are being considered by more than one company. If that’s the case, it can be very tempting to write something along the lines of:

  • “I have other job offers”
  • “I need to know so I can decide which job to take”
  • “The other company is pressuring me to make my decision. I’d prefer to work for you so please let me know if you’re going to make me an offer”

Above all, resist that temptation. It will do you no good in the eyes of the hiring manager, and may be seen as an attempt to pressure or blackmail them into making you an offer.

Unless the employer is needy or desperate, this approach simply won’t work, and will only damage your reputation as a professional candidate who is genuinely focussed on gaining the position they were interviewed for.


Step 5: Continue your job search

While you wait, the most productive action you can take is to keep on with your job search. Don’t keep applying with the attitude that you hope to find a ‘second-best’ option in case you’re not successful after your interview with your first choice employer.

Instead, approach it with the attitude that, armed with your recent interview practice and new insights into your industry or field, you are going to identify an even better opportunity. You can ensure that this time, you will be offered the position without hesitation on the part of any potential employer.

Apply for multiple openings, but, as always, be sure to use a targeted approach:

  • No ‘one size fits all’ applications, as these are unlikely to get you the interviews you’re looking for. Don’t waste your time with them
  • Use the information in each job posting and job description to extract key words. Then use them on the CV and cover letter
  • Research each company your applying to, thoroughly, using a wide variety of sources
  • Ensure you have the key data at your fingertips

When you obtain interviews:

  • Return to the notes of the self-analysis you carried out after your previous interview. Looking back, you should be able to glean some useful interview tips. What lessons can you now apply?
  • Give each interview 100% effort. Even if you realize this is not the job title or job offer you are hoping for, you should have the courtesy to express interest in the position, and prepare your interview questions professionally.
  • Do not mention that you are waiting for a response from another employer. That would mark you out as a candidate who is looking for a job, but is not deeply concerned about who they work for. Only a desperate employer would make you an offer on this basis.
  • After each interview, be sure to follow up correctly. First, with a thank you email, then with a follow up. Even you aren’t offered the position, or don’t wish to accept an offer, it is important to leave behind a positive impression. We never know where life will take us in the future.


Step 6: You receive a response

The wait will eventually come to an end and the email you’ve been waiting for is in your inbox. Most likely you will receive one of three possible responses:

  • A polite message explaining that you haven’t been successful.
  • An invitation to a second interview
  • An initial job offer (we’ll address this one in Step 7)

Let us look at how you can best respond to each of these in turn.

You haven’t been successful.

Now, at least you know. Respond with a short email (3 or 4 lines maximum), thanking the sender for letting you know, and for considering your application so carefully. If you would like to be considered for any further openings which may arise, mention this. Wish the recruiter and her colleagues all the best, and sign off professionally.

Now continue with Steps 3 and 5.

You’re being invited to a 2nd interview

Great news! Hopefully, you’ll be informed about the job titles and names of the panel who’ll be meeting you this time.

You may still be in competition with one or two other candidates, or it may be a case that more senior managers want to meet you before a final decision is made.

Prepare carefully. Return to your notes from the first meeting, which should provide some interview tips to help you to perform even better in the second one.

  • What do you need to research before the meeting?
  • What questions do you need to be ready to answer?
  • What questions should you be asking the panel at this stage?

If you’ve received the interview invitation by email, be sure to respond promptly. The panel will have tentatively blocked their time for the meeting, so if you can’t make it or need to reschedule, it is courteous to let them know as soon as possible.

If you’re accepting the invitation, by responding immediately, you’ll signal your enthusiasm and professionalism.

However, the job offer isn’t on the table yet, so be sure to continue your job search.

Once you’ve had your second interview, go back to the beginning of the process and follow Steps 1 to 5.


Step 7: You receive a job offer

Congratulations, your hard work has finally paid off!

Of course, the first thing to do is to thank the writer or caller for the job offer and express your appreciation for their confidence in you.

After that, you need some more details before accepting.

A written offer letter with some basic details. Start date, salary, other remuneration and entitlements, annual leave, etc.

The job offer should also confirm the name and job title of the person you’ll be reporting to.

You should receive a full job description at this point

There may be a deadline (typically 7-14 days) by which you need to accept.

The full employment contract may be provided at this point, but often it is sent after your acceptance.

If there are any details which you cannot accept, let the writer know by phone or email. For example, if you have a notice period with your current employer, or have holiday booked, you may need to ask for the start date to be amended.

However, providing all is as you need it to be, give your response as soon as possible.

Once this is done, you can start to prepare for your transition into the new company.

Contact your manager-to-be, letting him or her know how excited you are to be joining the team, and how much you appreciate the opportunity. Ask if there are any (non-confidential) documents, such as policies or marketing collateral that you could start to review. When you finally start work, this background information will help you to hit the ground running.

Ask your recruiter to let you have an online copy of the company’s employee handbook, so you can start to familiarize yourself with the way things are done.

Continue your research into the company. Review any marketing literature they have as well as their websites and any press releases to ensure you have the latest information.

Prepare your documents in advance of your start date. If you’ll need to provide copies of your licences, qualifications, medical certificates, etc. make sure you have them ready.

If any have been lost or misplaced, it could take time to obtain replacements. Providing everything required, promptly, will help you to feel at ease with your new employer, and you (and the HR team) can focus on other things.


In conclusion

We hope that the hints above will help you use the time between an interview and a response in the most constructive and professional way. While it’s not necessarily the most comfortable period, it can be a great opportunity to learn, not only about the way companies make their decisions in respect of new hires, but also about yourself.

The moment that you learn that the job you’ve been wanting is actually yours- it’s a great feeling. Whether it’s a step up the career ladder, a move into a prestigious company, or even the chance to get working again after a period out of the workplace, starting a new job is exciting. Most likely you’ll be congratulated by friends and family, who’ll be telling you it’s what you deserve.

However, once the euphoria subsides, there are many questions you’ll be asking yourself:

  • How am I going to make the best of this opportunity?
  • How am I going to make an impression?
  • What is this new role going to bring me (in addition to an income, of course)?
  • How can I use my current knowledge and skills to the best advantage?
  • What knowledge and skills do I want to develop?

It doesn’t matter what kind of job you’re going to do, whether you’ve just secured your first role or are a seasoned performer with a track record of success, many of the questions are the same.

Before starting in a new job, it is worth taking some time to consider what you’ll need to do to get off to a flying start and develop your reputation as an outstanding professional.

In this detailed guide, we’ll go through some suggestions to help you integrate smoothly into an organization where you are starting a new job and ensure that you make the most of the opportunity a new job presents. We’ll take your arrival and integration in stages, to cover the first 3 months in your new role.


Stage One: Prepare your entrance

After the first message informing you that you’re being offered a position, you’ll probably receive a formal offer letter and contract to sign and return. This will probably contain some details about the date of starting a new job, your salary and benefits, your entitlement to leave, etc.

Provided you agree with all the terms, return this as promptly as possible, so your new employer is sure that you have accepted, and will not look for a ‘Plan B’ Candidate. Ensure you add a note expressing appreciation for the opportunity and confirming that you are looking forward to joining your new team.

However, sometimes the offer letter does not contain basic information which is important for you to be aware of, for example:

  • Location of your workplace (if this is different from the place you were interviewed)
  • The time you should arrive for work on the first day. This is important because you will be meeting your manager, a colleague or an HR person, and they should be ready to see you.
  • Any documentation you need to bring. Typically, there is a lot of admin work to get through on your first day while starting a new job. Providing all the documents needed, such as passport, driving license, etc. will ensure all procedures can be completed smoothly, and avoid anyone having to chase you for missing items.
  • Job description. If a full job description hasn’t already been provided, ensure you request it before your first day.
  • Dress code. If this wasn’t discussed at the interview, check what is expected in terms of how you present yourself. When in doubt, dressing a little more professionally is a safer bet than looking more casual than everyone else.
  • Meal facilities. Does the location have a cafeteria, a kitchen, or an area where employees can eat their own packed food? Or does everyone have lunch outside the workplace. It’s worth finding out.

Either request these details by email or call your contact in the company for advice.

Whatever time you are required to report on your first day, it’s important to be there on or before time. Good time management is a basic professional courtesy always and especially when starting a new job. Excuses about ‘traffic’ or the bus being late won’t impress anyone or get you off on the right start.

Timing is everything

You may think you know how long it takes to reach the location as you’ve already attended an interview. However, if your interview was mid-morning, the chances are that the traffic was lighter at that time.

It may be a good idea to do a ‘trial run’, which reflects your actual start time, before your first day, to assess how much time you’ll need to ensure you arrive punctually.


Stage Two: Your first day

The big day finally arrives so you’re starting a new job. You’ve reached your new workplace on time and, hopefully, you’ve been met and greeted promptly by your manager, a colleague or a member of the HR team. However, although you’re eager to get started, the first day can sometimes seem like an anti-climax.

Expect to spend quite a bit of time filling in paperwork, and being issued with equipment.

  • If you’re working in an office environment, hopefully your workstation, equipment and passwords will have already been set up for you. It will be helpful to know how to contact the IT support team in case you need advice.
  • Ensure you are able to access your email immediately, and know your desk extension number, and your work mobile number (if you are provided with one).
  • Connect with the colleague who seems nice to you in the early days but maintain a professional distance. Ask for a tour around the building, so you can locate key facilities or departments easily. It may seem obvious, but something as simple as knowing where the restrooms are located, without having to ask, can make you feel more at home and less of a ‘newbie’.
  • It’s likely that you’ll be introduced to colleagues, with their names and job titles. Unless you’re exceptionally good at remembering names, faces and job titles, then chances are you won’t retain most of the details. However, it’s still a useful exercise, as they’ll remember you.
  • For the one who’s starting a new job, an organization chart is an important tool, even on your first day. Start to get familiar with the way the business is set up and how you will communicate with key contacts in other teams. In addition, find out how to access the company directory so it’s easy to reach out to whoever you need to.

You’re also likely to have an initial meeting with your manager. Don’t be in a hurry to discuss your goals and objectives. First of all, focus on listening so that you can start getting to know him or her.

They also want to know about you, and to help you settle down as quickly as possible so you can integrate into the team and contribute to their work.

When you’re all fired up and ready to go, it can be frustrating to find that you have ‘down time’ on your first day. Be understanding: the people who are looking after you may have other meetings or tasks to attend to, so you are left to …wait around.

Ideally, this won’t happen, but if it does, to make the best impression. Don’t sit idly checking your social media.

Spend the time reviewing company literature, looking at the website, and thinking through any questions which may need to be answered so that you can get to work as quickly as possible.


Stage 3: When Starting a New Job, Show You Mean Business

Although, when starting a new job you may be impatient to get down to business, keep in mind that even with your knowledge and skills, there’s still a lot to learn about the company culture. Make the most of the first few days to lay the foundation of your future success.

This is a week where you’ll mainly be looking for input and suggestions. This time will create a strong foundation for your future success.

Get to know your colleagues

Ideally, a schedule of meetings with colleagues and contacts will have been set up before in preparation for your arrival. To make a great impression, approach these meetings professionally and with the approach that you want to learn.

They’re a fantastic way of starting to build a network of contacts- people will typically be ready to support a new colleague and help you as needed.

An initial training and development plan

Although you may have most of the knowledge and skills to perform when starting a new job, there are still likely to be gaps. Therefore, it’s likely that you will have an initial training or development plan to ensure that you can perform in your new role:

  • If no initial training plan has been prepared for you, take the initiative, and carry out an LNA (Learning Needs Analysis) on yourself.
  • Start with your job description. Are you lacking in the knowledge needed for any of the tasks required? Is it unclear how you’ll fulfill any of the requirements listed? Look for new opportunities and innovative approaches to learning
  • Once you’ve identified some gaps -how will you go about filling them? What support will you need?
  • Having done this initial work, you’re ready to discuss any knowledge and skills gaps with the person responsible for your professional development, so that you can co-create a plan.
  • Many companies provide training company-wide programs, for example, related to safety, fire training, security, diversity, etc. If these are available online, aim to complete them promptly.

Understand your objectives

You’re determined to succeed, so it’s essential to know what that success will look like in the eyes of your company, as well as how it will be measured.

Within the first week, ensure you have a meeting with your manager, and find out what your goals are, in your first three months, and up to the end of the year.

Be proactive: if your manager doesn’t set up a meeting, take the initiative or request one yourself. If you have the option to send a calendar invite, use it. If you’re physically distanced, propose a zoom meeting.

Your goals should not be isolated targets, they need to be integrated and contributing to the success of your company, so, regardless of your seniority, be prepared to ask:

  • What are the organization’s key strategic goals this year? Where does my work fit into the big picture?
  • What are this department/team’s goals? How can I best contribute?

Be proactive: if it’s possible to find out details of a company’s annual goals before you meet your manager (and it usually is), this gives you a head start with the discussion.

Make sure any goals you set to cover the initial period are SMART:

  • Specific
  • Measurable
  • Achievable
  • Relevant
  • Time-bound

Also ensure that you set some goals to fill your learning gaps so that these aren’t forgotten. That’s not all that you have to consider while starting a new job but there is much more so keep on reading further.


Stage 4: Succeed by Adding Value

In many companies, there’s a probationary period of three months. So, this is a critical time for you to demonstrate your value to the organization.

It is also a time when you can ask for input and suggestions to support the professional development that you need to be successful.

Great performance in your probationary period can establish your reputation as a high-potential employee, and a candidate for future career growth. Commit fully to showing how you can perform in your new role and how much value you can add to the team and the organization.

There are three main areas you should focus on during this time:

1. Achieving short-term goals you co-created with your manager

Don’t allow yourself to be distracted by other projects or duties, although these may be part of your daily work. At the end of each week, ask yourself:

What action have I taken this week to move me closer to achieving my goals?

Don’t only focus only on the ‘quick wins’, although this is tempting. Each week, aim to have worked on all of them.

If you find that you’re blocked, or can’t move forward with one, ensure that your manager knows that you need support. Never just ignore it and hope it will be forgotten- because it won’t be!

And remember- the challenging goals are the ones where you’ll learn the most. They’re the most valuable in terms of your professional development.

2. Improve working relationships

During the initial three months, you’ll get to know who’s who in the organization, and they’ll get to know you. These days, very few organizations work in departmental silos, where one department will follow its own course, having as little contact as possible with other departments.

It’s far more likely that, to speed up development and decision-making, employees work in cross-functional teams, where the success of each team is dependent on the cooperation and support of others.

That is why any effort you can make to help improve working relationships, is of value. Aim to get to know as many colleagues as possible, inside your own team and beyond.

Without losing focus on achieving your goals, offer help and support to others when you can.  Offer a fresh perspective. Show yourself to be a great team-player.

When others need support, offer input and suggestions in a constructive and humble manner. This will earn you respect as a professional.

When starting a new job, feedback from your colleagues is extremely valuable in helping you to learn.

When you encounter a roadblock or are just stuck, never be afraid to look for input and suggestions from those around you – typically they’ll value your openness and willingness to learn.

3. Manage your boss

When starting a new job, it’s important to learn how to manage upwards, that is, to know how to communicate effectively with your boss. In the early days, it’s almost impossible to over-communicate.

  • Let him or her know what’s going on with you so that they can support.
  • Keep them updated about progress, so they don’t have to keep asking.
  • Find out what data is important for them, and provide it without being asked.

It is important to schedule a one-to-one progress meeting, ideally weekly, or at least twice a month, during this period. This is an opportunity for a private and open conversation.

You should ask for feedback on how you’re doing, to update your boss about progress towards your goals, and to make any adjustments needed. If they have any feedback from colleagues to share, this can also be helpful.


What not to do in a new role

We’ve covered a lot of ideas which can help you to succeed in your new role, but there are certain behaviors which can, unwittingly, make a poor impression, have a negative impact on your reputation, and will certainly not help to improve working relationships.

To help you succeed in your new role, here are four ‘reputation killers’ that you should guard against.

Talking endlessly about your previous company

This is a trap that many joiners fall into. The intention is to be helpful, by providing a fresh perspective. But when a new colleague can’t help making unflattering comparisons between the way things are done here with the way things were done there, it can be irritating.

People start to feel that their efforts and achievements are being belittled. This kind of conversation is likely to end with: ‘Well why did you leave then, if everything t was so much better there?’

Talking endlessly about your previous achievements

A related trap is to boast endlessly about your fantastic achievements in a previous role. While you are trying to establish your credibility, no-one is really interested. What they’re interested in is how much you are going to contribute in the here-and-now. Your challenge is to learn your new company’s culture and integrate into the team.

Better to show yourself a good listener, be humble, and let your actions speak louder than your words. Demonstrate your value through the quality of your work.


In a new company and a new role, it’s understandable to want to be part of the team. One way, which should be avoided at all costs, is to become involved in the minefield of office politics or gossip.

Though it seems a good idea to mingle up with new colleagues while getting involved in gossip, it may harm your professional reputation in the future.

In addition, the intricate web of social networks inside any organization is constantly changing: someone who is the target of negative gossip one week can become a hero by the next.

The last thing you need, if you want to succeed in a new role, is to get involved in judging others, or become part of a tightly-knit clique.

If someone tries to involve you in gossip, politely remove yourself from the conversation without making any comment and stay positive.

If you can’t escape, make it clear you’re not interested in gossiping with a neutral statement such as: ‘I don’t know X well enough to have an opinion’ or ‘I’m not involved in that situation, so I don’t know enough to comment’.

Instead, aim to build and improve working relationships with all your colleagues and contacts.

Making excuses

The last, and perhaps the most important, reputation killer, especially when you’re in a new role is making excuses and blaming others.

Simply don’t blame anyone else or make no excuses rather accept it courageously and show your commitment to be more careful in the future.

Whether you succeed or fail, let it be as a result of your decisions and your actions. Take responsibility and you’ll learn from your mistakes. Treat them as part of your professional development.

You’ll earn more respect as a professional, which in the long-term will result in more satisfying career growth.



In short, when starting a new job, there are three key factors to focus on:

  • Integrate into your new company’s culture and way of doing things,
  • Improve working relationships with others
  • Add value by achieving your objectives.


In today’s workplace, it’s taken as read that candidates and employees need to possess two types of skills: hard skills and soft skills. While these terms tend to be used loosely, it’s likely that, throughout your career, you will be judged on how well you display them. First, on your CV, then in job interviews, and later in periodic formal and informal performance reviews.

In this guide, we’re going to define each one more closely, look at examples of each, and consider the difference between soft skills and hard skills. Then, we’ll look in more detail at their relative importance at each stage of an employment cycle: on your CV, in an interview, when you first join an employer and as you progress your career.


What are hard skills? 

Hard skills are technical skills that are used to perform the specific tasks required for a particular job. They are your ‘know-how’. They can be obtained via two main routes. The first route is academic courses or training programmes which offer certifications. The second, and equally desirable way to gain hard skills, is via work experience, apprenticeships, and on-the-job learning. 

They are:

  • Often linked to a specific job of field of work
  • Are easy to define
  • Easy to measure. 

In short, you are either competent to do something, or you’re not. 

Your qualifications are hard skills

For example, to begin a career as a Petroleum Engineer, you’d almost certainly need a degree in Geotechnical Engineering or Petroleum Engineering. With that, you would be able to gain an entry-level position, which will enable you to gain the practical experience you’ll need to complement the theoretical knowledge you gained during your education.

Hard skills are gained via experience

However, while you may be able to apply scientific and mathematical principles to solve problems, you will still need to learn how to evaluate the performance of a system or understand the steps required for complex decision-making in the workplace. 

Your qualifications may open the door to the career you want, but certain technical skills can only be developed by time and relevant experience. 

Hard skills open the door

To take another example. You may have worked hard, over time, to gain a degree in Hospitality Management. You will probably have completed a practical work-experience component and gained some technical skills: for example, you can use the reservation system to check guests in and out. 

This will certainly catch the eye of a recruiter looking for new talent in a high-profile hotel company, as there is fierce competition for high-potential employees who can be developed and groomed to be the leaders of the future. 

Hard skills are easy to define and measure

The list of possible hard skills is literally endless. However, below are just a few examples of competencies. It is easy to ask yourself: am I qualified in this area, and am I able to perform these duties? The answer is a simple yes or no. 

  • French language, bi-lingual
  • Real-estate sales
  • Lead generating
  • Inventory control
  • Midwifery
  • Organizational design
  • Cocktail making
  • Coding
  • Tax planning
  • Delivering group training courses
  • Cash flow management

What are soft skills? 

“Soft skills get little respect, but will make or break your career”, Peggy Klaus

Now let’s move on to talk about soft skills. These are much harder to define and measure, as we’ll see. As an example, a candidate may claim to have ‘excellent communication skills. But the question is, in whose eyes? Usually in the opinion of the candidate themselves. However, it doesn’t mean they are not highly valued.

Soft skills are the key to success

The term ‘soft skills’ is somewhat misleading. It implies that there may be something vague or weak about them. Don’t be fooled, this is not the case at all. While it may be that your hard skills get you through the door in an organization, it will be your soft skills that most employers value and that will ensure that you shine brightly. Therefore, it is often more helpful to think of them as your interpersonal skills. 

For example, you may be the world’s most talented Internal Auditor, but if you can’t show up for meetings on time or develop positive relationships with your stakeholders, career progression opportunities will, very likely, be limited. Or you may be an exceptionally talented chef and create wonderful menus, but if your team keeps leaving because you don’t listen to them, you’ll find it hard to reach your true potential.

Soft skills can be divided into two main areas: how skillful are you at managing yourself, and how well do you manage your interactions with others. Let’s look at each area in turn.

Related readingHow to Identify and Develop Soft Skills in the Workplace

Self-management skills 

These can be defined as those soft skills which ensure that you are able to manage your actions, thoughts and emotions in order to operate efficiently in work, and also in life. While some are often considered part of a person’s personality or character, in fact, if you feel the need to become stronger in a particular area, there are strategies you can adopt which will help you.

Let’s look at a few of the most typically mentioned self-management skills:

Time management

Time management is absolutely fundamental to success in virtually any workplace. The ability to show up on time, in the mornings, at meetings is a sign of basic professional respect. Your ability to agree and keep to deadlines, and to manage a workload efficiently will impact your reputation and, in the longer term your prospects for progression. At a supervisory or management level, it implies that you are able to delegate effectively and to prioritize the tasks you ask your team to focus on.


The ability to set goals and get yourself-moving towards them is a great strength, in the workplace and in life. Your initiative and the fact that you don’t need to be told what to do or when to do it, imply energy and enthusiasm, two qualities that are highly valued in the workplace. 


Over the last decade, with the ever-increasing pace of organizational, technological and societal change, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of resilience in the face of inevitable ups and downs. Resilience is the ability to keep going in the face of difficulty, it is the ability to bounce back after challenges or even defeat.

Although it is often thought of as an intrinsic quality, organizations are increasingly investing in programmes to develop resilience in their employees – perhaps mindfulness courses, coaching and mentoring programmes, or ensuring that people have adequate ‘down-time’ and rest to be able to perform their duties effectively.


Organization requires the skills of planning, estimating lead times and completing tasks according to their priority. It also requires clear and appropriate communication with stakeholders.

Attention to detail

The way that you focus on the accuracy of the work you deliver, and the care you take in every aspect of a task –planning carefully, assessing of pros and cons, communicating clearly, analyzing results and performance realistically.


Soft skills are interpersonal skills

How well you can work with others will be, in most organizations, critical for your success. Let’s look at some interpersonal skills which illustrate their benefits to employers


In the modern workplace, few tasks are accomplished by a single individual. The ability to consult, to offer and ask for assistance and support, as well as the willingness to share ideas and insights, is a strength that employers value as it enables work to be accomplished effectively. 


The world has far more managers than leaders. The ability to communicate a clear vision of what’s needed, to inspire and motivate team members to work at their best level, and to be fully accountable for results, is something that certain people are fortunate enough to be born with. However, it can be studied and practiced, and many organizations invest heavily in developing the skills of those they require to lead others.


It’s a cliché on many CVs: ‘I can work on my own or as part of a team’. But what does that actually mean? Being a team player implies actively contributing to the achievement of common goals, with ideas, actions and support.

It implies taking on part of someone else’s role, if that’s required to achieve those goals. As a team is as strong as its weakest member, it implies using skills and experience to help them. 


Networking is an interpersonal skill that goes beyond collaboration. A great networker is one who seeks out opportunities to connect with others for reasons beyond the short-term and obvious.

So reaching out to someone who has no connection with a current project, or offering to assist someone who asks for help may have no immediate benefit, that person may prove to be of immense value in opening doors or providing resources down the line.

It has to be said that most natural networkers make their contacts without having any idea in mind about how a contact may be useful, they tend to be naturally sociable and curious. However, networking is a skill that can be practiced and strengthened.

Conflict resolution

Certain people are natural diplomats and can smooth over any conflict, looking for equitable, win-win solutions to any conflict. In a high-pressure work environment, where employee turnover is high or customer satisfaction is paramount, being able to resolve conflicts to the satisfaction of all parties is a highly-prized soft skill.


Hard Skills vs Soft Skills: Which Ones Are More Important On My CV?

You might have already guessed the answer to this question: to catch the eye of a potential employer and convince them that you could be the right person for the role they’re seeking to fill, you need to highlight both

When you’re starting a job search, and planning an application, you need to tailor your CV to match the requirements, not only of the position, but also of the employer you’re targeting

The easiest way to do this is to go back to the job ad, and the job description.

What are the hard skills and the soft skills which are highlighted in these? Which ones do you have? How can you provide examples?

Once you’ve defined the skills you have which match what the employer is looking for, the next question is, where do I list them, so they make the maximum impact?

For each application, you’ll most likely be submitting two items. These two important items are your CV and a cover letter.

Cover Letter

This should be a short introduction, to introduce yourself and let the recruiter know, in a few short sentences, how you can add value if they select you for the position. 

Therefore, without going into any details, you need to include your hard skills, as these are fundamental to you being able to fulfil the basic requirements of the position. 

You also need to mention your most relevant self-management and interpersonal skills. Your cover letter isn’t a place to dive deep into the details, but you should aim to catch the eye of a recruiter, so they’ll think: this person seems to have a lot of the things we’re looking for.

Your CV

Again, both need to be shown.

Your educational qualifications can be mentioned in your personal statement, at the top of your CV, as well as in the Education section. Your certifications can say a lot about you. They not only demonstrate that you have studied the industry you are seeking to enter, they also show that you have tenacity and determination; that you know where you want to build your career 

Specific hard skills needed for a role should be included in the ‘Experience’ section of your CV. When possible include details of what you actually achieved. 

For instance:

‘Led the implementation project for the ATS system, achieved 3 weeks ahead of deadline’

 ‘Used coffee machine to serve up to 60 customers per hour’

As it’s often the first thing a recruiter scans the personal statement should also include mention of your soft skills. However, be prepared to elaborate on these as you weave examples into the Experience section of your CV. 


Hard Skills vs Soft Skills: which are more important in an interview? 

It’s impossible to be certain, as in every interview, the recruiter will have different priorities. If you’ve come as far as being invited for an interview, this means that your CV has listed some or all of the attributes they’re looking for. 

However, every recruiter knows how easy it is for people to claim anything on their CV in order to progress an application, so they’ll rarely take your claims at face value.

Thorough interview preparation is essential if you are to give the interview the best possible insight into your soft, hard and problem-solving skills

Prepare to back up your hard skills

First, your qualifications. It may sound obvious, but it’s really a good idea to check that you have all your certificates available. It’s unlikely that anyone will ask to see them at an interview, but if your application progresses, you’ll probably be asked to produce them as part of the due diligence procedure. So, if they’ve been lost or misplaced, this is a good moment to do something about it.

Also, if you gained your qualifications a while ago, refresh your memory about the modules and projects you completed. If relevant to the position, these can interest an interviewer and strengthen your case.

On-job experiences and in-company programmes. Prepare yourself with examples:

  • Dates
  • The nature of the experience
  • What you learned
  • What results you achieved
  • What challenges you faced
  • How often you’ve applied these hard skills
  • Whether you’ve trained others in them, etc.

Prepare examples of your soft skills

As we mentioned earlier, soft skills are much harder to measure as they are more subjective.

So before the interview, go through the list of soft skills that you have listed on your CV and cover letter, and select at least three different examples of where and when you demonstrated each one.

Ensure that you take into account the result or outcome for each of your examples. For instance, if you want to highlight that you are a team-player, don’t only give examples of the part you played, but also explain how your unique contribution added value to the team, and what result was achieved. 


Which is more important as you build your career?

When you are considering your long-term career development, and considering what will help you to reach your full potential, you also need to consider the relative merits of developing your hard skills and your soft skills.

To make things more complicated, the days when employees spent their entire working life with one employer, climbing the career ladder steadily as the years passed, are gone. So it’s become essential to consider how to gain more skills which will guarantee your long-term employability, regardless of sector, macro-economic, or technological changes.

It may seem obvious. To keep up with wider changes, qualifications need to be updated and upgraded throughout your career. While this is true to an extent, gaining more and more expertise in a specific field may narrow, rather than increase, your possibilities for employment

It could be more useful to upgrade your qualifications by choosing a closely related field so that your range of opportunities widens.

Of course, progressing your career isn’t only about qualifications, and, over the years, it’s likely that your experience will become far more significant. It’s about the quality of your professional background, the depth and breadth of your technical skills and your overall track record of achievements. 

The perfect moment to discuss these issues is during your formal performance reviews. Of course, most of the discussion will focus on the previous twelve months, but, in a well-balanced review, it should also look to the future. Ask your appraiser for his or her career advice. 

If gaps in either your hard skills or soft skills have been highlighted, this is a time to co-create a plan to address them. Go for a balance.

To improve or broaden your technical skills in the workplace:

  • Join a project team that will give you the opportunity to learn or practice.
  • Ask for a temporary assignment in another department or location.
  • Take over some of the duties of a colleague who is absent for a period of time.
  • Ask to be trained for and allocated some new duties.
  • Ask for more structured coaching over a period.
  • Attend off the job or theoretical training, with the goal of completing new tasks on completion.

To improve or broaden your soft skills

  • Work with a more experienced mentor who can guide you.
  • Ask to be allocated tasks that give you the opportunity to strengthen areas where you feel weakness.
  • Look for more opportunities to demonstrate and expand the skills where you feel strongest.
  • Attend off-job or theoretical training. Make a realistic assessment of your skill level before you attend, perhaps by asking for feedback from your manager and colleagues. Then, place a strong focus on enacting your post-course action-plan, as this will be where the real learning and change take place. 



We’ve looked in depth at the difference between hard skills and soft skills, and the relevance of each in terms of a job search as well as their relative importance at every stage of a career.

The conclusion that clearly emerges is that hard skills and soft skills are like yin and yang: both intimately connected to and dependent on each other. Seek to develop, and use both, in balance, and you’ll increase your chances of a meaningful, enjoyable and successful career.

How to Write a Professional Biography

If you spent time and effort creating a professional CV, you might well be asking –why do I need to create a professional bio as well? 

The answer is simply that, although a well-prepared CV is an essential tool when you’re starting a job search, there are a whole host of other situations in which you may be asked to describe yourself, and let people know who you are.

Therefore, writing a bio can be a wise investment of your time. 

In this article, we’re going to consider some of the reasons why a professional bio might be required and the different bio formats. We’ll also provide you with tips on how to write an engaging bio for different audiences, and provide an outline to help you get started.


Why write a professional bio?

These days,more than ever, people are getting to know us via our online presence, rather than in person. 

While this can be a great advantage in business and in our professional life, as human beings it’s natural to want to know who we’re talking to, who we’re going to be working with, or whose ideas we’re going to be reading.

So, if we want to really connect with people, especially online, we have to work harder to let people as much about us as we want to share, in the shortest possible time. 

If you’re reaching out to a new client, or looking for someone to collaborate with you on a new project, sending them your CV just isn’t an appropriate or professional option. 

Yes, it says a lot about you, and tells your professional story, but it also labels you as a job-seeker, seeking approval, rather than as an equal looking for a partnership.

As an alternative, a professional bio can provide an engaging snapshot of who you are as a person, and an overview of your areas of expertise, professional achievements, goals and possibly your personal interests.  

Why should you write one now, before it’s needed? Well, it’s just so much easier to have one that you’ve had the time to prepare well, than to throw one together in response to an urgent request.

Different types of bio 

Whereas CVs tend to follow a fairly strict and rigid format, which makes them easier for recruiters to locate information and to enable them to be read easily by applicant tracking systems, professional bios tend to be much more flexible, and tailored according to the audience they’re aimed at. Let’s look at a few of the options:

Long professional bios

These are appropriate when you want to provide a comprehensive professional overview of yourself. 

For example, if you were being introduced as a speaker at a presentation or panel, or as a senior executive on the ‘Meet our Team’ page of a corporate website, a long professional biography would form your introduction.

  • Typical length: 3- 5 paragraphs
  • Typical number of sentences: 3-5

Short professional bios

Short professional bios are more typically used as summaries on social media sites (e.g. LinkedIn), providing a higher-level overview of experience than a long bio.  For example, they may also be used to give information about the author of a blog post or magazine article, or in the ‘About Us’ section of a company website.

  • Typical length: 1- 2 paragraphs
  • Typical number of sentences: 2-4

Personal statements

Personal statements describe your experience and qualifications, in an extremely concise manner. They are most typically found at the top of CVs, underneath a candidate’s personal details. The aim is to pitch your application to the recruiter, so that they are intrigued enough to read the rest of the CV.  

Personal statements are usually crafted to be heavy on the use of certain keywords which relate to a particular position or area of expertise.

  • Typical length: 2 – 4 sentences, 50 – 80 words

Which format shall I choose?

Because you may not be certain which of these formats is going to be most useful to you, it’s a good exercise to start by writing a long bio, and from there take the most essential details to craft a short bio and a personal statement. 


Before you start writing a bio  

Although even a long bio is unlikely to be more than 100 -150 words, sitting down to write it can be daunting. How are you going to select the most salient points from your professional life and career development? How are you going to clarify the kind of person you are?

Before you try to write your professional bio, it’s worth taking the time to prepare. 

Start with your CV

First of all, how up to date is it?  Most of us neglect to keep our CV updated, and only take it out and dust it off when we want to apply for a new position. But it’s really a good idea to update it regularly, say every 3-6 months, adding any new achievements as they occur.  

Yes, it will grow longer and longer, but when you come to apply for a new position, it’s a lot easier to delete what’s not relevant than to trawl back through your memory and find examples of what it is.

First step: sit somewhere where you won’t be disturbed

Start with the long version of your CV, review it carefully. What have been the key moments in your career? What are the most interesting career developments? Pick out 5 key achievements, and 1 key qualification. 

If you are just starting out on your career, and don’t have much professional experience, choose other areas, such as voluntary work, sporting achievements or awards, which you’re proud of. 

Next: Who are you?

Now, what would you like people to know about you as a person? What are your qualities?

Ask your colleagues how they’d sum you up in 3 words.  Also family, friends can provide useful insights into your 3 best attributes. 

Later, you’ll work out if you want to include these on your professional bio, and how to weave them into the narrative.

Once you’ve done your preparation, it’s time to start creating a long bio that will grab the attention of your audience and create the positive impression you’re looking for.


Gather your material

Before you craft the final work, it will be helpful to consider most, if not all, of the following points. Don’t be concerned if you end up with pages of notes after doing this exercise: it will be easy to filter down to what’s essential when you’ve got everything down on the paper.

Where have you come from? 

From your CV, you’ll already have selected the roles which have made you, professionally, what you are today. 

  • What is interesting about your career development
  • Which experiences really stand out, and which are not so important? 
  • Which experiences were stepping stones or leaps to the next level?  
  • Have you had an unusual or varied range of roles? 
  • Have you worked your way up from the most humble, junior position to one of influence and responsibility? 

Instead of looking at your first roles as irrelevant, consider how impressive your progression will look to an outsider. Starting at the top and ending at the top is never going to be as interesting as starting at the bottom and enjoying the climb. 

Tell your success story

Again, refer to your CV and list the most important professional skills from the Experience section. This is not about a particular success in a particular role. It’s about highlighlighting a pattern of achievements. When you look at each role, is there a specific aspect that you’ve excelled in? Mabe more than one, of course. 

For example, have you led multiple teams to different levels of success? Have you implemented a series of organizational changes in different companies? Have you exceeded your sales targets in each role you’ve held? 

The more experience you have, the easier this should be of course. If you don’t have much professional experience, then look at your achievements outside work, to find links between your hobbies, your academic achievements, your voluntary work, your awards. What do they show about you? Determination? Team spirit? Independence? Creativity? The list is endless.

What exactly do you do now?

This is not about your job description, or your job title, it’s about what you actually do in your current position.   

How do you add value to your employer, to your clients, to your colleagues?  For example, your job title might be ‘Customer Service Agent’, and your job description might list a number of duties, but, to put it simply, the purpose of your role, and what you’re good at, is to resolve customer issues via clear explanations, to their satisfaction.  

Link your work and your interests

What makes you love the work you do? Apart from the salary, what is it that motivates you to go into work and do the best job you can? What is it that enables you to overcome the challenges you face in your professional life? Showing your energy and enthusiasm on your professional bio can be a game-changer, so take the time to ensure that you identify your authentic passion.  

Who are you as a person?

In a long professional bio you’ll have space to tell a story about yourself. Work out ways to illustrate one or more of the personality traits that your colleagues, friends and family have helped you identify. 

The most important thing here is to be authentic. If you don’t believe what you’re claiming to be, no-one else will. So choose a characteristic that really ’fits’ you, and it will shine through.

Show that you’re not a machine

In a long bio, you’ll also have the opportunity to round out your professional experience by sharing a little about your hobbies or community interests. This is usually done in the final paragraph. Rather than listing things at random, select activities which support the picture you’ve been creating. For example, if your bio positions you as a leader:

When not working, I serve on the Board of Governors of a local school, lead a girl guides group and go running on the beach with my two dogs

So, here, leadership is highlighted indirectly, as well as an additional activity which the writer also loves, helping to create a more rounded picture. 


Writing for impact

After gathering all the key points that you want to express, it’s finally time to start writing. To create a professional bio which sparks the readers interest and gives them the information they need in the shortest time, use the points below to guide you as you write.

Which voice to use

This is actually quite a controversial area, and opinions differ on whether you should use ‘I’ or ‘He/she’ when describing yourself on your bio.

Traditionally, the advice would, almost always, have been to write your bio in the third person, as if someone else was talking about you. 

This is still very valid if you’re going to place your professional bio on a website, or use it to be introduced by another person at conferences and presentations.

However, these days a more personal tone is increasingly preferred: think about the professional summaries on LinkedIn or even Instagram. The vast majority of bio examples are written in the first person, that is, using the personal pronoun,  ‘I’.

Why is this?

Using ‘I’ is far more direct and authentic

Energy and enthusiasm can shine through: it has far more personality

It is also less formal, and makes a better connection with the reader

There is always something weird about a person claiming themselves to be ‘an outstanding professional’ or ‘highly-talented’. Let’s face it, it’s just boasting and we all know who’s written it. 

No waffling

The golden rule of any bio is to make every word count. 

The first sentence is especially critical as it sets the tone for the rest of your bio. It’s your first opportunity to show your personality. If you don’t engage the reader at this point, it’s unlikely they’ll bother reading the rest.  

So, instead of a boring and chliched opening such as: ‘Hello, my name is Taj and I’m a CAD designer’,  this person could have started off with:

  • A statement about why he is so passionate about his particular CAD niche
  • A statement about something he believes in,  related to the world of CAD
  • A brief and engaging story of how he came to work in the CAD field
  • An opinion about the challenges or opportunities that this field offers.  

Your aim is to intrigue or challenge your reader so they’ll be interested to read on and learn more.

Do your research and use keywords

If you’re looking to optimize the possibility of your profile coming up on Google or LinkedIn searches, make sure that your professional bio is rich in relevant keywords.  Which keywords to choose? Ask yourself:

  • What are your areas of specialization? 
  • What do you want to be known for? 

Your CV and even your job description are the places to look to find the keywords which match your skills and that potential employers or clients may be using in their searches.

Cut out the cliches

A bio that’s packed with clichés is the quickest way to kill a reader’s interest.  Words such as ‘motivated’, ‘successful’,’creative’, and, above all, the dreaded but ever-popular ‘passionate’, are repeated endlessly on CVs and bios, until they have all but lost their meaning. 

This isn’t to suggest that there’s anything wrong with being motivated or passionate, far from it. However, instead of using easy but tired terms, try to communicate these attributes in other ways, via the information you provide and the stories you share. How exactly do you demonstrate your motivation or passion? What examples could you provide?

Everyone loves a good story

As human beings, we’re not hard-wired to love adjectives. However, our brains are definitely hard-wired to love stories. Think about starting your bio with a short anecdote that says a lot about you:  

  • “On my 14th birthday I realised…”  
  • “My English teacher said to me ….”  
  • “Lost, half-way up a mountain, with a broken leg….”

Much more intriguing than: ‘I am highly-motivated and passionate about writing’

Choose a story that illustrates an epiphany, a moment when you realized a truth about yourself or your values. Make sure it’s a true story that means a lot to you.

Keep it simple

Expect people to scan your bio, and make it easy for them to extract the key information. 

Keep your paragraphs short, and break up your sentences into different lengths. Likewise, don’t use jargon or long, multi-syllable words where you can avoid them. Use an online thesaurus to help you come up with simpler alternatives. 

However, if you’re writing your bio on LinkedIn or Instagram, where there is a limit on the number of characters you can use, take the opportunity to say as much as you can, without cramming everything into one crowded, hard-to read, paragraph.

Tell the reader what you want 

So the reader has finished reading, what do you want them to do next?  To get in contact, or something else? At the end of your professional bio, be explicit and there’s more chance that you’ll achieve the outcome you’re looking for.

A picture’s worth…..

Adding a photo or a video to your bio will add interest and originality. A video, which will show your body language and voice tone will make it so much easier to connect with the reader. 


First draft

Now, let’s look at a basic format that you can use to get you started on your long professional bio. This is only a guide, and we’re going to use first person, ‘I’.

Once you’ve inserted the basics, change the order, and expand the sections as you like.


This should include your name, and what you do .

Paragraph 1:  

Strong opening.  A story, anecdote. 2 or 3 sentences.

Paragraph 2:  

I am a (job title) and I work with (employer or type of client) to (how you add value and help them).

Paragraph 3: 

I know / believe …………… (insert what you know or believe about your kind of work).

Paragraph 4:  

I’ve ………………(insert you most interesting challenges and roles)

Paragraph 5:  

I’m a qualified / certified ……..(insert your most impressive qualifications or awards) / I hold …. (insert degree or school certificates), from (institution) 

Paragraph 6:   In my free time I……

Search on Linkedin and other similar sites and you’ll find lots of great bio examples to inspire your creativity. Search for others who hold similar roles to yours.

However, what is absolutely essential is that you resist any urge to cut and paste, copying someone else’s. This will only seem inauthentic and really, it won’t do its job –that is to share as  much as possible about the real you and your professional expertise, as you want it to.

Stick to the research you’ve already done and keep it real to reflect your unique background and experience.  

So, this is the first draft of your long bio. Polish it and flesh it out as required until you’re satisfied that it really creates the impression you want it to, then add your photos and video if you have one.


What next?

Once you have your long bio, it should be relatively easy to pare it down as to create a short professional bio, personal statement or headline.

The final stage is to decide how and where you want to place your bio. If you have a personal website or blog, these are the obvious places where it can help to introduce you to your readers. Likewise, if you have a Facebook business page, YouTube channel or Instagram page.

If you’re starting work with a new employer, supplying your bio before you join, can help to introduce you to your future colleagues. When you’re involved with community or voluntary projects, a short professional bio included in an email or newsletter can also get you off on the right foot.

And then, of course, there’s LinkedIn and other professional networking sites.

We hope that by taking you through some of the key points you need to bear in mind when creating your professional bio, we’ve helped to make the process of writing a bio less daunting. 

Good luck and enjoy writing!


Technical evolution has led industries to shift towards the digital landscape. The employment world in the field of technology has transformed, thereby generating specialized job roles. Advanced technologies and their sub-fields have grown in prominence in the likes of artificial intelligence researchers, machine learning engineers, virtual reality (VR), Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain developers to name a few.

The demand for specialists is growing rapidly with new roles preceding the older ones. The artificial intelligence industry jobs have seen the biggest boom and stand tall as a $1.2 trillion industry. Some careers are offering the highest salaries and the possibility of career growth that boasts of excellent employee satisfaction. Therefore, in the highly competitive tech industry, it is essential to be aware of emerging job trends and the skill set that may need to be upgraded to keep up in this fast-paced profession. This article will explore some of the fastest rising tech jobs in the industry today.


Emerging Job

It is crucial to understand the transformation of the jobs and skills to be well-equipped for roles that may arise in the future. The term emerging job defines a job role that has seen tremendous growth within a specific time. This signifies that these jobs have sustained growth for professionals who are hired into specialized roles over the years. Following the changing trends also allows us to have an insight into the growth rate and keep track of the salary hikes.


The role of Emerging Jobs Analysis

The emerging job analysis is performed by several notable companies such as LinkedIn, Glassdoor, Indeed.com, etc. From factors like employee reviews and a full-time position held for a minimum of 5 years, employer’s preference, skills and the scope of growth, hiring rate, and the annual growth rate that determines the fastest-growing jobs in the industry.

This analysis is useful for organizations and individuals. Organizations can delve deep into addressing skill gaps and future needs. It provides insight on whether they need to search in the talent market or there is a possibility of development among their employees. On the other hand, for individuals, the benefit of this analysis extends beyond the identification of the highest paying jobs. It provides an insight into the identification of skills, career paths, and assesses the individual potential to change the trajectory of their career graphs.

As per LinkedIn reports, the fastest-growing tech jobs in the U.S for the year 2020 are listed in the following sections.

Artificial Intelligence Engineer

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are the most trending topics. Artificial intelligence has gained its foothold in every possible industry. Today an artificial intelligence career is the most sought after profession among other technology jobs. The jobs generated for this role have grown over the years that stands at a staggering 74% annual growth in the past 4 years.

Skills required for the job:

Machine learning, Deep Learning, Python, Tensor Flow, Natural Language Processing and MATLAB

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology and software, Artificial intelligence research labs and groups, Electronics, Higher Education

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Robotics Engineer

The robotics industry is gaining upward momentum. Sophia the social humanoid robot is among the most popular robots that captured the imagination across the globe. Careers in the robotics industry include software and hardware specialists and artificial intelligence engineers.

Skills required for the job:

Robotics Process Automation, UiPath, Blue Prism, Automation Anywhere

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information Technology, Industrial Automation, Automotive Industry

Annual Growth:


Average base Salary:



Data Scientist

Data scientists’ role has been among the most popular ones in the industry. The job trends in recent years indicated that the field of data science is still evolving and it has generated the maximum job opportunities as compared to other roles in the tech industry. A data scientist is considered to be a valuable addition to any industry. As the data has become more complex over the years, the specialized roles in the data science world are expected to grow significantly.

Skills required for the job:

Machine learning, Data Science, R, Python, Spark, SAS

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology and software, Financial services, Freight, and Cargo, Healthcare

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Full-Stack Developers

This job belongs to the category of technology-oriented careers that has been around for many years. The roles that were defined as frontend and backend developers were popular in the earlier times. To keep up with the rapid pace of the change in this industry, full-stack developers are considered to be well aware of the frontend and the backend requirements. This makes them very popular in the technology industry. There are job postings of full-stack developers constantly.

Skills required for the job:

React.js, Node.js, Javascript, Angular JS, CSS

Industries hiring these professionals:

Software development industry, Internet, and Financial Services.

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Data Engineer

A data engineer is among the most valuable assets of a company. The tasks for a data engineer ranges from managing large databases to building the data pipeline to ensure the correct flow of data within an organization. The hiring rate of such professionals has increased in the past 5 years.

Skills required for the job:

Apache, Spark, Python, Big data, Amazon web services

Industries hiring these professionals:

Health care, Information technology industry, and financial services.

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Information Security Analyst

With the number of hacking cases that have been reported in recent years, it is no surprise to find the need for such professionals to grow rapidly. As the name suggests, they are responsible for maintaining privacy of data and protect the critical information of an organization from cyber threats.

Skills required for the job:

Cybersecurity, Information and network security, Cryptography, Ethical Hacking and Data recovery

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology and software services, Defense, Computer network and security services, Financial corporations

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Cloud Engineers

The cloud environment has changed the way of delivering products and services to the targeted market. The cloud industry continues to grow each year. This has created the need for cloud experts to ensure the efficiency and the smooth functioning of the cloud operations.

Skills required for the job:

Amazon web services, Cloud Computing, Docker Products, Jenkins

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology and software, Financial Services and Telecommunications

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Javascript Developers

Javascript developers have survived the technical evolution. There is a constant demand for such developers. It is considered to be among the top in-demand skills for a software expert.

Skills required for the job:

React.js, Node.js, Angular.js, JavaScript, CSS

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology and software, Financial services and Marketing industries

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Software Engineers

Software engineers are the most common job profiles that are seen in the technical industry. They are responsible for creating applications and build systems. These jobs are relevant even in the times of advanced technologies and hold a steady growth factor for professionals in this role.

Skills required for the job:

Programming skills, Python, C++, Java, Linux

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology, Software services

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Blockchain Professionals

Blockchain is another technology that has created an impact in many industries such as finance, banking, healthcare, manufacturing, etc. Blockchain is related to a digital decentralized database. This technology has introduced safety for data. The deletion of data from the database is impossible without a password. Industries are investing highly for such professionals that are experts in blockchain technology.

Skills required for the job:

C++, Java, Cryptography, JavaScript, Database, Data Structures

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology, Software services

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Web Designers

These professionals work on developing websites and web-based applications. They are the brains behind creating eye-catching websites that include creating page layouts and wireframes. Web design provides attractive career options and job opportunities such as UX and UI designers, web developers. With the addition of creativity in these jobs, job satisfaction is high among the professionals along with competitive salaries.

Skills required for the job:

CSS, HTML, Java, JavaScript, Python

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology, Graphics, and web development services

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Site Reliability Engineer

This job may seem new among technical careers. With the increase in the rate of app development, the need for engineers to maintain the functioning of these apps is becoming essential. Therefore, these professionals are highly in demand. The skills that they possess allow them to transfer their career roles as cloud engineers or full-stack experts.

Skills required for the job:

Amazon Web Services, Ansible, Kubernetes, Terraform

Industries hiring these professionals:

Information technology, Software services, Internet services, and Android Development industry

Annual Growth:


Average Base Salary:



Key points of the current tech industry

Data science is at the peak of the current technical job market. The continued growth of this sector has generated jobs on a large scale. The potential of data science has started replacing obsolete job roles that were time-consuming for an organization. A gradual shift of industries like insurance and banking towards data science technologies have replaced certain tasks performed traditionally by statisticians.

Engineering and research and development have observed a steep rise with the incorporation of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and the Internet of Things in the mix. The rate at which startups have grown has shown the potential of such advanced technologies. The aspirants debating about a technical career must be assured as it is the boom period of technical innovations, thus it is among the best times to be an engineer.

Online learning has achieved success and turned into a multibillion-dollar industry. To have a successful e-learning platform, it is crucial to have technical experts for continuous support to learners and ensuring a smooth experience for them. The integration of cloud labs is another factor that needs tech professionals for its efficiency and ease of use.

Smarter systems and smart healthcare are popular in the artificial intelligence (AI) specialty. The need for AI experts has grown significantly, however, there is a gap between the demand for such professionals and the actual number of employable talents in the employment market. Several industry experts and academicians have come together to form industry-oriented courses to address the gap and produce highly skilled experts in the field of AI. The next wave of AI research is targeted at smarter driving assistance which has already seen its share of success. Modern-day automotive manufacturers are focused on road safety and ease of driving with a keen eye on providing passenger safety with automation and intelligent sensors. Robotics and personal assistants are continuously improving. The addition of smarter functionalities like conversational capabilities and processing speech to text are some of the important value addition in these sectors. These criteria have led to an increase of more specialized roles and more opportunities are being available for the tech industry.

In an era of social media, data generation has been immense. The business growth of companies also adds to the amount of data generated yearly. Such large volumes of data need to be handled efficiently and provide critical information for an organization to prosper furthermore. Such newer requisites paved the way for technologies such as big data. Together, with the help of big data specialists and data scientists, an organization becomes fully equipped and future-ready.

A significant amount of work is also available for the freelance workforce with individuals looking for specific technical skills to address their work requirements. The freelance sector has been home to one of the largest networks for engineers among other professions, that have benefitted from the number of remote work opportunities.

Essential Technical Skills

The world of technology is constantly evolving. Professionals in the information technology sector must adapt and learn and train themselves to keep up with the latest trends and remain competitive. To keep themselves up-to-date, it is of utmost importance to acquire the correct skills for newer opportunities and job roles with a keen eye on the growth of a career as a professional. Some of the recent surveys have listed out the must-have technical skills as per the latest market trends which are described in the following section.


Spark was developed by Hadoop as an open-source engine. It is beneficial for processing large datasets. To have the right architecture is a priority for organizations as they look to minimize cost with efficiency in the mode of operations. Technical experts with the knowledge of Spark have strong programming skills and are on the lookout for hiring such engineers. It is important to note that professionals targeting a career in big data must have this skill to gain a competitive advantage of being hired.


A cloud computing platform from Microsoft that aimed at enhancing the productivity of IT professionals. Since its inception, the Azure platform has been instrumental in simplifying the analytical tasks and app developments. As there are different requirements of each organization, it is advisable to be updated with both Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services knowledge to secure a competitive tech role.


Python, the most used programming language in recent times. The versatility and simplicity in its usage have made it the most preferred language. The support for multiple libraries is one of its strengths that can help to work with large datasets and complex problems. Python is used for software development to research-oriented problems, web development, and machine learning tasks, computer vision and natural language processing, and several more. It is at the top of the charts of being the most important requirements for moving up the technical hierarchical ladder.

Big Data

The systematic analysis and extraction of information from large data to find insights into customer behavior have been possible with big data. Such complex data is difficult to be processed with traditional data-processing technologies. Big data helps organizations to store large amounts of data from various sources in a cost-effective manner. These tasks are possible with the help of big data architects and big data developers, hence such professionals command competitive pay and one of the must-have skills among the emerging trends.


This programming language has not been mentioned often among multiple surveys, but it is one of the most effective for performing numerical computations. It is developed by MathWorks. MATLAB allows the implementation of algorithms, creating the user interface, matrix manipulations among several other possibilities. It is a programming language that is essential for professionals targeting the image processing and computer vision industries. From simple mathematical computations to creating a neural network, MATLAB can be used for various complex tasks. The knowledge of Python and MATLAB is a plus which will highlight a professional’s career tremendously.

Cloud Computing

As more businesses are shifting towards the cloud environment due to the possibility of addressing the need for storage and hosting their service on a shared or rented server, the cloud architectures have started becoming more complex. With architectures trying to address multiple users on a shared platform and to ensure security, cloud computing technologies require skillful professionals to make it a possibility. Therefore, a strong technical background and cloud computing expertise will entice companies to hire such talents with a competitive salary package.


Hive is another key requirement for big data experts. Hive is useful for the analysis of a large dataset that is spread over several low-cost servers. Hive is a new addition in the field of big data, however, it has already garnered attention and it is gradually becoming popular. The knowledge of the Hive would be a valuable addition to any big data developer.


Cassandra was introduced to the technical world by Facebook. Casandra is a database that is known as a NoSQL database that is used to store, analyze, and process large data sets. It is popular among tech giants such as Apple, Instagram, Netflix, and Spotify. Expertise in this technology will guarantee a highly competitive job.

Docker and Kubernetes

Tools like Docker and Kubernetes are extremely important for data scientists and software developers. A Docker is a container that helps the developer in testing their application in a unified environment which in turn simplifies the deployment process. All of the dependencies are included in a single process of deployment. Similarly, Kubernetes helps in the management of the containers. With the use of Kubernetes, the scalability of the application is guaranteed.


Recently, technical jobs have a prerequisite of knowing about GitHub.  Git is a control system for tracking the changes in the source course during a software development process. The knowledge of Git is handy for any developer as it works well on various operating systems and Integrated Development Environments (IDEs).  Besides, it provides data integrity and support for distributed and non-linear workflows.


React is a popular web framework that helps simplify the development of a user-interface. It was released in the year 2013 by Facebook. The aim is to simplify the interface by dividing the user interface into a group of components. ReactJs helps to build faster applications with lesser codes and more functionality. For web developers, it is important to gain an understanding of this tool for developing full-scale and dynamic applications.


The tech industry is one of the largest industries with billions of workforces. In the world of digitization, technology has played a crucial part in transforming businesses.  It is essential to stay up-to-date and add to the skill set to maintain relevance in the fast-paced technology industry. As businesses adopt advanced technologies, the need for specialized technical professionals has grown. There are new job roles that demand highly skilled talents. To be able to maximize the available opportunities, gaining the right skills assures to accelerate career growth. The emerging jobs ensure individuals continually keep track of these changes and find the right path to direct their careers into the most enticing job roles in the job market.

Starting a new job is exciting – especially if you’re interested in beginning a career in one of the fastest-growing skills in the United States job market.

The demand for individuals who have skills in blockchain technology is remarkably high. There are thousands of blockchain jobs out there, and plenty of employers looking to hire people with the right personalities and capabilities to get those jobs done. 

Despite the wide availability of jobs in blockchain (along with other software development positions), it’s not simply a matter of polishing up your resume and handing it over to a recruiting agent. You’ll need to have the right skills in blockchain development to help you really shine during the application and interview process – and you’ll need to know how to market yourself, too.

If you’re interested in starting a career as a blockchain developer, you may want to consider these helpful tips. 


What is Blockchain Technology?

Although it may sound complicated – and truthfully, the process and technologies behind blockchain are relatively complex, requiring a certain set of skills and competencies – blockchain technology at its core is not that difficult to understand.

In short, blockchain is a type of technology that makes it possible for digital assets (or coins) to be transferred from one party to another. Because it is an instant and inexpensive process, it has grown to replace many of the transaction rates commonly charged by banks. 

With blockchain, the chain of transactions is open and it is public to everyone, so everyone that is a part of the network is privy to where the money is, how much money is available, and whether the transaction is valid. Everyone has a copy of a distributed ledger, too.

Blockchain is a versatile career path in that it is diverse and applicable in most industries. Although many blockchain professionals will work directly in an information technology-focused field, many will also go on to work in fields like manufacturing, automation, management, supply chain, healthcare, real estate, banking, and more. 

Blockchain is a field that has caught everyone’s attention, with major companies like JP Morgan, Intel, Microsoft, IBM, and more hiring blockchain professionals in droves. 

Why such massive growth? There are lots of factors behind the explosion in blockchain careers, but part of it has to do with the rise in cryptocurrencies. All kinds of programs are now available to facilitate this, with exchanges and wallets in large numbers in Unocoin, Zebpay, Coinsecure, Coinmama, and more. 

Why Should You Consider a Career in Blockchain?

If you have a passion for technology and aren’t sure what to do with it, pursuing a career in blockchain is a smart choice. There are many benefits to pursuing this kind of career path.

For starters, a career in blockchain technology means a lot of money – something we’ll tell you more about later. There is an excellent salary potential, particularly for individuals who aren’t even engineers or developers.

Blockchain also has an excellent hire rate. In every other industry, or so it seems, the hire rate is variable based on the current situation and the state of the market. Blockchain, however, is a relatively new technology, so career opportunities just continue to grow – no up and down fluctuation in the slightest.

There is also minimal competition for this field. Lots of jobs and very few people who want them? Seems like a dream –  but it’s a reality. Blockchain in sophisticated technology and breaking into this field does require some hard work – but it’s far from impossible.

However, since this field is so new, many of the job positions are exclusive – chances are, you’ll be able to start your career from a top spot in a company, rather than having to slowly work your way up. You’ll be able to work with high-end professionals at major corporations like J.P. Morgan, IBM, and more. 


What Kind of Career Path Could I Follow in Blockchain Development?

What Kinds of Companies Are Hiring for Blockchain Jobs

You likely won’t have any difficulty at all finding a rewarding career in blockchain – provided that you have the passion and prerequisite skills necessary to be successful in your job search.

There are four main employers when it comes to hiring blockchain and crypto professionals. 

The first is at large companies, like accountancy firms, banks, retailers, law offices, oil and gas companies, and insurance firms. Since these companies deal with all manner of sensitive financial information, it’s crucial for them to have the technology to keep up with Joneses. 

Startups also use blockchain. These companies are independent businesses that have been created since the invention of blockchain. 

Similarly, tech firms often hire blockchain professionals, but for a different reason than you might expect – as blockchain takes over, these tech companies have the most to lose. Therefore, it’s essential for them to hire blockchain professionals so that they can glean as much expertise and knowledge as possible.

Governmental organizations frequently hire blockchain professionals, too. Many government organizations are warming up to the many opportunities that blockchain presents – they need crypto experts to advise them toward the best steps for their procedures and processes. 

Whatever your skills might be and whatever your background might be, a career in blockchain could be a smart choice. 

Blockchain Developer 

If you’re interested in starting a career in blockchain, there’s a good chance that you’ll wind up working as a blockchain developer – this is one of the most common careers. A blockchain developer is somebody who has the expertise necessary to assist companies as they explore the many blockchain platforms.

You’ll need to have superior attention to detail along with training in various programming languages. You’ll be responsible for creating the applications for blockchain, after all, and you’ll usually need to have some background experience with programming languages like Javascript, Python, and C++ as a result.

Blockchain Project Manager

A blockchain project manager is someone who will work to connect blockchain projects to experts who can appropriately develop blockchain solutions. You’ll have all the skills of a traditional project manager but you’ll also need to have excellent interpersonal and communication skills along with technical know-how.

Blockchain Solution Architect

A blockchain solution architect is someone who will be responsible for designing blockchain components with experts like developers, UX designers, and network administrators. You’ll essentially serve as the bridge between all of these professionals, working to connect each one with the solutions they need. 

Blockchain Advisor

As a blockchain advisor, you’ll assess your goals and create a plan for the future. You’ll need to be able to identify and analyze how a company works and what they should do to be successful in the future. 

Blockchain UX Designer

A blockchain UX designer is someone who will be able to create a user interface that is attractive and also reliable. You will be tasked with making sure the platform inspires trust and is easy to use for the ultimate end user. You’ll have to have many of the technical skills necessary for other positions in blockchain, but you’ll also need to be hardworking, artistic, and have great attention to detail. 

Blockchain Marketing Specialist

Another career option is as a blockchain marketing specialist. You’ll have to understand basic blockchain technology and teach these skills to other users in the market. For one of these careers, you’ll also need to have an understanding of consumer behaviors and market factors. 

Blockchain Legal Consultant 

As a blockchain legal consultant, you’ll need to have excellent communication skills. You will also need to have a good understanding of both domestic and international law, as blockchain is a technology that truly spans all borders. A blockchain legal consultant will help companies understand what considerations need to be made while they are investing and launching new blockchain technology.

Blockchain Data Scientist

If you choose to become a blockchain data scientist, you’ll be required to analyze, collect, and interpret a large amount of transnational data that exists within the blockchain’s massive ledger system. 

Blockchain Quality Engineer

Quality assurance engineers are necessary in any development environment, as they will need to make sure all project components are of the utmost quality and ready to be launched. In blockchain, this is true, too, except a blockchain quality engineer will make sure all operations are ready to go within the blockchain development environment.

If you pursue a career as a blockchain quality engineer, you will likely conduct all automation and testing of blockchain frameworks.

Blockchain Technical Recruiter

HR meets big data in this job role. As a blockchain technical recruiter, your job will be to recruit potential employers for the whole range of blockchain solutions. You’ll have to have all the interpersonal skills of an HR manager along with a thorough understanding of blockchain technology.

Other Jobs in Blockchain

The list of options doesn’t end there, of course. With training and skills in blockchain, you can also pursue a handful of other roles. Some of the most common include those in accounting, public relations, machine learning, marketing, and management. You could also work as an analyst, crypto broker, ICO advisor, crypto journalist, and more.

Education Needed to Earn a Blockchain Career

It might seem as though all you need to earn a career in blockchain is to spend a few hours in front of the computer, teaching yourself the prerequisite skills. While that’s partially true – the job sector is relatively new and uncharted. Therefore, you’ll need to play around and try new things as you embark on this exciting career path.

For many years, a college degree has been considered the natural precedent for getting a good job. Get good grades, network, study in an in-demand field, and once you graduate, you’ll land a job with a high salary.

This has changed, of course, as many college graduates now finish their degrees saddles with massive debts. Other students finish their degrees unable to find a lucrative job that is actually related to what they studied in school. 

Your career path when you embark on your blockchain journey, therefore, will be a bit different than the career path followed by professionals in other niches – or even other technology entrepreneurs who came before. 

What’s more important than a degree in blockchain is the proper attitude. To be successful, you will need to be committed to constantly improving your skills, as blockchain is constantly evolving. The traditional education process will be a thing of the past. You can certainly pursue a professional training program in blockchain, but more likely, you’ll be piecemealing together various skills as you build your training and expertise, 

For starters, you’ll want to have a good understanding of the core features of blockchain, from Daaps to decentralization and Smart Contracts. You’ll also need technical skills in distributed ledger technology. You’ll want to train yourself in Solidity and JavaScript, along with as many programming languages as possible.

Again, you can piecemeal these skills together, or you can pursue a degree in computer science or a similar major (like software development). You can also join a quick professional course instead of pursuing formal education, too – or you can enroll in an online education and study at your own pace and from the comfort of home. 

Many blockchain professionals will also receive training in cryptography. This will only make you more marketable as you are starting a career in blockchain. Large organizations depend heavily on cryptography to keep assets secured. Therefore, you may want to consider taking a few higher-level cryptography courses, either from online sources like Coursera or Udemy or by taking a course or two as part of your university program. 

Distributed computing theory is another field you’ll want to become well-acquainted in. You need to understand how major blockchain issues affect all users, organizations, and the rest of the world. Understanding how blockchain and its related issues affect others across sectors and industries is vital if you want to be a successful, well-informed blockchain professional.

Most importantly, though, you’ll need to know the code. Blockchain is a software technology, so coding is the most important component. After that, building a basic blockchain is easy. 

Tips for Finding Blockchain Jobs

There is no single, clearcut pathway that every blockchain professional should follow when charting their own way. In fact, a traditional path might not be appropriate when you’re pursuing a career in blockchain – you’ll need to get a bit more creative as you begin your job search and build your portfolio. 

There are, however, some simple and universal steps you can take to make finding a job and building a career a bit easier.

Learn the Basics and Fundamentals

Step one in earning a job in blockchain? Acquaint yourself with the fundamental skills and basic components of blockchain technology. This is a step you really can’t skip. If you don’t know the fundamentals, you won’t be able to dive into the technical aspects. Teach yourself everything you can or enroll in a formal program of study to do so.

Develop Some Cross-Discipline Skills

You’ll also want to learn some other skills that don’t necessarily fall under the blockchain heading. These include soft skills (such as communication, teamwork, adaptability, analysis, and critical thinking) along with skills in other technologies like DevOps. You need to have skills in blockchain and be a well-rounded professional in order to truly be successful in this field. 

Having skills in business is also vital, particularly if you want to pursue a high-profile job at one of the major companies listed above. When you’re working with blockchain, it’s important that you take all of the needs and aspects of a company into consideration. 

Knowing how to communicate value is also important. Sure, you can code blockchain solutions faster than anybody you know – but can you relay this information to people who might not be as technically savvy? It doesn’t matter how talented you are – if you can’t communicate that value to stakeholders, you’re not going to be successful in your career.

Consider an Enterprise Blockchain Certification Course

If you’re new to blockchain – or simply want to explore potential blockchain career opportunities – you might want to take an enterprise blockchain certification course. This will teach you the major features of blockchain as well as its impact on the larger business world. 

You’ll learn about the many blockchain platforms along with various tools and use causes. You’ll be exposed to platforms like Corda and Ethereum, too, giving you valuable lessons and tips so you can clearly understand all of its potential implementations. 

A blockchain certification course will not only help you learn about relevant topics in cryptocurrency and blockchain but it will also give you a clearer understanding of how blockchain can be implemented in the real world. 


Leverage your position in the blockchain community. Take part in as many projects in blockchain as you can – they will not only provide you with relevant and crucial on-the-job training, but they will also acquaint you with other professionals in the industry. Networking is key for finding a job in any field, but especially in the fast-growing tech world. 

Build a Resume

A detailed, quality resume is essential when searching for a job in any field. Blockchain is no exception. You’ll want to develop a resume that highlights your skills along with the experiences that you will draw from once you gain a job as a blockchain professional. Make sure that your resume highlights your technical skills along with your soft skills (such as problem solving and communication), too.

Search for Jobs

If you’re pursuing a technical position in blockchain, your career path will be similar to one that you would follow if you were interested in a career in software development. You can check out traditional jobbers, like Upwork, Ripple, AngelList, and LinkedIn. There are even some job boards out there that cater specifically to blockchain professionals, so don’t overlook those, either.  

Make sure your portfolio and resume are up to snuff, both those that you have on paper as well as what you might have posted online via websites like LinkedIn. In this tech-oriented field, this is how many blockchain professionals end up getting hired. 

Start Your Own Business

If you are a blockchain professional with an entrepreneurial spirit, you might want to consider starting your own career from the very top – you can build your own blockchain application. You can go about this via traditional venture capital or by crowdfunding, but you’ll need to have a clear statement and solution – along with a strong community around you, too.

Salary Potential for Blockchain

As with most jobs in technology, the salary potential for blockchain professionals is nothing short of impressive. On average, you can expect to earn anywhere from $55,000 to $146,000, depending on your skills, experience, and specific role. 

These anticipated salaries are only expected to grow, too. Since 2017, blockchain has seen massive growth, with a 115% increase in blockchain careers, according to Burning Glass Technologies. 

Even on LinkedIn, a common platform for job seekers, job postings in blockchain have increased from 1037 in 2016 to 4541 in 2017 – and that trend is amplified in years moving forward. 

How to Start a Career in Blockchain: The Takeaway

Ultimately, starting a career in blockchain – just like starting a career in any other industry – comes down to putting in some legwork. You will not be successful if you don’t devote yourself to figuring out the proper steps in this rewarding career path. If you truly want to be successful, you’ll need to educate yourself and get certified, stay up to date with industry trends, and have a true passion for blockchain technology and crypto. 

Of course, you’ll also want to stay flexible, as these carers come in many forms. Although the career you end up in may not be the exact one you envisioned yourself pursuing, it will likely be rewarding and lucrative nonetheless. Stay up to date with the latest developments, as blockchain technology continues to evolve on a minute-by-minute basis.

However, rest assured that blockchain is here to stay – and it’s likely to be in high demand for years to come. What better option is there for enjoying a lifelong career in technology?